China News Service, February 4th. According to the website of the Ministry of Emergency Management, recently, the Ministry of Emergency Management, together with the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Water Resources, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, and the Health and Health Commission , Meteorological Bureau, Grain and Reserve Bureau, Forestry and Grass Bureau, Red Cross Society, National Railway Group and other departments and units conducted consultations and analysis on the national natural disaster situation in January 2023.

In January, my country's natural disasters were mainly low temperature freezing and snow disasters, and wind and hail, earthquakes, geological disasters, droughts and forest fires also occurred to varying degrees.

A total of 139,800 people were affected by various natural disasters, 32 people died due to disasters, more than 1,300 houses were generally damaged, 14.5 thousand hectares of crops were affected, and the direct economic loss was 279 million yuan.

  The main characteristics of the national natural disasters in January are as follows:

  1. The cold wave weather affected a wide range, and the avalanche in Nyingchi, Tibet caused heavy casualties

  In January, there were 4 cold air processes in my country, slightly more than normal in the same period, and the first 3 processes all reached the cold wave level. Among them, the 13th to 16th was a national cold wave process, with a large drop in temperature and a wide range of influence.

Affected by the cooling, strong wind and rain and snow caused by the cold wave, Fujian, Jiangxi, Yunnan and other places suffered from low-temperature rain, snow and wind and hail disasters. The affected area of ​​crops was 14.4 thousand hectares, and the direct economic loss was 279 million yuan.

In January, except for parts of South China and Southwest China, snowfall occurred in most parts of my country.

On January 17, an avalanche occurred at the exit of the Duoxiongla Tunnel on the Paimo Highway in Linzhi City, Tibet. Some vehicles and people were buried and 28 people died due to the disaster.

  2. Seismic activity is generally stable, and a 5.6-magnitude earthquake occurred in Luding, Sichuan

  In January, 10 earthquakes of magnitude 4 or above occurred in mainland China, including 2 earthquakes of magnitude 5 or above.

The largest earthquake was the 6.1-magnitude Shaya earthquake in Xinjiang on January 30. The area near the epicenter was a sparsely populated desert area, causing no casualties.

On January 26, a magnitude 5.6 earthquake occurred in Luding, Sichuan, causing no casualties.

In addition, on January 28, a loess landslide disaster occurred in Liulin County, Shanxi Province, killing 4 people due to house collapse and burial.

  3. There are sporadic droughts in Southwest China, and the national forest fire situation is stable

  In January, the soil moisture in most parts of the country was generally suitable, and the soil in some areas such as the eastern part of the Northwest, the eastern part of the central part of Southwest China, and the northern part of the central part of North China was moderately deficient in soil moisture, and there were sporadic droughts in Chongqing and Yunnan.

As of the end of January, the Yellow River has been closed for a total length of about 969 kilometers. The closure and lingering conditions are stable, and no serious disaster losses have been caused.

In addition, there were 24 forest fires across the country in January, mainly in Guangxi, Hubei, Yunnan, Hunan, Henan, Guizhou, and Guangdong; no grassland fires occurred.