White Paper on Juvenile Prosecution Work (2021)

  Children are the future of the motherland and the hope of the Chinese nation.

——Xi Jinping

Table of contents


  1. Analysis of juvenile procuratorial case handling data

  2. Follow the law of justice and strengthen two-way protection

  3. Coordinate the "four major prosecutors" and deepen comprehensive and comprehensive judicial protection

  Fourth, strengthen departmental collaboration and actively integrate into the "five major protections"

  5. Pay attention to crime prevention and improve the effect of publicity and education on the rule of law

  6. Adhere to the equal emphasis on quality and efficiency, and promote the construction of specialization and standardization


  Major Events of National Juvenile Procuratorial Work


  2021 is a landmark year in the history of the party and the country.

Under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, the history of the two centenary goals has intersected, and a new journey of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way has begun.

2021 is also a year worth remembering in the history of the development of the protection of minors. The newly revised Law on the Protection of Minors and the Law on the Prevention of Minor Crimes (hereinafter referred to as the "two laws") will be officially implemented, and the principle that is most beneficial to minors Deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, the "six major protections" of family, school, society, network, government and judicial work together; 11) Implemented, underage and stubborn "bear children" were put under a curse, and persons with special duties sexually assaulted minors with "one class crime". "Bringing a baby has become a buzzword, receiving family education guidance has become a compulsory course for "hands-off parents", and paying more attention to family, family education, and family style become citizens' conscious actions.

This year, the juvenile protection net has been more tightly woven, and the work results have become more prominent, but we must also be soberly aware that with the development of the economy and society, the protection of juveniles is facing a more severe and complicated situation, and crimes against juveniles The number continues to rise, juvenile crimes are on the rise, the absence of family guardianship is more prominent, the Internet has a huge impact on minors, and the social environment for the healthy growth of minors needs to be optimized, etc. The protection of minors still has a long way to go.

  In 2021, procuratorial organs across the country will adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping's thought on the rule of law, conscientiously implement the "Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Strengthening the Legal Supervision of Procuratorial Organs in the New Era" (Zhongfa [2021] No. 28), further strengthen the judicial protection of minors, improve The protection system that combines specialization and socialization, from the perspective of serving and guaranteeing the sustainable development of the party and the country, pays close attention to the implementation of the "two laws" for the protection of minors, and protects the healthy growth of minors with heart and emotion.

We strive to do a good job of two-way protection, not only educating and saving minors involved in crimes, but also caring and helping minor victims. In response to problems such as difficult and late detection of crimes against juveniles, we promote mandatory reporting of crimes against minors, and sexual assault crimes. The entry inquiry system has been implemented and effective; comprehensive judicial protection has been deepened, and the unified and centralized handling of juvenile procuratorial business has been fully implemented. In response to the lack of family guardianship, the system of "supervision and supervision of guardianship orders" has been created and promoted, and criminal, civil, administrative, and public interest litigations have been integrated. The four major procuratorial functions; proactively integrate into the other "five major protections" through the performance of procuratorial duties, deploy and carry out a special legal supervision action for the protection of minors of "inspect, love and protect the future", and deploy with the All-China Women's Federation and the China Customs and Work Committee in handling criminal matters. Carry out family education guidance in adult cases, jointly formulate with the Ministry of Education the work regulations for prosecutors serving as vice-principals of the rule of law, and supervise the implementation of the "No. Work with the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League to carry out demonstration construction of a social support system for juvenile procuratorial work in 80 regions, and notify relevant departments of public interest litigation cases involving juveniles’ online protection to promote cyberspace governance. Reports on the judicial protection work of adults and fully affirmed that the work of juvenile procuratorial work has been "widespread and subtle", and has taken solid steps and made new progress in the past year.

  In order to more intuitively present the juvenile procuratorial work in the past year, deepen the understanding of the development law of juvenile procuratorial work, more consciously assume the procuratorial responsibility for the protection of juveniles, and take the initiative to accept social supervision, we summarize the work of the past year and form the "Juvenile Procuratorial Work". White Paper on People's Procuratorial Work (2021).

The white paper analyzes the situation and problems reflected in the business data of the "four major procuratorates" involving minors, focusing on the characteristics and circumstances of cases involving minors since 2017, especially in 2021, and strengthening two-way protection and comprehensive judicial protection for procuratorial organs , actively integrate into the other "five protections", carry out publicity and education on the rule of law, strengthen professional and standardized construction, etc. to briefly summarize, and sort out the cases, typical practices, and innovative mechanisms that have a certain impact and significance on the procuratorial and judicial protection of juveniles. The public should have a more comprehensive and intuitive understanding of juvenile procuratorial work, assist and participate in juvenile procuratorial work, and support and supervise juvenile procuratorial work.

  The protection of minors is a systematic project that requires the joint efforts of the whole society.

On the occasion of the "June 1st" International Children's Day and the first anniversary of the implementation of the revised "two laws", the white paper is now released, hoping to further promote judicial protection and "family, school, society, Internet, government through the performance of procuratorial duties" "The five major protections are integrated and implemented as a whole, and truly realize "1+5>6=real", so as to better build consensus and form a joint force to jointly protect the future and healthy growth of the motherland!

1. Analysis of juvenile procuratorial case handling data

  In order to strengthen the comprehensive judicial protection of minors, in 2021, the unified and centralized handling of juvenile procuratorial business will be fully implemented in procuratorial organs across the country, and the criminal, civil, administrative, and public interest litigation procuratorial functions involving juveniles will be carried out by uninspected departments or agencies. The unprosecuted case handling team has been unified, and the comprehensive judicial protection pattern of the "four major procuratorates" for minors has taken shape.

  (1) Criminal prosecution of juveniles

  In 2021, procuratorial organs across the country will accept a total of 55,379 juvenile criminal suspects for review and arrest, and 73,998 people will be reviewed and prosecuted. After review, 27,208 people will be approved for arrest, but 27,673 people will not be approved; 35,228 people will be prosecuted (including the probationary period for non-prosecution with conditions). The number of people prosecuted after expiration), 22,585 people were not prosecuted (including the number of people who did not prosecute after the conditional non-prosecution test period expired), 19,783 people were not prosecuted with conditions, and the non-arrest, non-prosecution, and conditional non-prosecution rates were 50.4%, 39.1%, 29.7%.

In 2021, procuratorial organs across the country approved the arrest of 45,827 persons who committed crimes against minors, and prosecuted 60,553 persons.

  1. Juvenile delinquency

  (1) The number of juvenile crimes rebounded.

From 2017 to 2021, the number of juvenile criminal suspects accepted for review and arrest by procuratorial organs was 42,413, 44,901, 48,275, 37,681, and 55,379, and the number of juvenile suspects accepted for review and prosecution was 59,593, 58,307, and 61,295 respectively. people, 54,954 people, 73,998 people.

In 2021, the number of arrests under review and prosecutions under review will increase by 30.6% and 24.2%, respectively, compared with 2017.

  (2) Five major crimes account for more than two-thirds of the total.

In 2021, the top five juvenile criminal suspects accepted for review and indictment by the procuratorial organs are 19,061 for theft, 9,049 for gathering and fighting, 7,591 for rape, 7,186 for robbery, and 6,902 for picking quarrels and provoking trouble, respectively. 25.8%, 12.2%, 10.3%, 9.7%, and 9.3% of the number of indicted persons, and 49,789 persons were charged for five types of crimes, accounting for 67.3%.

  (3) The proportion of juveniles suspected of serious violent crimes has been stable with some decline.

From 2017 to 2021, the procuratorial organs will accept the review and prosecute minors for suspected intentional homicide, intentional injury causing serious injury or death, rape, robbery, drug trafficking, arson, explosion, poisoning and other eight serious violent crimes (due to the relationship between statistical calibers). , including all the crimes of intentional injury, smuggling, trafficking, transportation, and manufacturing of drugs) were 19,954, 17,936, 18,172, 15,736, and 21,087, accounting for 33.48%, 30.76%, and 29.65% of the total number of crimes. , 28.63%, 28.49%, a decrease of 4.99 percentage points in 2021 compared with 2017.

  (4) The proportion of juvenile drug crimes continued to decline.

From 2017 to 2021, 2,003, 1,504, 1,201, 942, and 978 juvenile drug-related crimes were accepted, examined and prosecuted by procuratorial organs, accounting for 3.36% and 2.58% of the number of juvenile criminal suspects accepted, examined and prosecuted respectively during the same period. , 1.96%, 1.71%, 1.32%, and the number of people in 2021 will decrease by 50.67% compared with 2017.

  (5) The number of school bullying and violent crime continues to decline.

From 2017 to 2021, the number of arrests of bullying and violent crimes approved by the procuratorial organs was 4,157, 2,785, 1,667, 583, and 581, respectively, and the number of prosecutions was 5,926, 4,590, 2,914, 1,341, 1062 people, showing a downward trend year by year.

The number of arrests and prosecutions in 2021 will drop by 86.02% and 82.08% respectively compared with 2017.

  (6) The recidivism rate of juveniles has decreased.

From 2017 to 2021, 1,938, 2,054, 2,349, 2,092, and 2,197 of the minors accepted for review and prosecution by procuratorial organs had received criminal punishment, accounting for 3.25% of the total number of minors accepted for review and prosecution during the same period. , 3.52%, 3.83%, 3.83%, 2.97%, reflecting that the effect of education and rescue for minors involved in crimes has improved.

  (7) Juvenile delinquency shows a trend of younger age.

From 2017 to 2021, the number of juvenile criminal suspects between the ages of 14 and 16 accepted by the procuratorial organs for review and prosecution was 5,189, 4,695, 5,445, 5,259, and 8,169, accounting for 8.71% of the total number of juvenile crimes accepted for review and prosecution. , 8.05%, 8.88%, 9.57%, 11.04%.

In terms of the number of crimes, there will be an increase of 2,980 people in 2021 compared with 2017, an increase of 57.4%.

  (8) The number of telecommunication and cyber crimes involving minors is increasing rapidly.

In 2019, 2020, and 2021, procuratorial organs prosecuted 2,130, 2,932, and 3,555 minors suspected of using telecommunication networks to commit crimes, a year-on-year increase of 37.65% and 21.25%, respectively.

Among them, the crime of minors suspected of helping information network criminal activities has increased significantly. 130 people will be prosecuted in 2020 and 911 people will be prosecuted in 2021, an increase of 6 times year-on-year.

  2. The implementation of special protection and judicial policies for minors

  (1) For the first time, the non-arrest rate for juvenile delinquency exceeded half.

From 2017 to 2021, the procuratorial organs did not approve the arrest of 14,223, 15,205, 16,549, 14,709, and 27,673 juvenile criminal suspects according to law. 50.4%, the number of people without arrest in 2021 will exceed the number of approved arrests for the first time, and the rate of non-arrest will increase by 11.3 percentage points year-on-year.

From the perspective of the reasons for not arresting, in 2021, 20,720 people will not be arrested due to lack of social danger, accounting for 74.88% of the number of people who are not arrested, an increase of 4.07 percentage points from 2020.

  (2) The rate of non-prosecution of juvenile crimes continued to rise.

From 2017 to 2021, the procuratorial organs did not prosecute 10,114, 11,865, 13,752, 16,062, and 22,585 juvenile criminal suspects, respectively, and the non-prosecution rates were 18.84%, 22.99%, 24.13%, 32.59%, and 39.1%. %, and the non-complaint rate in 2021 will increase by 6.5 percentage points year-on-year.

  (3) The rate of conditional non-prosecution of juvenile crimes has risen sharply.

From 2017 to 2021, the number of juvenile criminal suspects not prosecuted by procuratorial organs with conditions was 5,681, 6,624, 7,463, 11,376, and 19,783, respectively, and the rate of conditional non-prosecution during the same period was 10.06%, 12.15%, and 12.51, respectively. %, 20.87%, 29.7%.

At the same time, during the probation period of conditional non-prosecution, the number of public prosecutions for violating relevant regulations or re-offending remained at a low level, 134, 183, 233, 286, and 594, respectively, and will be revoked in 2021. The number of people who filed public prosecutions accounted for 3% of the total number of conditional non-prosecutions, which was basically the same as in previous years, reflecting that with the gradual increase in the number of people who applied the conditional non-prosecution system, it was operating well.

  (4) The application rate of the leniency system for juvenile crime cases is high.

In 2021, procuratorial organs will apply the leniency system to 61,403 juvenile crime cases, with an application rate of 94.1%, an increase of 1.47 percentage points year-on-year, and 4.7 percentage points higher than the overall application rate of criminal crimes in the same period, reflecting the leniency of guilty pleas and punishments. The system is highly compatible with the concept of juvenile justice, and is better applied in juvenile delinquency cases.

  (5) Determine the high rate of application and adoption of sentencing recommendations.

In 2021, the procuratorial organs proposed 27,874 sentencing recommendations for juvenile crimes, of which 23,635 were recommended for sentencing and 4,239 were recommended for ranged sentences, accounting for 84.79% and 15.21% respectively.

Sentencing recommendations were adopted by 26,483 people, with an acceptance rate of 95.01%. Among them, 22,640 and 3,843 people were adopted for fixed and ranged sentences, with an acceptance rate of 95.79% and 90.66%, respectively, an increase of 1.56 and 1.31 percentage points compared with 2020.

  (6) The procuratorial supervision of juvenile criminal execution has been intensified.

In 2021, procuratorial organs will conduct a review of the necessity of detention of 20,045 minors involved in crimes, an increase of 3.8 times year-on-year.

In the review and prosecution stage, 2,689 people were directly released or changed to compulsory measures, 1,421 people were proposed to be released or changed to compulsory measures in the investigation stage, and 352 people were proposed to be released or changed to compulsory measures in the trial stage.

  A total of 208 procuratorial suggestions were put forward for the supervision of minors in detention centers, an increase of 89.09% year-on-year; 2,042 violations were corrected, an increase of 11.2 times year-on-year; 2,743 people were corrected in mixed custody, a year-on-year increase of 4.8 times.

  A total of 18 procuratorial suggestions were put forward for the supervision activities of juvenile correctional institutions, a year-on-year increase of 38.46%; 357 people were corrected for commutation, parole, and temporary execution outside prison.

  A total of 203 minors were corrected in community correction activities, up 3.1 times year-on-year; 86 people were corrected for improper execution, up 5.6 times year-on-year; 305 people were corrected and mixed with adult prisoners for community correction.

  3. Crimes against minors

  (1) Crimes against juveniles are generally on the rise.

From 2017 to 2021, the procuratorial organs approved the arrest of 33,790, 40,005, 47,563, 38,854, and 45,827 persons for crimes against juveniles, respectively, and prosecuted 47,466, 50,705, 62,948, 57,295, and 60,553 persons during the same period. In 2021, it will increase by 35.62% and 27.57% respectively compared with 2017.

  (2) The crime of abducting and trafficking in women and children is on the decline.

From 2012 to 2021, procuratorial organs prosecuted 3,699, 2,395, 2,038, 1,598, 1,483, 1,394, 1,322, 1,247, 789, and 1,135 people for abducting and trafficking in women and children, respectively. It decreased by 69.32%, with an average annual decrease of 12.3%.

During the same period, 189, 202, 163, 184, 337, 506, 393, 406, 276, and 328 were prosecuted for the crime of buying and selling abducted women and children, an increase of 73.54% in 2021 compared with 2012. The average annual increase was 6.3%.

  (3) The increase in the crime of sexual assault on minors is flattening.

In 2021, procuratorial organs will prosecute 17,917 juvenile rapes, a year-on-year increase of 16.61%, the lowest increase in the past four years.

During the same period, 7,767 persons were prosecuted for molesting children, a year-on-year increase of 32.09%, and 2,167 persons were prosecuted for crimes of forcibly molesting and insulting minors.

  (4) The types of crimes against juveniles are more concentrated.

In 2021, the top six prosecutions for crimes against minors by procuratorial organs are rape, child molestation, picking quarrels and provoking trouble, robbery, traffic accident, and theft. It accounted for 67.07% of the number of prosecutions, an increase of 4.64 percentage points over 2020.

  (5) Minor victims under the age of 14 accounted for more than half of the victims.

From 2017 to 2021, the procuratorial organs prosecuted 19,717, 21,013, 25,723, 27,234, and 31,213 criminals against minors under the age of 14, up 6.6%, 22.4%, 5.9%, and 14.6% year-on-year, respectively. The proportions of the number of crimes against minors were 41.54%, 41.44%, 40.86%, 47.53% and 51.55% respectively.

  (6) Crimes against rural left-behind children generally slowed down.

From 2017 to 2021, the procuratorial organs prosecuted 3,325, 2,808, 2,591, 2,521, and 2,599 crimes against left-behind children in rural areas, accounting for 7%, 5.54%, 4.12%, and 4.52% of the crimes against minors, respectively. %, 4.29%.

  (7) The crime of organizing minors to violate public security management activities has increased significantly.

From 2017 to 2021, procuratorial organs prosecuted 4, 37, 98, 170, and 402 people for organizing minors to violate public security management activities, an increase of 164.86%, 73.47%, and 136.47% respectively in the past three years. %, reflecting that the problem of organizing and attracting minors to commit crimes cannot be ignored.

  (2) Minor people's civil and administrative procuratorial situations

  (1) Strengthen the supervision of guardianship infringement.

In 2021, for those who meet the conditions for revocation of guardian qualifications, the procuratorial organs will support individuals or units to prosecute 464 cases, a year-on-year increase of 49.2%; put forward 294 procuratorial suggestions, a year-on-year increase of 45.54%; 388 cases of revocation of guardian qualifications, a year-on-year increase of 48.66%.

  (2) Strengthen supervision of lack of guardianship.

In 2021, the procuratorial organs will properly conduct guardianship intervention and protection and assistance in accordance with the law for guardians who lack effective guardianship ability, or are in fact unable to perform guardianship duties due to objective reasons and other situations where guardianship is lacking. A total of 326 procuratorial suggestions, a year-on-year increase of 3.1 times; support for prosecution 132 cases were declared missing and dead.

  (3) Carry out the work of "supervising guardianship orders".

Since June 1, 2021, in response to the lack of family guardianship, the procuratorial organs have carried out "supervision and supervision orders" in handling cases involving minors, and issued a total of 19,328 "supervision and supervision orders", including juvenile crimes. The suspect's guardian made 14,754 "supervision and guardianship orders", and issued 4,574 "supervision and guardianship orders" to the guardians of minor victims.

  (4) Actively carry out the work of supporting prosecution.

In 2021, the procuratorial organs will handle a total of 1,660 cases in support of prosecutions other than guardianship supervision, including 776 cases of recourse for alimony, 65 cases of dropping out of school, and 819 cases of others.

  (5) Strengthen the supervision of civil and administrative cases trial and enforcement activities.

In 2021, the procuratorial organs will lodge 14 protests against effective civil judgments, 7 procuratorial suggestions for retrial, and 307 procuratorial suggestions for illegal acts in civil enforcement activities.

2 procuratorial suggestions for retrial and 2 protests were made for administrative effective judgments, 59 procuratorial suggestions were made for illegal acts in administrative enforcement activities, and 23 cases were promoted to substantively resolve administrative disputes.

  (3) Juvenile Public Interest Litigation Prosecution

  (1) Case filing situation.

In 2021, procuratorial organs will file a total of 6,633 public interest lawsuits for the protection of minors, a year-on-year increase of 3.2 times.

  (2) Announcements are issued.

87 civil public interest litigation cases were announced, including 50 civil public interest litigation cases incidental to criminal cases.

  (3) The situation of procuratorial suggestions before the prosecution.

There were 5,811 pre-litigation procuratorial suggestions in administrative public interest litigation cases, a year-on-year increase of 2.8 times.

  (4) The case of filing a public interest lawsuit.

The procuratorial organs filed 84 public interest lawsuits for the protection of minors, a year-on-year increase of 2.2 times.

Among them, 18 administrative public interest lawsuits, 17 civil public interest lawsuits, and 49 criminal incidental civil public interest lawsuits were brought.

  (5) The situation of the case field.

Procuratorial organs handled 1,957 public interest litigation cases involving minors in traditional fields such as food and drug safety, ecological and environmental protection, accounting for 29.5%.

Handle 4,676 cases, accounting for 70.5%, of product quality, tobacco and alcohol sales, cultural publicity, network information dissemination, personal information protection, safety of children's playground facilities, entertainment games, tattoos, on-demand theaters, patriotism education bases, etc.

2. Follow the law of justice and strengthen two-way protection

  Two-way protection is not only the concept of juvenile justice, but also the basic law that juvenile prosecutors must follow in handling cases: not only should we focus on safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of minors involved in crimes, but also effectively safeguard the rights and interests of minor victims, and safeguard society. Order and public interests, ensure the organic unity of the "three effects" of handling cases, and achieve win-win, multi-win, and win-win results.

  (1) Punishing and accurately helping and educating minors involved in crimes according to law

  The procuratorial organs conscientiously implement the "education, probation, rescue" policy and the principle of "education first, punishment second", adhere to the combination of punishment according to law and precise assistance and education, and maximize the education and rescue of minors involved in crimes.

  First, punishment in accordance with the law and leniency in accordance with the law go hand in hand.

For minors with minor subjective viciousness and minor criminal circumstances, who are first-time offenders or occasional offenders, we should insist on fewer arrests, careful prosecution, and prudence, so as to reserve a channel for them to return to society.

In 2021, national procuratorial organs will not approve the arrest of 27,673 people, 22,585 people will not be prosecuted (including the number of people who will not prosecute after the conditional non-prosecution test period expires), and 19,783 people will not be prosecuted with conditions.

At the same time, procuratorial organs punish juvenile criminal suspects suspected of serious crimes and great social harm in accordance with the law, and play a warning and educational role.

In 2021, a total of 27,208 people will be arrested and 35,228 people will be prosecuted (including the number of people prosecuted after the conditional non-prosecution period expires).

The implementation of "protection, education, and restraint" measures for juveniles who have committed crimes has been comprehensively promoted, and the procuratorial organs have cooperated with relevant departments to promptly send relevant juveniles who have committed crimes to specialized schools.

  The second is to strictly implement special procedures for juvenile criminal cases.

Continue to improve legal aid coverage.

Further strengthen communication and cooperation with judicial administrative organs, promote the establishment of a team of professional legal aid lawyers for juvenile criminal cases, and provide legal aid to juvenile criminal suspects who have not entrusted a defender in a timely manner.

In 2021, procuratorial organs nationwide will provide 49,704 legal aids to juvenile criminal suspects, a year-on-year increase of 39.09%.

Further increase the coverage of legal representatives and suitable adults present.

By forming a team of suitable adults and improving the operation and management mechanism, the important role of suitable adults in communication, comfort, education, witness, and supervision in judicial case handling can be brought into full play.

In 2021, legal representatives and suitable adults will be present 43,968 times and 72,381 times in the review and arrest stage and the review and prosecution stage, respectively, an increase of 112.47% and 76.66% year-on-year, respectively.

Strengthen the supervision of the sealing system of criminal records of juveniles involved in crimes, and protect the identity information of minors from being leaked.

In 2021, procuratorial organs nationwide will seal up 31,510 criminal records, a year-on-year increase of 11.88%.

  The third is to insist on helping and teaching throughout the case handling.

Adhere to the difference between people and cases, and effectively promote the resolution of problems such as formalization and homogeneity of social investigation reports.

In 2021, procuratorial organs across the country will conduct 78,562 and 157,939 social investigations respectively during the arrest review and prosecution review phases.

According to the characteristics of juveniles' wrongful behavior and the law of education and correction, and in light of the specific circumstances of the minors involved, the procuratorial organs actively strive for and integrate relevant social forces to participate in precise assistance and education, and strengthen the family education guidance for the guardians of the wrongly juveniles and improve special correction education. , Build a comprehensive care base, introduce professional judicial social workers and volunteers for education and correction, etc., and jointly establish an operation model of "government support, judicial leadership, social coordination, and public participation".

  (2) Severely crack down on crimes against juveniles and care for and rescue juvenile victims

  In 2021, the national procuratorial organs approved the arrest of 45,827 persons who committed crimes against juveniles and prosecuted 60,553 persons, an increase of 18% and 5.7% respectively year-on-year.

With the ever-increasing efforts to crack down on crimes, major and vicious violence against children has been significantly reduced.

  The first is to severely punish crimes against juveniles in accordance with the law.

Severely punish crimes of sexual assault against minors, and focus on cracking down on frequent serious crimes.

The Supreme People's Procuratorate has tracked and guided more than 30 major and sensitive cases of sexual abuse of minors across the country, conducted special investigations on the rectification of sexual abuse of minors, promoted the resolution of judicial practice problems, and improved the effectiveness of case investigations.

Organize, coerce, lure, hold, and introduce typical cases of juvenile prostitution crimes, and guide procuratorial organs at all levels to effectively punish all kinds of crimes against juveniles.

In 2021, 590 missed arrests will be corrected, 335 missed prosecutions will be corrected, and 36 protests will be filed.

Resolutely cracked down on attracting and coercing minors to participate in illegal and criminal activities, and prosecuted 151 cases of 402 people for organizing minors to violate public security management activities.

  The second is to do a solid job in the rescue and protection of minor victims.

Continue to promote the construction of a "one-stop" case handling mechanism for crimes against juveniles.

A total of 1,622 "one-stop" inquiry and rescue areas for minor victims have been established across the country, and a total of 15,671 people have been interviewed.

Chongqing, Yunnan, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Zhejiang and other places have formed a relatively mature "one-stop" case handling mechanism and working model.

Strengthen comprehensive and multi-dimensional assistance for minor victims. A total of 11,000 cases of judicial assistance were provided throughout the year, 160 million yuan in assistance was distributed, 7,471 people were assisted in providing living arrangements, and 17,638 people were psychologically counseled.

  The third is to explore and safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of minor victims.

For minors who have suffered serious mental trauma due to criminal violations, and the violations have had a great impact on the victim's family, the procuratorial organs have explored supporting the victim and his legal representative to file a lawsuit for mental damage compensation.

The procuratorial organs in Hebei, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Jiangxi, Shandong, Henan and other places supported the minor victims of sexual assault cases to claim compensation for mental damage, which was supported by the court decision.

The Zhejiang Huzhou Procuratorate established a psychological evaluation support center for minor victims with the function of civil support for prosecution as the core, and has handled 5 cases of mental damage compensation support for prosecution, with a cumulative compensation amount of 280,000 yuan.

3. Coordinate the "four major prosecutors" and deepen comprehensive and comprehensive judicial protection

  The unified and centralized handling of juvenile procuratorial business is an important reform measure for procuratorial organs to give full play to the advantages of procuratorial functions, strengthen the comprehensive judicial protection of juveniles, and comprehensively safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of juveniles.

In 2021, the unified and centralized handling of the juvenile procuratorial business will be steadily and comprehensively implemented in procuratorial organs across the country, showing a good trend of orderly and coordinated development.

  (1) Comprehensive development of juvenile criminal execution and procuratorial business

  The review of the necessity of detaining juveniles in criminal cases, the supervision of detained juveniles' supervision activities, and the supervision of juveniles' community correction activities are carried out in an all-round way as the regular business work of juvenile procuratorial departments.

  The first is to refine the review of the necessity of detaining minors involved in crimes.

Procuratorial organs in various places have implemented the criminal justice policy of reducing arrests, prudential prosecution and prudent detention, intensified active review according to their powers, and in accordance with the requirement of "required investigation in every case" during the review and prosecution stage, prudently assessed the necessity of detaining minors involved in crimes, and actively promoted , Create effective guardianship, help and education and other non-custodial conditions to minimize unnecessary detention.

The Shanxi Provincial People's Procuratorate issued the "Guiding Opinions on the Review of the Necessity of Detention of Juvenile Suspects and Defendants" to further standardize the review of the necessity of detention.

Procuratorial organs in Liaoning, Guangdong and other places have carried out quantitative assessments in the review of the necessity of detention to promote more precise review methods.

The Hubei procuratorial organs have guided the public security organs to directly prosecute minors who have committed minor crimes in non-custodial custody, and effectively reduce the pretrial detention of minors.

The Changning District People's Procuratorate of Shanghai has extended its exploration and carried out supervision on the application of criminal detention measures to minors. If criminal detention is not necessary, it will promptly recommend the public security organs to release or change the compulsory measures.

  The second is to supervise the supervision activities of detained minors according to the law, and at the same time, pay attention to the work of helping and teaching minors and safeguarding their rights.

The procuratorial departments of Shanxi, Jilin, Henan and other places, together with the criminal enforcement and procuratorial departments, communicate with the detention centers to establish a daily liaison and cooperation mechanism, carry out supervision through patrol inspections, special inspections, etc., and jointly carry out the probation, rescue and correction of minors educate.

The Beijing Municipal People's Procuratorate established the Yangfan Procuratorial Center, a new starting point for the correctional center for juvenile offenders, as a platform for legal supervision and correctional assistance.

The procuratorial organs in Jiangsu, Sichuan, Anhui and other places have organized patrol inspections of juvenile correctional institutions, and further strengthened the supervision of the supervision and law enforcement work of juvenile correctional institutions by means of inspections in the supervision districts, inspections of the prison rooms, checking the accounts, and monitoring monitoring. .

The Liaoning procuratorial organ has deepened the "two assistances" for juvenile offenders in prison and return to help, and carried out a whole chain of assistance and education from entering prison, serving a sentence, leaving prison, and returning to society.































  四是督促对旅馆、宾馆、酒店、营业性娱乐场所、网吧等场所的整改。针对性侵未成年人案件多发于宾馆、酒店、营业性娱乐场所的现状,各地检察机关通过专项检查、联合清查、情况通报、检察建议等措施,推动职能部门加强对违法接待、容留未成年人问题的治理。自2021年5月“检爱同行 共护未来”未成年人保护法律监督行动实施以来,全国检察机关共参与排查旅馆、宾馆、酒店等场所66283家,发现存在问题的11238家,占排查总数的17%,经检察机关督促,完成整改10124家,停业整顿555家,吊销经营许可559家;排查营业性娱乐场所、酒吧、网吧等场所18691家,发现存在问题的3688家,占排查总数的19.7%,经检察机关督促,完成整改3175家,停业整顿448家,吊销经营许可65家。













  各级检察机关主动作为,争取党委政府支持,联动各方力量,打造法治宣传教育矩阵,凝聚法治宣传教育合力。一是持续打造《守护明天》未成年人法治教育品牌节目。最高检与中央广播电视总台联合制作大型未成年人法治节目《守护明天》第五季。《守护明天》围绕未成年人司法保护话题,邀请检察官主讲案例,并邀请专家、相关部委代表展开讨论,在社会上引起良好反响,收视率持续攀升。二是主动争取支持,统筹普法资源。安徽省人民检察院与省高级人民法院、教育厅、公安厅等会签文件,均衡派设法治副校长,解决多头普法、扎堆普法、普法资源旱涝不均等问题。河南许昌检察机关推动市委成立未成年人法治教育领导小组,办公室设在市人民检察院。三是主动联动各方,加强法治副校长工作力量。广西壮族自治区人民检察院联合教育厅、妇联等单位开展“加强未成年人法治教育 助力乡村振兴”专项活动。重庆市检察机关积极与公安、法院、教委、共青团、妇联等单位沟通联系,并邀请人大代表、政协委员全程参与普法活动,形成普法合力。四是主动搭建平台,争取社会支持。最高检联合教育部、民政部、共青团中央、全国妇联、中国关工委等部门共同策划制作国内首部未成年人检察社会支持体系建设微电影《我的青春,你来过》。江西省检察机关借助教育行政部门“班班通”等新媒体平台,充分调动校园联络员、社会志愿者等力量,推动实现法治教育教学点全覆盖。黑龙江省大庆市人民检察院“童心圆”未检工作团队建立家庭教育指导师库,动员组织老干部、老战士、心理咨询师等组成志愿团队共同开展法治巡讲。












结  语















  9.2021年4月25日,最高检印发《全国检察机关“检爱同行 共护未来”未成年人保护法律监督专项行动实施方案》,认真贯彻落实新修订的未成年人保护法、预防未成年人犯罪法,推动解决未成年人保护的普遍性、系统性、源头性问题。






  15.2021年5月31日,最高检召开《落实“两法” 护航青春》新闻发布会,通报检察机关会同相关部门共同做好未成年人保护工作情况及贯彻落实“两法”有关工作安排,发布“检察机关与各方力量携手 构建未成年人保护大格局”十个典型案事例。











  26.2021年9月1日,最高检常务副检察长童建明以《提升法治素养 护航奋斗青春》为题,到首都师范大学附属中学讲授法治课,3000余名师生代表现场学习收听。











  37. On November 18, 2021, the Shanghai procuratorate held a symposium on the 35th anniversary of the founding of juvenile procuratorial work in Shanghai. Zhang Jun gave instructions respectively, and Tong Jianming, Executive Deputy Prosecutor General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate, delivered a video speech.

  38. On November 19, 2021, the Supreme People's Procuratorate and the Central Radio and Television Station held a ceremony for the fifth anniversary and fifth season of the large-scale legal program "Guarding Tomorrow" for minors.

Zhang Jun, Chief Procurator and Procurator, Shen Haixiong, Vice Minister of the Central Propaganda Department and Director of China Central Radio and Television Station attended and delivered speeches.

From November 20th to 29th, the fifth season of "Guarding Tomorrow" was broadcast on the Social and Legal Channel, and the ratings reached a new high.

  39. On December 7, 2021, the Ninth Procuratorate of the Supreme People's Procuratorate held a seminar on "How to work together to escort the healthy growth of minors in the field of food packaging" to promote the management of food packaging for minors and better escort the healthy growth of minors.

  40. On December 24, 2021, the 58th biweekly consultation symposium of the 13th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference focused on "promoting judicial protection of the rights and interests of minors". Zhang Jun attended the meeting to introduce the relevant work.