[Global Network Report] "The World Health Organization urges countries to stockpile in response to nuclear emergencies" - the Russian Satellite News Agency reported on this topic on the 28th that the WHO updated its official website on the 27th to respond to radiation and nuclear emergencies The list of medicines recommended for stockpiling, the first since 2007, took more than two years to prepare, WHO spokeswoman Margaret Harris said.
According to the "WHO Updated List of Key Medicines for Radiation and Nuclear Emergencies" published on the WHO official website, these medicine stockpile recommendations include medicines to prevent or reduce the effects of radiation, or to treat damage after exposure to radiation. drug.
"During a radiation emergency, people can be exposed to doses ranging from insignificant to life-threatening. Governments need to provide treatment quickly to those who need it," said Maria Neira, WHO Assistant Director-General for Improving Population Health "Governments must be prepared to protect the health of their people and respond immediately to emergencies. This includes having life-saving medicines on hand to reduce risk and treat injuries caused by radiation," he said.
Radiation and nuclear emergencies may result in exposure to high doses of radiation, which are sufficient to cause serious health consequences and even death, according to the list published on the WHO website.
It is therefore extremely important that Governments respond quickly to such threats.
However, many countries still lack the basic elements to respond to radiation emergencies, according to annual reports to the WHO Secretariat.
Potential situations considered in this update include radiological or nuclear emergencies at nuclear power plants, medical or research facilities, or accidents during the transport of radioactive materials, as well as malicious and intentional use of radioactive materials.
According to the specific content of the list, a typical radiation emergency stockpile includes the following drugs:
Stabilizing iodine, which prevents or reduces the uptake of radioactive iodine by the thyroid gland;
Prussian blue, used to remove radioactive cesium (Cs) and thallium (Tl) from the human body
· Cytokines for attenuating bone marrow damage in case of acute radiation syndrome (ARS)
· Other medicines for vomiting, diarrhea, and infections