Internet rumors that "well-known colleges and universities have withdrawn from the international university rankings" attracted attention from reporters for verification: true

  China Central Broadcasting Network Beijing, May 9 (Reporter Wang Ning) Recently, the Internet rumor that "Renmin University of China has withdrawn from the international university rankings" has attracted attention.

On the 8th, the reporter verified the information on the Internet and obtained confirmation from multiple authoritative sources and insiders.

  A number of people familiar with the matter said that the school leadership has reached a consensus and made a decision on "Renmin University of China's withdrawal from the international university rankings".

This decision is in line with the development direction of my country's education and will also become a trend.

  Among them, a relevant leader of the school revealed that Renmin University of China has indeed decided not to participate in the international rankings.

Another insider said that China's knowledge system has been developed for thousands of years, and it is the oldest, richest and most profound knowledge system in the world. It innovatively develops Chinese cultural traditions, creates China's independent knowledge system, and maintains Chinese education. Sovereignty and Cultural Sovereignty, "The withdrawal of universities such as Renmin University of China from the so-called 'international university rankings' reflects the autonomy and courage of Chinese universities, Chinese education, and Chinese culture".

  The reporter noticed that in addition to Renmin University of China, it is reported that Nanjing University and Lanzhou University have also withdrawn from the "International University Rankings" one after another.

On April 15, in the "Notice of the Nanjing University Committee of the Communist Party of China on the Seventh Round of Inspection, Rectification and Development of the 19th Central Committee" released on the website of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection "Plan" and "Nanjing University's "Double First-Class" Construction Universities Overall Construction Plan", the school development and discipline construction no longer use international rankings as important construction goals.

  A staff member of a relevant department of Lanzhou University said that the school has not participated in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings. "The Times contacted the school before and finally decided not to participate. When QS contacted the school before, it reported data for one year, and later There should be no further follow up."

Controversial experts in the "University Rankings": Rational view of Mo being kidnapped

  Wang Peng, associate professor of Renmin University of China, analyzed that the previous "world university rankings" need to be viewed from both sides.

On the one hand, the development of Chinese universities cannot rest on their laurels.

In the past decades, through international exchanges and international evaluation and evaluation system rankings, it has found its own shortcomings and made great progress.

For example, in recent years, China's comprehensive universities, represented by Tsinghua University, Peking University, and the University of Hong Kong, have gradually moved up in the global university rankings, which also proves the gradual improvement of the influence of China's higher education level.

Conversely, although everyone recognizes the rankings, it is worth thinking about how fair they are and whether they really reflect the overall situation of the university or discipline.

In addition, universities are not only more than academic research, but also guide the society with a sense of social responsibility, open up people's wisdom, and cultivate more talents. This is the development path of "double first-class" universities or Chinese universities in the future.

However, these may not be fully reflected in the current university ranking index system. Therefore, we cannot blindly believe in international university rankings. Chinese education also needs to conform to Chinese characteristics and reflect the connotation of Chinese universities.

  Xiong Bingqi, Dean of the 21st Century Education Research Institute, said that from the perspective of the nature of the university rankings, whether domestic or international, they are basically index rankings set by research institutions or the media based on their own understanding of how universities run schools. a social evaluation.

In the past decade or so, many colleges and universities have faced the problem of running schools according to the ranking indicators of university rankings.

However, these indicators and the overall ranking system have always been controversial. In particular, the World University Ranking needs to find quantifiable common indicators and data-explicit indicators for each university, such as size, proportion of doctoral degrees in faculty, proportion of graduate students, proportion of international students, etc. , which makes it easy for everyone to focus on quantity and ignore quality, and focus on scale and ignore connotation.

In particular, the academic indicators of the World University Rankings may account for more than 50% or 60%. As a result, if schools want to improve their rankings, they must increase their scale and volume, make fuss about quantity, and make papers with "utility". The problems existing in the university and what is criticized by the society.

Also, there is an overemphasis on leaderboards.

  Xiong Bingqi said that some universities have improved their rankings, but everyone is not satisfied with the quality of their talent training and the overall atmosphere of the school.

Therefore, the ranking list should be treated rationally. For example, schools can make decision-making reference based on some information and their own conditions, but they cannot run schools around the ranking list and become a "university in the ranking list", nor can the ranking list be regarded as a very important school running. Achievements are promoted, let alone chasing fame and fortune and being kidnapped by leaderboards.

"To be too concerned about the rankings will lead to chaos in the rankings of the ranking institutions. On the contrary, in order to improve the credibility of the rankings institutions, they will be more rigorous when setting indicators and obtaining the authenticity of the data, so as to play a better reference for running schools. ."

  Bai Wenxi, chief economist of IPG China, said that the World University Ranking is a ranking calculated and carried out by each organizer according to the evaluation system and index weight designed by itself. Therefore, it is also different and is only for reference by those in need or institutions. .

The reputation, strength and brand influence of a self-conscious university and institution are formed over a long period of time and comprehensive, and will not pay too much attention to a certain ranking list, let alone use it as the basis for assessment, "There are universities in China. Taking the initiative to withdraw from the world university rankings shows that the improvement of self-awareness and self-confidence will lead other domestic universities to treat the university ranking issue more objectively, which also reflects the new development strategies of some universities and the sustainable development and construction of themselves in the education reform Sex is more important."

How to walk out of the new road of building a world-class university with Chinese characteristics?

  In this regard, Xiong Bingqi believes that in order to build a distinctive university, we must first implement and expand the school's autonomy in running schools, and give universities more space for running schools. This is what our country has been talking about.

Xiong Bingqi said that one of the biggest problems at present is the lack of autonomy in running schools, including very similar phenomena in professional settings, curriculum settings, and education and teaching models.

However, if all universities are one-sided, it is impossible to build a university with individuality, and it is impossible to obtain a competitive position in the international competitive environment. Therefore, in recent years, the state has been emphasizing that education should promote the reform of “delegating power, delegating power and serving”, giving schools Greater autonomy in setting majors and courses is very important.

  Xiong Bingqi analyzed that, at present, it seems that there is a problem of "shooting the head" decision-making in the specific process of running a school.

For example, the establishment of majors is rushed, blindly chasing the so-called popular, the popular then becomes unpopular, and the ranking of many universities is actually based on the number to win, but behind the number there are two major problems, one is the pursuit of quick success and quick profits. ; Second, there are a large number of junk papers, and even academic misconduct and academic plagiarism.

Therefore, Chinese universities should carry out modern governance, reform the evaluation system, and strengthen professional evaluation and quality evaluation instead of quantitative evaluation and administrative evaluation. The evaluation reform of higher education institutions should also eliminate the phenomenon of "thesis only, professional title only, academic qualifications only, and awards only". .

  In addition, Xiong Bingqi pointed out that no matter what university is, the first priority is to cultivate talents, which is the most important.

But now some domestic universities do not put talent training in the first place, which is a very worthy of attention.

For example, the top universities rely on the publication of papers to improve, but there are problems of focusing on academic research, neglecting personnel training, and hollowing out schools.

For example, some local undergraduate colleges run schools around postgraduate entrance examinations, which cannot give students a complete education, let alone improve the quality of talent training.

Therefore, in order to run a first-class university, the first thing is to cultivate first-class talents. If you deviate from the cultivation of talents, you can't build a university with characteristics, and you can't build a high-quality school.

"If we want to run our own education rooted in China, we must really solve the key factors that restrict us from running such a university."