The autumn colors are thick in the blink of an eye, and it is the autumn harvest season for rice yellow crab fat.

The fifth Chinese farmers' harvest festival has just passed, and the national autumn grain harvest has also entered its peak period, and the main producing areas have a bumper harvest in sight.

Nearly 300 million mu of autumn grain has been harvested this year

  Data from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs shows that by the autumn equinox on September 23, 267 million mu of autumn grain had been harvested across the country, more than 20%.

Among them, more than 60% of the harvest in the southwest region, over 30% in South China and the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, over 20% in the northwest region, and the Huanghuaihai and Northeast regions began to harvest.

  In my country, grain production is mainly composed of summer grain and autumn grain. Summer grain is mainly wheat, accounting for about 30% of the annual grain output. The main production areas are mainly in Huanghuaihai, Northwest China and other places.

Autumn grain accounts for about 70% of the annual grain production, with more varieties. There is corn with the largest planting area and more than 600 million mu are planted every year; one of the two major rations, about 450 million mu of rice is planted every year; there are more than 150 million Mu of beans, more than 100 million mu of potatoes...

A county has invested more than 10 million yuan in agricultural drought resistance

  Agriculture is a cyclical production industry. Planting in spring and cultivating in summer, harvesting in autumn and storing in winter are indispensable for every day's growth, all of which are accumulating the foundation and foundation for the ultimate harvest.

But equally, every day, there are also countless risks.

Therefore, every year's grain production has to overcome countless difficulties, and every bumper harvest is an amazing report card.

  This is especially true in 2022. The global epidemic has not yet ended, and regional conflicts are still ongoing. The state and pattern of international grain circulation are undergoing dramatic changes. China, which imports more than 160 million tons of grain, is also affected.

Customs data shows that in the first eight months of this year, the amount of grain imported into my country decreased by 9.9% year-on-year, but the average import price per ton increased by 25.1% year-on-year.

  As serious as the impact of the global epidemic, there are extreme climates.

The autumn flood in the north in 2021 will cause 110 million mu of winter wheat to be sown late.

The global drought in 2022 will last from spring to summer, expand from South America to the South Asian subcontinent, and then cross the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau into southern China, turning the water towns in the south of the Yangtze River with dense rivers and dense water networks into a dry area for thousands of miles.

  But we are still working hard for a bumper harvest. When the autumn flood occurs in 2021, in the fields of the northern land, agricultural science and technology workers go to the fields and work with farmers to find ways to relieve disasters.

When the drought hits the south in 2022, they once again rushed to the front line and paid great hardships for the growth and harvest of every grain of grain.

  Investments are also increasing.

A reporter from the Beijing News learned that taking this year's drought resistance as an example, in the southern grain production area, a county invested more than 10 million yuan in drought resistance.

This is still a temporary investment, as well as long-term investment in agricultural infrastructure, agricultural technology research, agricultural machinery research and development, and agricultural industry promotion every year.

The data shows that by 2022, my country's agricultural mechanization rate will exceed 72%, the autonomy rate of the two major rations will be 100%, and the high-standard farmland will reach 1 billion mu by the end of this year... "We can already ensure the country's drought and flood to a certain extent. ” said an expert from the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences.

Autumn grain acquisition will stick to the bottom line of serving farmers

  The hard work has paid off, and the festival has been truly festive.

On the autumn equinox on September 23, the main venue of the 2022 China Farmers Harvest Festival kicked off at the China Tianfu Agricultural Expo Park in Chengdu, Sichuan.

This time, the main venue of the Harvest Festival has truly been held in the fields. There are 3,000 mu of high-standard farmland in the core area of ​​the park.

This is the fifth harvest festival for Chinese farmers since the establishment of the festival. On the basis of the bumper harvest of summer grains laying the foundation for a bumper harvest of grain throughout the year, the theme of the festival is "Celebrating the harvest and welcoming the grand meeting" to further promote the custom of harvest festivals. .

  Along with the bumper harvest process, the acquisition of autumn grains has also started simultaneously.

It is reported that this year, the state will continue to implement the minimum purchase price policy for middle and late rice in the main producing areas.

The State Bureau of Grain and Material Reserves has previously stated that it is expected that the purchase volume of this autumn grain peak season will be about 185 million tons, which is roughly the same as the annual level. The bottom line of 'Growing and Selling'."

【Field Essays】

  Why is this year's harvest so critical?

  The harvest festival that just passed, many people in the city did not pay much attention to it. After all, it is the fifth harvest festival, and I am afraid it is also the nineteenth consecutive harvest year in China, which is "common".

However, this year's harvest celebration is particularly critical and significant.

  The key point is not only that the festival has created a good atmosphere for the urban and rural areas to celebrate a bumper harvest and celebrate the victory of the 20th Party Congress.

From an internal perspective, last year's floods and late planting of grains, this year's severe drought in many southern provinces, coupled with pests and diseases and the new crown epidemic, make it even more difficult to harvest.

From the outside, war is raging, inflation is spreading, and many grain-producing countries restrict exports. We must hold our jobs.

At this moment, only by maintaining the "ballast stone" of food security can we further enhance the confidence and determination of the whole society to overcome risks and challenges, and make the road to comprehensively promote rural revitalization wider and more vigorous.

  "The Greatest Man of the Country", I hereby say that General Secretary Xi Jinping has extended holiday congratulations and sincere condolences to the farmers and comrades working on the agriculture, rural areas and farmers across the country for five consecutive years.

This is also a real harvest.

After the autumn grain harvest season, reporters from the Beijing News ran from north to south to check the dry area, dry land, saline-alkali land, black land, agricultural heritage area, and soybean expansion area. the joy of the harvest.

I can't help but think of Academician Qian Qian's soft sigh to reporters in the fields when he was guiding the drought relief in the Yangtze River Basin in August: Today's China is no longer an era of relying entirely on heaven.

  There has never been an easy harvest. Today's "common" harvest in China is backed by institutional guarantees, technological blessings, and the sweat of countless people.

And this year's harvest is extraordinarily difficult and remarkable. What this harvest festival shows to the Chinese people is not so much a joy as it conveys a "sense of security" - there is grain in hand, and there is no panic in the heart.

  Could there be a more crucial and remarkable harvest than this year?

Yes, next year.

The food security of a big country never dares and cannot be slackened. The great thing is that the whole country attaches great importance to and defends the food security system.

Beijing News reporter Zhou Huaizong

【Harvest Route Map】


  August 22

  Since late July, the rapid development of drought in the southern region, superimposed by high temperature and heat damage, has posed a serious threat to autumn grain production, and the situation of agricultural drought resistance and disaster reduction is extremely severe.

On August 22, the four departments of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Ministry of Water Resources, the Ministry of Emergency Management, and the China Meteorological Administration jointly issued the "On Deeply Implementing the Spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's Important Instructions and Doing a Good Job in Resisting High Temperature, Heat Damage, Drought, and Harvesting Autumn Grain." The Circular requires relevant regions to deeply understand the significance of fighting high temperature, heat and drought and securing a bumper harvest of autumn grains to the overall economic and social development, resolutely shoulder the political responsibility of ensuring national food security, and do a good job in disaster prevention and mitigation without slackening. Going to win the battle against high temperature, heat damage and drought to secure a bumper harvest of autumn grains.


  September 6

  The agricultural situation dispatch shows that since August 25, the high temperature in the southern region has subsided, and there have been multiple rounds of rainfall. In addition, the drought has been alleviated by active drought-fighting and watering in various places, which is also conducive to the post-disaster recovery and yield formation of autumn crops.

After entering September, crops such as corn, soybean and medium rice generally entered the period of grain filling and maturity, and the autumn grains in most parts of the country were growing well.


  September 18

  According to the agricultural situation dispatch of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, as of the 18th, the national autumn grain harvest exceeded 170 million mu, with a progress of 13.3%.

Among them, more than half of the harvest was harvested in the southwest region; 20% in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and southern China; more than 10% in the northwest region; and sporadic harvesting in the northeast and the Huanghuaihai region.


  late September

  Large-scale harvesting of autumn grains across the country has been launched one after another. It is estimated that during the "Three Autumns" this year, various agricultural machinery will be invested in various regions to reach 30 million units (sets), and the machine yields of rice, corn, and soybeans will exceed 94%, 80%, and 82%, respectively. Machine-sowing wheat The rate of growth has exceeded 93%, and the level of mechanization of rape planting and harvesting of major crops such as potatoes, peanuts, cotton, and sugarcane has been further improved.


  September 23

  The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs held a three-autumn agricultural production promotion meeting, introducing that most of the autumn grains in the north have entered the mature stage, and the double-cropping late rice in the south is heading and blooming.

The meeting demanded that we should not relax and manage the autumn harvest well, and go all out to stabilize wheat and expand rapeseed.

At the same time, the meeting emphasized that the Party and the government should take the same responsibility for food security, conscientiously consolidate the responsibility, do a good job in autumn and winter planting, and ensure that the sown area of ​​winter wheat will only increase and not decrease.

  Beijing News reporter Tian Jiexiong