China News Service, May 20. According to the China Government Network, the General Office of the State Council recently issued the "14th Five-Year Plan for National Health" (hereinafter referred to as the "Plan"), stating that from 2015 to 2020, my country's average life expectancy will increase from 76.34 By 2025, the average life expectancy will continue to increase by about 1 year on the basis of 2020, and the average healthy life expectancy will increase by the same proportion.

  The "Plan" pointed out that through efforts, the health level of the Chinese people has been continuously improved.

From 2015 to 2020, the average life expectancy will increase from 76.34 to 77.93, the infant mortality rate will decrease from 8.1‰ to 5.4‰, the mortality rate of children under 5 will decrease from 10.7‰ to 7.5‰, and the maternal mortality rate will decrease from 20.1/10 The number of 10,000 people dropped to 169/100,000, and the main health indicators were in the forefront of middle- and high-income countries, and the proportion of personal health expenditure in the total health expenditure dropped to 27.7%.

  At the same time, it should be noted that my country is still facing a complex situation in which multiple disease threats coexist and multiple health influencing factors are intertwined.

The global new crown pneumonia epidemic is still in a pandemic state, and the risk of emerging infectious diseases continues to exist, and some infectious diseases that have been controlled or eliminated face the risk of re-epidemic.

The incidence of chronic diseases is on the rise and shows a trend of younger people. The number of people suffering from common mental disorders and psychological and behavioral problems is increasing year by year. Issues such as food safety, environmental sanitation, and occupational health are still prominent.

At the same time, the aging process of the population is accelerating, and the demand for rehabilitation and nursing care is increasing rapidly.

The supply of prenatal and postnatal care and infant care services needs to be strengthened urgently.

It is necessary to speed up the improvement of national health policies, continue to promote the construction of a healthy China, and continuously meet the growing health needs of the people.

  The "Plan" proposes that by 2025, the health system will be further improved, the basic medical and health system with Chinese characteristics will be gradually improved, the ability to prevent and control major epidemics and public health emergencies will be significantly improved, the unique advantages of traditional Chinese medicine will be further utilized, and the ability to innovate in health science and technology will be further improved. Significantly increased, the average life expectancy will continue to increase by about 1 year on the basis of 2020, and the average healthy life expectancy will increase by the same proportion.

  ——The public health service capacity has been significantly enhanced.

A strong public health system that can effectively respond to major epidemics and public health emergencies and meet the needs of the national public health security situation will be basically established, and the capabilities of early monitoring, intelligent early warning, rapid response, efficient disposal, and comprehensive treatment will be significantly improved.

  - A number of major disease hazards have been controlled and eliminated.

The AIDS epidemic will continue to be controlled at a low prevalence level, the incidence of tuberculosis will be further reduced, the hazards of parasitic diseases, key endemic diseases and zoonotic diseases will continue to be controlled and eliminated, the rising trend of the incidence of major chronic diseases will be curbed, and the rising trend of psychological-related diseases will be slowed down. , Severe mental disorders and occupational diseases have been effectively controlled.

  ——The quality of medical and health services continued to improve.

The ability of primary medical and health services has been continuously improved, the comprehensive and full-cycle health service system has been gradually improved, the hierarchical diagnosis and treatment pattern has been gradually established, and the advantages of traditional Chinese medicine have been further demonstrated.

  ——The medical and health-related support capabilities and the development level of the health industry have been continuously improved.

The medical education and personnel training system adapted to the characteristics of the industry has been gradually improved, the innovation capacity of health and health science and technology has been further enhanced, the construction of health and health informatization has been accelerated, and health services, pharmaceutical manufacturing and other health industries have continued to develop.

  ——The national health policy system was further improved.

The system of health laws and regulations has been further improved, the reform of the medical and health care system has continued to deepen, the institutional system and health impact assessment and evaluation system to ensure the priority development of people's health have been gradually established, and the health and health governance capacity and level of governance have been further improved.

  Looking forward to 2035, a health system that is compatible with the basic realization of socialist modernization will be established, the basic medical and health care system with Chinese characteristics will be more perfect, the average life expectancy will reach over 80 years old, and the average healthy life expectancy will gradually increase.

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