[In-depth study, publicity and implementation of the spirit of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China]

  The report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed to "strengthen the construction of security capabilities in key areas to ensure the security of food, energy resources, and supply chains of important industrial chains", and made it clear that ensuring the security of energy resources is an important content of maintaining national security capabilities.

Energy is a scarce resource that maintains the national economy and the people's livelihood, and is an element of national competition.

The world today is undergoing major changes unseen in a century. The global geopolitics, economy, technology, and governance systems are undergoing profound changes. The energy situation will become more complicated. occurrence, prompting profound changes in the international energy landscape.

In order to effectively deal with energy risks, my country should firmly take General Secretary Xi Jinping's important expositions on energy work as the guiding ideology, implement the new energy security strategy of "four revolutions and one cooperation", deeply promote the energy revolution, ensure national energy security, and promote high energy development. quality development.

  Comprehensively guarantee the security of energy supply.

To ensure the security of energy supply, it is necessary not only to improve the supply system of different types of energy, but also to realize the multi-channel supply of energy in space.

Driven by the strategic goals of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, my country is accelerating the pace of replacing fossil energy with non-fossil energy.

Fossil energy has the characteristics of non-renewable, high pollution, and strong stability, while non-fossil energy has the characteristics of renewable, low pollution, intermittent, and volatility.

In the future, my country needs to gradually get rid of its dependence on coal-based fossil energy, and use the two types of energy elements, fossil energy and non-fossil energy, to maximize strengths and avoid weaknesses, complement each other's advantages, adjust surplus and shortage, enrich the supply of different types of energy, and achieve green, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy supply.

In the field of international energy trade, we should firmly expand the interconnection with countries that have already carried out energy trade, and actively expand energy trade cooperation with more countries and regions, unblock energy supply channels, expand the geographical scope of energy supply, and form a diverse, efficient and High-quality energy trade network, "fix", "extend", "strengthen" and "supplement" the supply chain system of the energy industry chain.

  Enhancing energy consumption security in a wide range of areas.

Energy consumption security should be achieved from the two aspects of energy conservation and efficient utilization as well as energy security management.

On the one hand, in the process of implementing the dual control of the total amount and intensity of energy consumption, the extensive energy consumption mode should be changed and the intensive utilization of energy should be promoted.

When deepening the market-oriented reform of energy prices, focus on stabilizing energy prices, preventing their abnormal fluctuations from causing instability in energy consumption, enhancing consumers' rational expectations for energy commodity consumption, increasing the inclusiveness of energy consumption, and ensuring consumption at different income levels Both can continue to consume energy.

On the other hand, correct energy management can not only effectively save energy and improve energy utilization efficiency, but also reduce the negative externalities of energy consumption on the ecological environment and other aspects.

While vigorously advocating energy conservation and efficient utilization in the whole society, publicity and education on correct energy management should be carried out to the public, guide consumers to form correct energy use methods and safe management habits, and prevent incorrect energy consumption and management methods from endangering social facilities , the ecological environment, and the safety of people’s lives and property.

  Carry out energy technology innovation in multiple dimensions.

Constantly realizing energy technology innovation is an important magic weapon to ensure energy security.

With the evolution of the industrial structure, the rapid iteration of energy technology has reduced the cost of energy development and utilization, and promoted the green and low-carbon development of energy.

However, due to the immaturity of energy technology research and development and application, hidden risks still exist in energy development, storage, transmission, consumption and other links.

Therefore, to speed up energy technology innovation, we must not only focus on breakthroughs in the key core technologies that restrict the energy production, supply, marketing and storage industry chain system, but also promote the localization of new energy technologies and realize the reinvention of energy technologies in combination with the energy development and utilization practices across the country. Upgrade and re-innovate.

Further give play to the empowering role of new-generation information technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data, Internet of Things, and blockchain on energy technology innovation, and promote the transformation of energy technology research and development and application to informatization, digitalization, and intelligence.

Increase support for energy storage and distributed energy, smart grid and other energy industry chain technology research and development and application demonstration, and improve the level of safe operation and maintenance and management innovation of energy technology equipment.

  Systematically build an energy governance system.

A modern energy governance system is a concentrated expression of the energy security system.

It is necessary to adhere to the national game of chess in energy allocation, which must not only play an important role in the market mechanism, but also give full play to the role of administrative control, and find a balance between the market-oriented allocation of energy elements and energy security.

Through the overall coordination of market mechanism and administrative control, on the one hand, it will continuously stimulate the vitality of energy companies and improve energy utilization efficiency; on the other hand, it will better motivate energy market players to consciously implement national strategies and assume social responsibilities.

The government can build a high-standard energy market system through innovative energy supervision methods, and further improve the government's functions in planning energy development strategies and overall layout, grasping the total balance of energy development and utilization, optimizing energy market supervision and energy safety supervision.

By deepening the reform of "decentralization, management and service" in the energy field, we will continuously improve the business environment for energy development and utilization, unblock channels for optimal allocation of energy elements, and improve the security and stability of energy services.

  Deepen international energy cooperation.

Extensive international energy cooperation is a solid barrier to prevent and resolve major energy risks.

As the world's largest energy producer and energy consumer, China is an important member of the world's energy structure. It has always practiced the concept of green development, followed the principle of mutual benefit and win-win international cooperation, and strived to achieve energy security under open conditions.

In the future, it is still necessary to further strengthen dialogue and exchanges with the world's energy sector and expand the "circle of friends" for energy investment and trade.

By participating in the construction of international energy cooperation organizations that benefit from each other, actively build rules that are conducive to fair energy cooperation among countries around the world, actively integrate into the vertical and horizontal division of labor system of the global energy industry value chain, and jointly build a global energy supply and demand early warning and supervision platform, joint prevention and control The impact of energy price fluctuations on the transmission of global economic shocks, together to deal with the energy risks and challenges faced by mankind.

  (Author of Guangming Daily: Xie Li, professor of the School of Economics and Trade of Hunan University, director of the "Carbon Peak, Carbon Neutral" Research Center of Hunan University)