The development of the county, the vitality is full of potential (into the county to see the development)

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  General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out, "It is necessary to promote a new type of urbanization with people as the core, properly handle the relationship between central cities and regional development, promote urbanization construction with county towns as an important carrier, and promote the integrated development of urban and rural areas."

  County governance, the world is safe.

The county seat is an important part of my country's urban system, and it is the key support for the integrated development of urban and rural areas.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, we have insisted on promoting new urbanization with people as the core, and the construction and development of county towns has entered a new stage.

Starting today, this newspaper has launched a column of "Walking into the county to see development", visiting the county, talking about planning, watching development, analyzing experience, introducing new practices in county construction, showing the new results of new urbanization, and inspiring the cadres and the masses to forge ahead with confidence in the new journey , to build a new era of meritorious deeds, and take practical actions to welcome the victory of the Party's 20th National Congress.

  General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out, "It is very common for farmers to buy houses in the county seat and gather in the county seat. It is necessary to select a group of counties with good conditions to focus on development, strengthen policy guidance, and make them an important support point for expanding domestic demand."

  Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the vigorous development of the county town has gradually spread.

Kunshan, Jiangsu, last year had a per capita GDP of about 226,900 yuan, reaching the standard of a high-income economy; Haiyang, Shandong, built the country’s first “zero-carbon” heating city, reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 330,000 tons in the first heating season; Hunan Liuyang, more than 400 Enterprises and about 300,000 practitioners have studied fireworks skills and contributed half of the world's fireworks... Over the past 10 years, my country's county construction has been steadily progressing, the quality of county development has improved significantly, and the new urbanization with people as the core has made great strides.

  Recently, the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council issued the "Opinions on Promoting Urbanization Construction with County Towns as an Important Carrier" (hereinafter referred to as "Opinions").

Improving the development quality of county towns and better meeting the needs of farmers to work and settle down in county towns and the production and living needs of county town residents will provide strong support for the coordinated promotion of new urbanization and rural revitalization.

The population accounts for nearly 30% of the permanent urban population in the country, and it is the key support for the integrated development of urban and rural areas.

  On the morning of June 5, the whistle was loud, and the X8020 China-Europe freight train, loaded with daily necessities, hardware tools and other commodities, set off from the West Railway Station of Yiwu, Zhejiang, and headed for Madrid, Spain.

A total of more than 2,800 Yiwu China-Europe trains have been operated, reflecting the strong pulse of Yiwu's economy.

  Yiwu, China, World Supermarket.

Last year, Yiwu achieved a total import and export volume of 390.305 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 24.7%; the per capita annual disposable income of urban permanent residents was 86,628 yuan, higher than that of Beijing and Shanghai.

  "In the past 10 years, Yiwu's exports have increased by 5.4 times, imports have increased by 10 times, and e-commerce transactions have increased by 6.1 times, from 'buying the whole country, selling the whole country' to 'buying the world, selling the world', the construction of the 'world small commodity capital' A solid step has been taken," said Sheng Qiuping, Vice Minister of Commerce.

  The thriving Yiwu is the epitome of the high-quality development of the county in my country.

County is an important part of my country's urban system.

By the end of 2021, the resident population of 1,472 counties in my country will be about 160 million, and the urban resident population of 394 county-level cities will be about 90 million. The number of counties and county-level cities accounts for about 65% of the county-level administrative divisions.

Promoting the construction of county towns is conducive to guiding the urbanization of the agricultural transfer population and improving the spatial layout of urbanization for the coordinated development of large, medium and small cities and small towns.

  To promote the construction of county towns, the important support for the integrated development of urban and rural areas is more powerful.

The county seat is located at the "end of the city and the head of the township", which is a natural carrier to connect the city and serve the countryside.

"Our country has reached the stage of development where industry feeds back agriculture and cities support rural areas. The next period will be a window period for improving the system and mechanism of urban-rural integrated development and breaking the dual structure of urban and rural areas." The relevant person in charge of the Planning Department of the National Development and Reform Commission said that to promote the construction of county towns, both It is conducive to adapting to the increasing demand of farmers to work and settle in the county, and is conducive to radiating and driving rural development and agricultural and rural modernization, and is also conducive to strengthening the connection between the county and neighboring cities.

  The important engine for promoting the construction of county towns and expanding domestic demand is even stronger.

At this stage, there is a big gap between investment and consumption in county towns and cities. The per capita investment in fixed assets of municipal public facilities is only about 1/2 of that in urban areas of prefecture-level and above cities, and the per capita consumption expenditure is only about 2/3 of that in urban areas of prefecture-level and above cities. .

Promoting the construction of the county seat is conducive to expanding the current effective investment and residents' consumption, and opening up new huge space for investment and consumption.

  Gao Guoli, director of the Urban and Small Towns Reform and Development Center of the National Development and Reform Commission, introduced that the "Opinions" are divided into five categories to guide the development direction of county towns, that is, to accelerate the development of counties around big cities, actively cultivate county towns with professional functions, rationally develop county towns in the main producing areas of agricultural products, and develop in an orderly manner. Key ecological function areas and counties, guide the transformation and development of counties with population loss, "to promote the urbanization construction with the county as an important carrier, it is necessary to comply with the changing trend of population flow, based on the carrying capacity of resources and environment, location conditions, industrial foundation, and functional positioning, and coordinate the production of the county. , life, ecology, and security needs, and reasonably determine the development paths of different types of county towns.”

Gather the population, expand employment, cultivate and develop characteristic and advantageous industries

  Half of the world's spectacle lenses are made in Danyang, Jiangsu; at least one pair of every three pairs of socks in the world comes from Zhuji, Zhejiang; the lighters produced in Shaodong, Hunan, can circle the equator 20 times in a string... From "Hometown China" to "Urban China" "In the transformation, industry has always been the foundation of the county's construction and development.

  Only when there are industries can the county be attractive and the population gather.

  "Industrial supporting facilities can be shared and shared by many enterprises, which directly affects the inflow of factors and the level of enterprise costs. Promoting the improvement of the quality and efficiency of industrial supporting facilities in the county seat and consolidating the industrial foundation of the county seat can promote local employment of residents and continue to increase income, and drive the county area. High-quality economic development." said the relevant person in charge of the Planning Department of the National Development and Reform Commission.

  Only with strong advantages can the industry be competitive and have room for development.

  Anhui Tianchang established an investment group for the optical fiber and cable industry, compiled a map of the optical fiber and cable industry chain, aimed at the industry leader and high-end industry, and introduced a 5G data cable project with a total investment of 1 billion yuan and an annual output of 200,000 kilometers from Yangzhou, Jiangsu to accelerate the traditional cable industry. Iteratively upgrade to the optical fiber and cable industry.

  Deqing, Zhejiang, relying on the advantages of the transportation location, continues to improve the ecological environment, develops various formats such as farmhouses and resorts in a dislocation, and expands the economy of the country house.

In 2021, the county will achieve a total tourism revenue of 35.666 billion yuan, an increase of 12.4% over the previous year, turning "leaf" into "ticket".

  Industrial development does not build a "castle in the air", let alone "follow what others say", highlight characteristics, dislocate development, enhance industrial support capabilities, and focus on developing industries with obvious comparative advantages, strong ability to drive agriculture and rural areas, and large employment capacity, in order to cultivate local industries and undertake external Industrial Transfer.

  Only when the cycle is smooth can cooperation have support and elements can converge.

  Improve the function of the industrial platform, configure public supporting facilities according to needs, and guide the concentrated development of county-level industries; improve the commercial and trade circulation network, develop logistics centers and professional markets, and create a distribution and transfer center for industrial products and agricultural products; improve consumer infrastructure and focus on industrial transformation and upgrading To meet the needs of residents' consumption upgrade, and improve the consumption environment of the county... A series of policies and measures have been implemented to connect the blocking points, connect the breaking points, eliminate the blind spots, and eliminate the weak points, so as to lay a solid foundation for the county's economic development and improve the quality and efficiency.

  Only by cultivating talents can growth be sustainable, and the county seat will be more dynamic.

  Xie Yanzhi moved from the village to Jinhe Xincheng Community, Huaxian County, Henan Province more than ten years ago. Xie Yanzhi has changed from a farmer to a citizen, and even entered the workshop from the field. "The government has given me free technical training, and now I ride a bicycle to work in the clothing factory in front of my house. , earn five or six thousand yuan a month, and live a solid life."

  It is better to teach a man to fish than to give him a fish.

Strengthen vocational skills training, improve the skills, quality and stable employment ability of migrant workers, especially those in difficulties, so that more new citizens can live and work in peace and contentment, and the county will be more cohesive and creative.

Make up for shortcomings, benefit people's livelihood, and consolidate the basic support for the operation of the county

  The construction and development of the county seat is related to the quality of people's livelihood in the county seat and even the whole county.

Only by consolidating the basic support for the operation of the county can improve the sense of gain, happiness and security of life in the county.

  "To enhance the attractiveness of the county seat, we must coordinate the construction of municipal facilities 'hardware' and public service 'software', highlight the principle of high efficiency and practicality, narrow the gap between the county seat and large and medium-sized cities in facilities and services, consolidate the county seat's operational foundation, and enhance the happiness of county residents." Wang Dawei, deputy director of the Business Environment Development Promotion Center of the National Development and Reform Commission, said.

  ——The municipal public facilities have been upgraded, and the hardware foundation of livable counties has been strengthened.

  Sichuan Jintang has implemented ten major projects to improve flood control and drainage capacity. The No. 3 rubber dam on the Pihe River widened the river from 90 meters to 210 meters, effectively easing the flood control and drainage pressure in the county.

  Guixi, Jiangxi, develops a smart water supervision platform, promotes the application of smart water meters, improves management level, and reduces both leakage rate and operating cost.

  To improve the carrying capacity and attractiveness of the county to the population, the municipal public facilities in the county need to be continuously improved.

Improve transportation infrastructure, improve flood control and drainage facilities, strengthen the renovation of aging pipe networks, promote the renovation of old communities, and promote digital transformation, so that county life can be more secure and convenient.

  ——The standard of public service facilities has been increased and the coverage of livable counties has been improved.

  Public service concerns the vital interests of the masses and is the basic condition for the all-round development of human beings.

  Improve the medical and health system and promote the sinking of high-quality medical resources.

In Liyang, Jiangsu, the construction of a close county-level medical community has made the rate of medical treatment in the county reach 90%.

In Meihekou, Jilin, Bethune First Hospital of Jilin University and Meihekou Central Hospital have cooperated to better meet the medical needs of 2 million residents in southeastern Jilin Province.

  Expand the supply of educational resources and promote the expansion of high-quality educational resources.

In Minhou, Fujian, from 2020 to 2021, 7 projects to make up for shortcomings in educational infrastructure will be built, and nearly 2,000 teachers will participate in the orderly inter-school flow; 38,000 more places were added, and the phenomenon of "large class sizes" in cities and towns was eliminated.

  Education for young children, education for learning, medical care for the sick, and care for the elderly... Promote the construction of county towns, ensure the universal sharing of basic public services, promote the balanced development of high-quality public services, and continue to narrow the gap between urban and rural areas.

  ——Environmental infrastructure has been upgraded and expanded, and the ecological environment of livable counties has been improved.

  Shahe, the "mother river" of Boluo, Guangdong.

In the past, extensive development led to the random discharge of sewage by enterprises on the shore, and the Shahe River once became a "sewage-accepting river".

The iron fist of pollution control has forced the transformation and upgrading of polluting enterprises, and the sewage pond has been transformed into a popular science ecological park. As of the end of last year, the county has built a total of 214.14 kilometers of sewage pipe network.

Today, the average water quality of the Shahe River is better than Class III. Boluo people proudly say: "'Every household in Lingnan is full of spring' well-deserved reputation."

  The level of environmental infrastructure determines the living environment and overall appearance of the county, and is also an important support for the construction of ecological civilization in the county.

The relevant person in charge of the Planning Department of the National Development and Reform Commission said that promoting the upgrading and expansion of the county's environmental infrastructure and establishing a historical and cultural protection and inheritance system will better meet the cultural and ecological needs of residents and highlight the green and cultural features of the county.

  The person in charge said that there are 1,866 counties and county-level cities in my country, which are large in number, many types, and have different development paths. The construction of county towns cannot be carried out in one step and "one size fits all". To promote the construction of county towns, we must strictly abide by the "five bottom lines" and strictly implement arable land. and permanent basic farmland, ecological protection red lines, and urban development boundaries, guard the historical and cultural roots, prevent large-scale demolition and construction, and greed for foreign countries, strictly control the establishment of cities and districts, prevent the blind development of new cities and new districts and hype real estate, prevent local Government debt risk.

  The county town, the basic unit of urban-rural integrated development, will be strengthened and built, and the rural areas will share the development results.

  Our reporter Lu Yanan

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