China News Service, Beijing, September 29 (Liu Huan) The construction of laws and regulations in the field of ecological environment has always been widely concerned by the society.

How is the Eco-Environmental Code going?

The Yangtze River Protection Law has been implemented, when will the Yellow River protection be enacted?

In the past ten years, what achievements have been made in the construction of the rule of law in my country's ecological environment?

  On the 28th, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment held a press conference on the revision of ecological environment laws, regulations and standards to answer relevant questions.

Reconstruction, remodeling, reform, and the construction of the ecological environment and the rule of law have achieved remarkable results

  "In the past decade, the ecological and environmental legal system has been reconstructed, and the ecological and environmental institutional system has been reshaped. This is the decade in which my country's ecological and environmental legal construction has achieved the most significant performance." Bie Tao, director of the Department of Regulations and Standards of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, said at the press conference. Introduces my country's work in the field of ecological environment law in recent years:

  In terms of ecological environment legislation, first, through strengthening environmental legislation, implementing the deployment of the central ecological civilization reform, and promoting a number of ecological civilization and ecological environmental protection reform measures to become laws, such as the reform of pollution discharge permits.

  Second, according to the general requirements of ecological civilization construction, the national-level ecological and environmental protection laws have been comprehensively reconstructed.

There are 293 valid laws in my country, and more than 30 laws in the field of environmental resources.

Among them, there are 16 currently valid laws implemented by the ecological environment department.

  Third, the construction of intra-party regulations in the field of ecological and environmental protection is very active.

  The fourth is to encourage and guide local governments to try first, and a batch of local legislative achievements that reflect local characteristics and conform to local laws have been formed. Environmental Protection Regulations.

  Fifth, by strengthening coordination and cooperation with judicial organs, we will promote the introduction of a series of important judicial interpretations and policies, including more than 20 judicial interpretations on pollution crimes and environmental public interest litigation rules.

(Photo by Liu Huan at the press conference)

  In terms of ecological and environmental standards, benchmarks, and health, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment has led the strategic transformation of environmental management by exerting standards, forced the optimization and upgrading of the industrial structure, and promoted the integration of health risk prevention and control into the main position of ecological and environmental management.

  It is understood that at present, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment has formulated and organized the implementation of the National Environmental Protection, Environment and Health Work Measures, 3 five-year plans related to environmental health, issued 14 technical specifications such as on-site investigation, exposure assessment and risk assessment, and accelerated the construction of Environmental benchmarking management and technical system.

  In addition, progress has also been made in the construction of a rule of law government, the reform of the ecological environment damage compensation system, and the popularization of laws. List of legal responsibilities, etc.

Ecological environment code, Yellow River protection, carbon emission... How is the construction of these laws and regulations progressing?

  In April 2021, the 2021 Legislative Work Plan of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress was announced, proposing to start the code compilation work in the administrative and legislative fields where conditions are ripe, such as the Environmental Code and the Education Code.

  Bie Tao said at the meeting that the Ministry of Ecology and Environment is currently organizing preliminary basic research work, such as systematically sorting out current ecological and environmental protection laws and regulations, analyzing and researching institutional measures and norms, and collecting and summarizing the needs and opinions of experts and scholars for environmental code compilation. , to understand the legislative precedents and examples of foreign environmental codes.

  "We expect that the environmental code will be put on the right track as soon as possible, and it will be researched and introduced as soon as possible," he said.

  This year's second-examination draft of the Yellow River Protection Law was submitted to the 35th meeting of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for deliberation. Zhao Ke, deputy director of the Department of Regulations and Standards of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, said: "The Yellow River protection legislation is our highest legislative body after the Yangtze River Protection Law. Another important watershed legislation by the organization."

  He introduced that according to the arrangement of the legislative work, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment has conducted special researches, such as pollution prevention and control system, watershed planning system, etc., focusing on promoting the determination of planning and management system, and the protection and restoration system integrating water, forest, farmland, lake, grass, sand and ice. , three types of systems for pollution prevention and control.

(Data map: aerial photography of the Qingtongxia section of the Yellow River in Ningxia, China News Agency, photo by Yang Lingran)

  In addition, with regard to the field of carbon emissions that the society is concerned about, Bie Tao introduced the research ideas for the legislation of carbon emissions trading management:

  First, legislation should establish the basic system of carbon emission trading management, including clear coverage of the types of greenhouse gases and the scope of the industry.

  Second, it is necessary to clarify the conditions of key emission units and the procedures for publishing adjustments.

  The third is to clarify the principles and procedures for the allocation of carbon emission allowances.

It is necessary to improve the carbon emission rights quota system, establish a reporting and verification system for greenhouse gas emissions, and clarify the time limit for the payment of quotas.

Carry out a clean-up of ecological and environmental protection laws and regulations, and explore the reform of the ecological environment damage compensation system

  In recent years, in accordance with the requirements of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the State Council and the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment has carried out several rounds of cleaning up of regulations and normative documents.

  Based on the consideration of law enforcement entities, departmental regulations and normative documents, Bie Tao said that since 2018, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment has successively issued four batches of decisions to abolish and revise some ecological and environmental protection regulations and normative documents.

(Data picture: The picture shows the aerial photography of Qinghai Lake by Ma Mingyan)

  In addition, Bie Tao also listed the progress made in the pilot and trial implementation of the reform of the ecological environment damage compensation system, including incorporating ecological environment damage compensation into national laws and local legislation, strengthening inspection, scheduling and supervision of inspectors, and continuing to explore local supporting systems.

  Regarding the compensation for ecological and environmental damage, he added that by the end of 2021, a total of 11,300 cases have been handled nationwide, involving a compensation amount of more than 11.7 billion yuan.

  "These compensations are used to promote the restoration of more than 37 million cubic meters of soil, 1.16 million cubic meters of groundwater, 370 million cubic meters of surface water, 60 million square meters of forest land, 2.13 million square meters of farmland, and 90 million tons of solid waste." (End )