China News Agency, Beijing, May 1 (Reporter Li Jingze Liang Xiaohui) The newly revised Vocational Education Law will come into effect on May 1.
Make it clear that vocational education is an education type that has the same important status as general education, improve the recognition of vocational education, and establish and improve the vocational education system... Whether this law, which responds to many practical problems, can really bring spring to vocational education people, was held recently. In a collective interview about the newly revised Vocational Education Law, the relevant heads of various departments gave the answers.
China has the largest vocational education system in the world, with an average of 10 million graduates per year.
Although the state has continuously introduced favorable policies for vocational education in recent years, the problems of low social recognition and low education quality still restrict the development of vocational education.
In response to the above problems, this revision of the law takes "one integration, three links and two improvements" as the thinking and main line of the revision.
According to Song Fang, deputy director of the Administrative Law Office of the Legislative Affairs Commission of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, "one integration" refers to integration, that is, to promote the integration of production and education, school-enterprise cooperation, and give play to the role of enterprises as an important school-running body; "three links" means to promote vocational education and The integration of general education, the effective integration of vocational education at different levels, and the smooth channels for enrollment and further education and employment; "two promotions" refer to improving the quality of vocational education and improving the social recognition of vocational education.
In the public's previous cognition, the positioning of vocational education is ambiguous.
The newly revised Vocational Education Law rectifies the name of vocational education in legal form, and clarifies that "vocational education is an education type that has the same important status as general education".
"Since it is a specialized type of education, there will naturally be an independent and complete school system and training level." Lin Yu, deputy director of the Department of Vocational Education and Adult Education of the Ministry of Education of China, said that the Ministry of Education will establish a school system that meets the characteristics of vocational education through research. Measures such as the examination and enrollment system, the moderate development of vocational education with a long-term school system, and the promotion of the construction of a national credit bank for vocational education have promoted the effective integration of vocational education at different levels.
In addition, in the face of various restrictions that vocational school students may face in public recruitment by institutions and enterprises, Wang Xiaojun, deputy director of the Vocational Capacity Building Department of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of China, said that he will strengthen guidance to local public employment service agencies. Strengthen the management of employers in recruitment activities, ensure that the released recruitment information does not contain discriminatory conditions, and ensure that vocational college students enjoy fair employment opportunities and equal rights.
Of course, the iron has to be hard on its own.
While improving institutional guarantees and smoothing employment channels, vocational education wants to get rid of the stereotyped discrimination of “lower class” and improve the quality of vocational education, which plays a vital role in giving full play to the role of enterprises in running schools.
Zhang Tao, director of the Administrative Law Office of the Legislative Affairs Commission of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, pointed out that in practice, there are problems of "one end to the heat" of school-enterprise cooperation, "two skins" of talent supply and demand, and lack of motivation and low enthusiasm for enterprises to participate in running schools.
To this end, the revised Vocational Education Law clarifies that for qualified enterprises identified as integration of production and education, financial, fiscal, land and other support shall be provided in accordance with regulations, and education surcharges, local education surcharge reductions and exemptions, and other tax and fee incentives shall be implemented.
By encouraging enterprises to arrange internship positions, accepting students from vocational schools and vocational training institutions for internships, and supporting enterprises to set up vocational education scholarships and other measures to encourage and support enterprises to participate in vocational education.