Today, Friday, the Iraqi Ministry of Culture announced the death of the poet Muzaffar Al-Nawab at the age of 92. The Director-General of the Department of Cultural Affairs Aref Al-Saadi told the Iraqi News Agency, "The representatives died in Sharjah Teaching Hospital in the Emirates."

His birth and beginnings

Al-Nawab was born in 1934 in Karkh, the capital, Baghdad, and his grandfather’s family migrated to India during the Ottoman rule of Iraq, and there she took power in one of the Indian states, then returned to Iraq under pressure from the British occupation authorities in India because of their resistance to them, and he is a descendant of a wealthy literary family belonging to the The Hashemite House, and his father's grandfather used to lend poetry in Arabic and Persian, according to a previous report by Al Jazeera Net.

The first spark of the parliament’s talent was to complete a verse of poetry given to him by one of his teachers in the elementary school, relying on what he had memorized from his grandfather’s choices in their home of poems and literary anthologies, which gradually qualified him to build the factors of his poetic construction, until he became a arranger of poems in secondary school, and a publisher It has periodicals and school wall magazines.

The deputies were able to make a literary fame for themselves by writing poetry in Standard Arabic in addition to the colloquial dialect circulating in Iraq.

Representatives (left standing) with a group of Iraqi writers in Nafrah al-Salman prison in the south of the country in 1963 (communication sites)

The principles of communism permeated the intellectual depth of the deputies, which prompted him to belong to the communist party in the country, making great sacrifices in its ranks, especially after the overthrow of the monarchy in 1958, and he remained as it was until 1963, and at that stage he was forced to leave his country, heading towards Iran to intensify the conflict Between the communists and the nationalists who took power in a coup that they carried out on February 8 of the same year.

But the Iranian intelligence at the time arrested him on his way to Russia and handed him over to the Iraqi authorities. The military court sentenced him to death, but the sentence was commuted to life imprisonment.

He spent a period in the famous Naqrat al-Salman prison in the Muthanna governorate in the south of the country, then was transferred to Hilla prison, south of Baghdad, and there he managed to escape and disappear in southern Iraq, where he worked for a Dutch company. that he had been expelled.

Journey to fame

The poem “Reading in the Book of Rain” organized by the Representatives in 1969 is considered his first stage of fame, after which he moved to a wider area in the world of fame among the Arab public by composing a poetic epic entitled “Night Strings” and written during 1972-1975, emphasizing his full commitment to Arab issues. Political and social nationalism, and his singing of it became a visible feature of his poetry.

After that, he became more famous in the political poetry that opposes and criticizes the Arab regimes, without complacency by resorting to the use of very bold vocabulary.

The satirical political poems of the representatives imposed on him to be a "poet of exile and loss," so he lived about five decades in exile between Arab and foreign exiles, distributed in his travels between Damascus, Beirut, Cairo, Tripoli, Algeria, Khartoum, the Sultanate of Oman, Eritrea and Iran, as well as Vietnam, Thailand, Greece, France, Britain and the United States, as well as For Venezuela, Brazil and Chile.

Representatives have been organizing and publishing his poetry evenings in Western capitals, specifically London, in which he recited his many poems that he dedicated to the Palestinian cause and its uprising (1987 and 2000) and urging resistance to the Israeli occupation, especially his poem “Jerusalem is the bride of your Arabism.”

Fate turned to the deputies with a look of sympathy and tenderness, to pave the way for him in May 2011, who was suffering from Parkinson's disease, to return to his country after being separated from him for more than 40 years, traveling in exile without stability. Baghdad.

The country afflicted by tyrants, dictatorships and intimidation of the people represents the problem of the representatives, so the most difficult thing a person can go through is leaving his homeland, so how about the poet, and the representatives did not leave his country arbitrarily, but the continuous restrictions on his movements and national activity prompted him to leave, to make his voice and his words enormous havens for the revolution.