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DRC, Mali, Chad, Burkina… these African crises that concern the OIF

French President Emmanuel Macron surrounded by OIF Secretary General Louise Mushikiwabo and Tunisian President Kaïs Saied during the opening of the 18th Francophonie summit in Djerba on November 19, 2022. AP - Hassene Dridi

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3 mins

This is a document that the International Organization of La Francophonie (OIF) wishes to keep confidential for the time being: the Resolution on crisis situations, crisis resolution and peacebuilding in the French-speaking world.

The text was adopted at the end of the 18ᵉ Francophonie Summit, organized on November 19 and 20 in Djerba, Tunisia, in the presence of the Heads of State and Government of the Member States.

Exclusively for RFI, Clémentine Pawlotsky, from the Africa service, was able to consult this 7-page document.

It deals with the various crises and conflicts that preoccupy the Francophonie, particularly on the African continent.



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Among the theaters of crisis mentioned in this document: the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The Member States of La Francophonie condemn " 

the resurgence of violence committed against civilians, institutions and Monusco... by the M23... and the many armed groups that have remained active there for several years


They also condemn " 

strongly any support given to these groups

 ", without however mentioning any entity or country, and recall that this violence "  primarily

affects women and children


The OIF points, among other things, to the responsibility of the FAMa in Mali 

Another country of concern to the Francophonie: Mali, subject to two coups condemned by the OIF, that of August 18, 2020 and that of May 24, 2021. Member States say they are concerned "

 in the face of the rapid deterioration of the security situation 


They point to a "

significant increase in violations and abuses of human rights 

" and deplore " 

the multiplication of abuses committed against civilian populations by all the armed groups and forces present, in particular by armed extremist groups and by the Malian defense and security forces accompanied by foreign military personnel 

”, all in a context of “

 persistent impunity


The OIF condemns the "disproportionate" use in Chad, urges the return to constitutional order in Burkina

The resolution also returns to “Black Thursday” in Chad.

The Member States of La Francophonie strongly condemn " 

the disproportionate use of force against civilians during the demonstrations

 " of October 20th.  

It is also about the military coup of January 24, 2022 in Burkina Faso and "

 the new seizure of power by force, perpetrated on September 30, 2022 by part of the army 


On this point, La Francophonie urges "

 the transitional authorities to do everything possible to create the conditions for a rapid return to constitutional and democratic order within a maximum period of 24 months from July 1, 2022 


The OIF also discusses the situation in Guinea

Finally, the document does not fail to mention the putsch of September 5, 2021, carried out in Guinea, by CNRD officers.

La Francophonie also deplores “ 

the arrest of political and civil society figures in recent weeks, as well as the violence that took place during demonstrations 


In this document, the OIF reaffirms its attachment to the “ 

values ​​of peace and solidarity 

” and to “ 

fundamental rights and freedoms


The organization also recalls its commitments “ 

to do everything possible to prevent crisis and conflict situations 

” (…) “ 

to facilitate their peaceful settlement 

” or even “ 

to respect human rights, essential conditions for improvement of peace and security within the French-speaking world



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  • Francophonie

  • mali

  • Burkina Faso

  • Guinea

  • ground floor