The death of Mahsa Amini sparked a wave of protests in mid-September

The cries of the protesters resound throughout Iran... and international support for the demonstrators

  • Demonstration in solidarity with Iranian women in Amsterdam.


  • The demands of the Iranian demonstrators are increasing day by day.



2022 is the year of conflicts erupting... and an attempt to redraw "maps"

It may be a matter of superficiality and ignoring the facts if we consider that 2022 was a normal year, because the events that took place in this year were truly exceptional and affected their consequences and effects, and perhaps their specificity, on the whole world, because some of them were an attempt to redraw maps.Given that the world’s events are many and we cannot go over all of them, we will try to address the most important of them, such as the explosive demonstrations in Iran a few months ago, which shook the Iranian regime from within, and sparked mixed reactions across the world, and the Ukraine war and its economic and geopolitical effects on The countries of the world, especially the European continent, the departure of Queen Elizabeth, who formed a large part of Britain's modern history, and enjoyed great popularity around the world, the visit of the Speaker of the US House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, to Taiwan and the challenge of China, and the visit of President Joe Biden to the Middle East and the responses it provoked. Actions, the visit of Chinese President Xi Jinping to Saudi Arabia and his holding of more than one summit in what can be considered a repositioning of Beijing towards the Middle East, and a reorientation by some Arab countries towards Beijing.

Protests have continued in Iran since mid-September, and the wave of demonstrations sparked by the death of the young woman, Mahsa Amini, entered its fourth month, with a large number of victims falling, the outcome of which differed according to the party that counted it, whether human rights organizations or the Iranian authorities, and the suppression of the demonstrations led to international condemnations, and the imposition of Sanctions against Iranian officials, Iran's expulsion from the United Nations Women's Rights Commission, and day after day increased international support for the protesters, especially from the United States of America and its President Joe Biden, as well as European countries.

The protest movement erupted on September 16, following the death of Amini, a 22-year-old Iranian-Kurdish woman, while she was in the custody of the morality police on charges of "violating the strict dress code" imposed by Tehran on women, and little by little the protesters' demands expanded. From simply conducting an investigation into the cause and how of Amini's death, to abolishing strict hijab laws, and dissolving the morality police that enforce these laws, to chants against Iranian leaders and demands for their ouster.

Challenge the authorities

During the protests, young Iranian women appeared, some of whom took off their headscarves and burned them in defiance of the authorities, according to what the activists documented through video clips that it was often difficult for them to quickly publish or publish high-quality photos, given the disruption of the Internet service at some times, and its extreme slowness at other times. From the beginning of the protest movement until now.

According to a toll reported by the "Human Rights in Iran" organization based in Norway, at least 458 people were killed in the campaign to suppress the demonstrations taking place in Iran, while the Supreme National Security Council in Iran had announced that more than 200 people were killed in acts of violence, including security personnel. .

The United Nations indicates that the number of detainees has reached at least 14,000, and the Iranian judiciary announced that it had issued 11 death sentences in connection with the protests, and two death sentences were carried out by hanging on December 8 and 12, against Mohsen Shakari and Majid Reza Rahnaward (both of them are 23, and they were the first Two people were sentenced to death in connection with the protests), bearing in mind that the latter was hanged on a crane in a public place, not in prison, which sparked outrage.

Execution of protesters

Amnesty International said that at least 26 people face the risk of execution in connection with the protests, and the crackdown on the protests has led to international condemnation, the imposition of sanctions against Iranian officials, and the removal of Iran from the United Nations body concerned with women's rights.

Over the months that the protests continued, Iranians and activists supporting them demonstrated in many European capitals and the United States of America, joining their voices and chants to the demands of the Iranian protesters.

After the start of the wave of protests, US President Joe Biden openly announced his support for the demonstrators in Iran, expressing his amazement at the mass protests in Iran, which is witnessing the largest wave of demonstrations in years.

"I want you to know that we stand with the brave citizens and women of Iran," Biden said during a speech at a college in Irvine, California, last October.

Biden touched on the protests in Iran before delivering his speech in Irvine near Los Angeles, which includes a large community of Iranian origins. Everyone express your opinions.

Liberation of Iran

About three weeks after those statements, the US President surprised those watching the Iranian file with fiery statements, in which he pledged what he described as “the liberation of Iran.” Those statements angered Tehran’s leaders and opened the door wide on the way Washington will deal with the Iranians in the future, according to a report. to Al Hurra channel.

During a speech to voters in the US state of California, Biden pledged to help the Iranian people by saying: “Do not worry, we will liberate Iran,” amid applause from the audience, before realizing that “the citizens of Iran will liberate themselves very soon.”

On the other hand, Biden's statements angered Tehran's leaders, led by Iranian President Ibrahim Raisi, who confirmed that his country was liberated from the United States 43 years ago, and later the White House issued a clarification regarding Biden's statements, and White House national security spokesman John Kirby said, President Joe Biden was expressing his solidarity with the protesters in Iran, by saying in front of a crowd of his supporters, "We will liberate Iran."

And US support for Iranian protesters did not depend only on Biden's statements, but the Biden administration expanded allowing American technology companies to provide Iranians inside the country with access to certain tools that help them communicate with each other amid one of the worst Internet shutdowns in Iran's history in terms of breadth and scope.

Alternative Internet

The Biden administration discussed with US billionaire Elon Musk, owner of SpaceX, ways to provide satellite internet in Iran, through the “Star Link” service, and the United States announced the imposition of economic sanctions on Iranian officials, for their role in suppressing the demonstrations sparked by the death of the young woman, Mahsa Amini.

During mid-December, the European Union imposed new sanctions on Iran against the backdrop of suppressing the protests, and included officials in the Iranian Radio and Television Corporation, and leaders in the army and the “Revolutionary Guard”, a step that the Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs responded to, saying that it was “unacceptable and baseless.” She added, "The Iranian police and security forces have tried to control the outbreak of violence, according to very precise and specific rules of conduct, while respecting human rights and the rights of every individual."

Despite the justifications made by the Iranian authorities and their condemnation of the European steps in support of the demonstrators, European calls came to impose more sanctions against Tehran, and parliamentarians and prominent government officials in the Netherlands expressed their support for the imposition of tougher sanctions, and a proposal in Parliament called for adding 227 members of the Iranian parliament to European Union sanctions list against Tehran, and called for tightening the ban on Iran, with regard to dual-use products, which it can employ for both military and civilian purposes.

And while Iranian leaders accuse the United States and other Western powers of being responsible for the outbreak of the crisis, a narrative that many Iranians do not believe, all these developments coincide with the decline in the possibility of reaching a new nuclear agreement with Tehran, in light of the stalemate in the indirect talks between Tehran and Washington. regarding the revival of the agreement.

• Throughout the months that the protests continued, Iranians and activists supporting them demonstrated in many European capitals and the United States of America, joining their voices and chants to the demands of the Iranian protesters.

• The Biden administration discussed with the American billionaire Elon Musk, the owner of the "SpaceX" company, ways to provide satellite internet in Iran, through the "Star Link" service, and the United States announced the imposition of economic sanctions on Iranian officials, for their role in suppressing the demonstrations sparked by the death of the young woman Mahsa Amini.

• The suppression of the protests led to international condemnation and the removal of Iran from the United Nations body concerned with women's rights.

• Biden openly announced his support for the Iranian demonstrators.. and European calls for tougher sanctions against Tehran.

Controversy over the cause of death of Mahsa Amini

The reason announced by the Iranian authorities about the death of the young woman, Mahsa Amini, prompted the protesters to continue their demonstrations, not convinced that the young woman had died due to a previous medical condition, in light of her family's confirmation that she was severely beaten, and that she was in a coma before her death.

And the Iranian authorities announced that the young woman, Mahsa Amini, died as a result of the repercussions of a previous medical condition, and not because she was beaten. brain at the age of eight.

The authority indicated that “the operation that took place to remove the tumor led to Amini suffering disorders in the hypothalamic-pituitary axis and a number of glands associated with it, including the thyroid gland.” Iranian official media published the report of the forensic medicine authority, which confirmed that it was based on hospital records and cross-sectional images. For the head and lungs anatomy.

On the other hand, Amini's family rejected what the Iranian authorities announced about the cause of the death of the Kurdish young woman, and filed a complaint against the police officers involved in the case, saying that the late woman died as a result of a "strong blow to the head."

Mahsa Amini's family confirmed that she was severely beaten before her death.


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