China News Service, Beijing, August 18 (Reporter Sun Zifa) How to use technology to support the implementation of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality?

The "Science and Technology Support" jointly researched and formulated by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, the Ministry of Transport, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and the National Energy Administration The Carbon Neutralization Implementation Plan (2022-2030)" was announced on the 18th, clearly proposing ten major actions, including technological support for energy green and low-carbon transformation, and technological breakthroughs in low-carbon and zero-carbon industrial process reengineering.

  Through this implementation plan, China hopes to achieve major breakthroughs in key low-carbon core technologies in key industries and fields by 2025, support a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) by 18% compared with 2020, and a reduction in energy consumption per unit of GDP compared with 2020 13.5%; by 2030, further research and break through a batch of carbon neutral frontier and disruptive technologies, form a batch of low-carbon technology solutions and comprehensive demonstration projects with significant influence, and establish a more complete green and low-carbon technology innovation system, Strong support for the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by more than 65% compared with 2005, and the continuous and substantial decline in energy consumption per unit of GDP.

  The ten specific actions and key tasks of the newly released science and technology to support the implementation of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality are:

  ——Technological support action for energy green and low-carbon transformation.

Focusing on the strategic tasks of national energy development, based on the resource endowment dominated by coal, focus on the clean and efficient utilization of coal, increase the consumption capacity of new energy, promote the optimal combination of coal and new energy, ensure national energy security and reduce carbon emissions, which is the lowest in China. The top priority of carbon technology innovation.

Give full play to the national strategic scientific and technological strength and the role of various innovation entities, further promote cross-professional and cross-field in-depth collaboration, integrated innovation, and build an energy technology innovation system that adapts to the goal of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality.

In response to the urgent needs of green and low-carbon transformation of energy, strengthen basic, original, and disruptive technology research, for clean and efficient utilization of coal, new energy grid-connected consumption, efficient utilization of renewable energy, and coal-based clean fuels and bulk chemicals, etc. Provide technical support.

By 2030, the independent innovation capability of energy technology will be greatly improved, the orderly replacement of fossil energy will be promoted, and the green, low-carbon, safe and efficient transformation of energy will be promoted.

  ——Low-carbon and zero-carbon industrial process reengineering technology breakthrough actions.

In response to the green and low-carbon development needs of key industrial industries such as iron and steel, cement, chemicals, and non-ferrous metals, the core is the substitution of raw materials and fuels, short-process manufacturing, and low-carbon technology integration and coupling optimization, and deep integration of big data, artificial intelligence, fifth-generation mobile communications, etc. Emerging technologies leading the zero- and low-carbon reengineering and digital transformation of high-carbon industrial processes.

Aiming at reducing carbon emissions throughout the life cycle of products, strengthening the production of high-quality industrial products and the research and development of key technologies for circular economy, and accelerating cross-departmental and cross-domain low-carbon and zero-carbon integration innovation.

By 2030, a batch of scientific and technological achievements will be formed to support the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions in the crude steel, cement, chemical, and non-ferrous metal industries, and the large-scale industrial application of low-carbon process reengineering technology will be realized.

  ——Research on low-carbon and zero-carbon technologies in urban and rural construction and transportation.

Focusing on the goals of green and low-carbon transformation in urban and rural construction and transportation, focusing on decarbonization, emission reduction and energy conservation and efficiency enhancement, vigorously promote the research and development and demonstration applications of low-carbon and zero-carbon technologies.

Promote the research on green and low-carbon technology systems in the construction and operation of green and low-carbon cities, villages, and communities, accelerate breakthroughs in high-efficiency and energy-saving technologies for buildings, and establish new building energy systems.

Carry out research and integrated application demonstration of building components, exterior wall insulation, decoration durability and exterior wall safety technology, strengthen the research and development of key technologies for building demolition and reuse, and make breakthroughs in green and low-carbon building materials, light storage and direct flexibility, building electrification, thermal and power synergy, Intelligent construction and other key technologies will promote the improvement of building energy conservation and carbon reduction standards and the whole process of carbon reduction.

By 2030, major breakthroughs will be made in building energy conservation and carbon reduction technologies, the carbon emissions of new buildings will be greatly reduced with the support of science and technology, and the replacement rate of renewable energy in urban buildings will be significantly improved.

  Make breakthroughs in key technologies such as fossil energy-driven transportation equipment carbon reduction, non-fossil energy substitution, and self-consistent energy systems for transportation infrastructure, accelerate the construction of digital transportation infrastructure, and promote energy efficiency management and improvement in transportation systems, as well as synergistic efficiency and advanced Technology research and development such as traffic control and management, and the integrated development of new and traditional forms of urban transportation will promote the greening, electrification and intelligence of the transportation sector.

Strive to achieve major breakthroughs in key technologies such as power batteries, drive motors, and vehicle operating systems by 2030, comprehensively improve the safety level of new energy vehicles, and significantly reduce the average power consumption of new pure electric passenger vehicles; technology supports energy consumption intensity per unit turnover The comprehensive energy consumption intensity of railways and railways continued to decline.

  ——Action to improve the technical capacity of carbon-negative and non-carbon dioxide greenhouse gas emission reduction.

Focusing on the research and development needs of carbon-negative technology under the vision of carbon neutrality, efforts are made to improve the innovation capability of carbon-negative technology.

Focusing on the energy efficiency improvement and cost reduction of the carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) technology in the whole life cycle, currently focusing on the carbon dioxide capture and utilization technology, the research and development and demonstration of the deep coupling technology of CCUS and the industrial process are carried out; Research and development of engineering technology for the integration of large CCUS and clean energy, carry out research on mineralization storage, onshore and marine geological storage technology, and strive to achieve a 20% reduction in energy consumption per unit of carbon dioxide capture by 2025 compared with 2020, and a 30% reduction by 2030. A substantial reduction in capture cost is achieved.

Strengthen the research and development of climate change causes and impacts, terrestrial and marine ecosystem carbon sink accounting technologies and standards, make breakthroughs in ecosystem stability and persistent increase in sink technology, propose a spatial pattern of ecosystem carbon sink potential, and promote the improvement of ecosystem carbon sink capacity.

Strengthen the monitoring and reduction of non-carbon dioxide greenhouse gases such as methane, nitrous oxide and fluorine-containing gases and research and development of alternative technologies and standards to support the reduction of non-carbon dioxide greenhouse gas emissions.

  ——Frontier disruptive low-carbon technology innovation actions.

Facing the national carbon peak carbon neutrality goal and the international carbon emission reduction technology frontier, strengthen cutting-edge and disruptive low-carbon technology innovation.

Focusing on the goal of driving industrial change, focusing on the latest breakthroughs in basic research in key directions such as new energy development, carbon dioxide capture and utilization, and cutting-edge energy storage, strengthening the integration of disciplines, and accelerating the establishment and improvement of the national goal of peaking carbon and carbon neutrality. The scientific spirit and the research model that plays the role of the main body of enterprise innovation, accelerate the cultivation of disruptive technological innovation paths, and lead the iterative upgrading of industrial and economic development methods.

Establish an early warning mechanism for the prediction, discovery and evaluation of cutting-edge and disruptive technologies, and regularly update the research and deployment of carbon-neutral cutting-edge disruptive technologies.

  - Demonstration actions for low-carbon and zero-carbon technologies.

With the goal of promoting the transfer and transformation of achievements, carry out a number of typical low-carbon and zero-carbon technology application demonstrations, and build 50 different types of key low-carbon and zero-carbon technology application demonstration projects by 2030, forming a number of advanced technologies and standards-led energy conservation and carbon reduction Comprehensive technical solutions.

In places with good basic conditions and positive will, carry out cross-industry and cross-field coupling optimization and comprehensive integration of a variety of low-carbon and zero-carbon technologies, and carry out collaborative innovation in management policies.

Strengthen the construction of a service system for the transformation of scientific and technological achievements, combine the national green technology promotion catalogue and the national green technology trading center and other platform networks, comprehensively improve the transformation capacity of low-carbon and zero-carbon technological achievements, and promote the transfer and transformation of low-carbon and zero-carbon technologies.

Improve the low-carbon and zero-carbon technical standard system, strengthen the research and formulation of cutting-edge low-carbon and zero-carbon technical standards, and promote the research and development and demonstration applications of low-carbon and zero-carbon technologies.

  ——Carbon peak carbon neutral management decision-making support action.

Research on major issues such as the interaction and regularity between the national carbon peaking and carbon neutrality goals and domestic economic and social development.

Carry out carbon emission reduction technology prediction and assessment, and propose carbon peaking and carbon neutral technology support systems for different industries.

Strengthen the support and guarantee of scientific and technological innovation for carbon emission monitoring, measurement, verification, accounting, certification, evaluation, supervision, and the construction of technical systems and standard systems for carbon sinks, and provide decision support for the national carbon peaking and carbon neutralization work.

Study China's dynamic plans for participating in global climate governance and key issues in its implementation, and support China's in-depth participation in global climate governance and the formulation of related rules and standards.

  ——Carbon Dafeng carbon neutral innovation projects, bases and talents synergistic actions.

Facing the target demand of carbon peak and carbon neutrality, the national science and technology plan focuses on strengthening the systematic deployment of low-carbon technology innovation, promotes the construction of national green and low-carbon innovation bases and personnel training, strengthens the coordination of projects, bases and talents, and promotes the establishment of carbon peak and carbon neutral. Cooperate with the Industry-Education Integration Development Alliance to promote the construction of an open source system for low-carbon technologies, and enhance the innovation-driven synergy and the overall efficiency of the innovation system.

Establish a central government financial science and technology funding support mechanism for carbon-neutral scientific and technological innovation, guide the joint investment of local, enterprise and social capital, and support the implementation of key core technology research and development projects and major demonstration projects.

Continue to strengthen the overall layout of national key laboratories and national technology innovation centers in the carbon neutral field, optimize the platform system of national science and technology innovation bases in the carbon neutral field, cultivate and strengthen national strategic scientific and technological forces in the green and low-carbon field, and strengthen scientific research Educating people.

Facing the long-term needs of the talent team, cultivate and develop strategic scientists, scientific and technological leaders and innovative teams, young talents and innovative and entrepreneurial talents in the field of carbon neutrality, and establish a sustainable talent team oriented to achieve the goal of carbon neutrality.

  ——Cultivation and service actions of green and low-carbon technology enterprises.

Accelerate the improvement of the green and low-carbon technology business incubation service system, and optimize the innovation and entrepreneurship ecology in the carbon-peak and carbon-neutral field.

Select and support about 500 low-carbon technology innovation enterprises, and cultivate a group of low-carbon technology leaders.

Support science and technology enterprises to actively preside over and participate in national science and technology plan projects, and accelerate the improvement of enterprises' low-carbon technology innovation capabilities.

Improve low-carbon technology intellectual property service capabilities, establish a low-carbon technology verification service platform, and provide services and support for enterprises to carry out green and low-carbon technology innovation.

Relying on the national high-tech zone, build a green and low-carbon technology enterprise gathering area, and promote the cluster development of green and low-carbon industries.

  ——Carbon Dafeng Carbon Neutral Science and Technology Innovation International Cooperation Action.

Focusing on realizing the vision and consensus of global carbon neutrality, we will continue to deepen international cooperation in the field of low-carbon technological innovation, and support the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.

Deeply participate in global green and low-carbon innovation cooperation, expand green and low-carbon innovation cooperation with relevant countries and influential bilateral and multilateral mechanisms, organize and implement carbon-neutral international scientific and technological innovation cooperation plans, and support the construction of regional low-carbon international organizations and green Low-carbon technology international cooperation platform, fully participate in the multilateral mechanism of clean energy, carry out in-depth international cooperation in carbon-peak carbon-neutral technology research and development and demonstration under the framework of the "Belt and Road" scientific and technological innovation action plan, and discuss launching an international forum on carbon-neutral technology innovation.

Launch international major scientific programs in related fields in a timely manner.

Actively play the effective role of Hong Kong and Macau scientists in international cooperation in low-carbon innovation.

  The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Science and Technology said that the Ministry will ensure the implementation of the "Science and Technology Support Carbon Peak Carbon Neutralization Implementation Plan (2022-2030)" through three aspects: First, strengthen mechanism guarantees and establish "double carbon" (ie Carbon Peak Carbon Neutral) Inter-ministerial Coordination Mechanism for Science and Technology Innovation and the National Carbon Neutral Science and Technology Expert Committee, and at the same time continue to promote the reform of scientific research systems and mechanisms, release innovation vitality, and create an innovation environment suitable for the development of Carbon Peak and carbon neutral science and technology.

The second is to strengthen the tracking and monitoring of carbon-neutral technologies, focusing on the investment in R&D and application of carbon-neutral technologies, and promoting technology optimization and iteration through the scientific and technological assessment and evaluation mechanism.

The third is to strengthen the protection of property rights of technological achievements, promote and improve the construction of national laws and regulations related to intellectual property rights in science and technology, and promote the establishment of low-carbon technology infringement information records and incorporate them into the national public credit sharing platform.