China News Service, June 29. According to the website of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the relevant person in charge of the Solid Waste and Chemicals Department of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment introduced on the 29th that from the recent dispatching situation, the medical waste disposal situation in medium and high-risk areas across the country is stable and orderly. Over the past three months, the average daily load rate of medical waste disposal facilities in cities (states) and municipalities involving medium and high-risk areas across the country has been lower than 90%, of which 97% of the regions are lower than 80%, and 66% of the regions are lower than 50%. %.
All medical wastes are properly disposed of, and medical wastes related to epidemics are cleaned up by Nissan.
Recently, the relevant person in charge of the Department of Solid Waste and Chemicals of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment answered questions from reporters on the generation, disposal capacity and actual disposal of medical waste in the country under the epidemic situation.
Q: How is medical waste classified and how is it produced?
Answer: Medical waste (hereinafter referred to as "medical waste") is classified as hazardous waste, which refers to wastes with direct or indirect infectivity, toxicity and other hazards generated by medical and health institutions in medical treatment, prevention, health care and other related activities, including There are five categories of infectious waste, damaging waste, pathological waste, chemical waste and pharmaceutical waste.
Medical waste (usually referred to as "epidemic-related medical waste") generated during treatment, isolation, observation, diagnosis and related activities of COVID-19 patients and suspected patients in designated hospitals, fever clinics and other places is highly contagious, and it is more contagious than ordinary medical waste. stricter management measures.
In addition, in places that require strict management outside the medical institution (such as closed control communities, isolated hotels, etc.), the domestic waste generated by the positive nucleic acid test, close contacts, close contacts, etc., and the protective equipment used by the staff, as well as the nucleic acid test generated Refer to medical waste management for medical waste.
In 2021, a total of 1.4 million tons of medical waste will be generated nationwide (including 201,000 tons of epidemic-related medical waste), an increase of 18.6% and 11.1% over 2019 and 2020, respectively.
Q: What is the current level of the national medical waste disposal capacity?
A: In recent years, all localities have gradually improved their medical waste disposal capacity.
Since the outbreak of COVID-19, local governments have accelerated the construction of centralized disposal facilities and stockpiled a large number of collaborative emergency disposal facilities, greatly improving my country's medical waste disposal capacity.
By the end of 2021, there were 540 centralized medical waste disposal units across the country, with a centralized disposal capacity of 2.15 million tons per year, 39% higher than before the epidemic (end of 2019).
In general, the ratio of the approved routine disposal capacity of medical waste to the amount of medical waste generated in various regions is 1.5 times the national average. Among them, 18 provinces are higher than the average, and the other 13 provinces that are lower than the average have centralized disposal capacity. Exceeds the amount generated; by extending the working hours of facilities and enabling backup facilities, the ratio of the improved local medical waste disposal capacity to the medical waste generation is 1.9 times the national average, of which 19 provinces are higher than the average, and other The 12 provinces that are lower than the average have a centralized disposal capacity that is more than 1.2 times their output.
In addition, all localities have also reserved sufficient emergency disposal capacity (including backup facilities, as well as collaborative emergency disposal facilities such as hazardous waste incinerators and domestic waste incinerators), which can be activated at any time to ensure emergency disposal.
The national medical waste disposal capacity is generally sufficient.
It is estimated that about 5 tons of nucleic acid testing waste will be generated for every 1 million people participating in nucleic acid testing. The existing routine and emergency disposal capacity of medical waste can meet the needs of medical waste disposal including nucleic acid testing waste.
Q: What is the status of medical waste disposal in the country?
A: In 2021, a total of 1.4 million tons of medical waste will be disposed of nationwide, including 1.209 million tons of medical waste for centralized disposal and 191,000 tons for emergency treatment. The load rate of centralized treatment facilities is about 56%. All medical waste generated is properly disposed of. The waste should be cleaned up by Nissan; the emergency disposal of medical waste accounts for 14% of the total disposal.
Data comparison shows that conventional centralized disposal is the main method of medical waste disposal, and collaborative emergency disposal methods play an important supplementary role in waste disposal during the epidemic.
Judging from the recent dispatching situation, the medical waste disposal situation in medium and high risk areas across the country is stable and orderly. In the past three months, the average daily load rate of medical waste disposal facilities in cities (states) and municipalities involving medium and high risk areas across the country has been lower than 90%. %, of which 97% are below 80% and 66% are below 50%.
All medical wastes are properly disposed of, and medical wastes related to epidemics are cleaned up by Nissan.Keywords: