Accelerate the construction of a powerful country in science and technology to achieve high-level scientific and technological self-reliance and self-reliance ※

Xi Jinping

On May 28, 2021, the 20th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the 15th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and the 10th National Congress of the China Association for Science and Technology were grandly held in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.

General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping attended the conference and delivered an important speech.

Xinhua News Agency reporter Ju Peng / photo

  Today, the 20th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the 15th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and the 10th National Congress of the China Association for Science and Technology were grandly opened.

This is a grand meeting for us to discuss and promote my country's scientific and technological innovation and development plan at the historical meeting point of the "two centenary" goals and an important moment when we start a new journey to build a socialist modernized country in an all-round way.

  First of all, on behalf of the Party Central Committee, I would like to extend my warm congratulations to the convening of the conference!

I would like to express my sincere condolences to the hardworking and dedicated scientific and technological workers in various positions!

May 30 is the fifth National Science and Technology Workers Day. I would like to extend holiday greetings to the vast number of scientific and technological workers across the country!

  This year marks the centenary of the founding of the Communist Party of China.

In each historical period of revolution, construction and reform, our party has attached great importance to the cause of science and technology.

From attaching great importance to the work of intellectuals during the revolutionary period, to sounding the horn of "March to Science" after the founding of the People's Republic of China, to the proposition that "science and technology are the primary productive forces" in the reform and opening up; The strategy of rejuvenating the country, the strategy of strengthening the country with talents, constantly improving the national innovation system, and building an innovative country. After the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, it was proposed that innovation is the primary driving force, comprehensively implement the innovation-driven development strategy, and build a world science and technology power. The business has always had a very important strategic position and played a very important strategic role.

  Since the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China has comprehensively analyzed the competition situation of international scientific and technological innovation, thoroughly studied and judged the development situation at home and abroad. Technological innovation work.

We adhere to the party's overall leadership of the science and technology cause, look at the general situation, seek the overall situation, and grasp the fundamentals, so as to form an efficient organization and mobilization system and an overall and coordinated scientific and technological resource allocation model.

We firmly grasp the strategic goal of building a world power in science and technology, seize the opportunity of global technological development with a sense of mission, responsibility and urgency to seize the day and strive to be the first in the basic frontier fields.

We give full play to the leading role of scientific and technological innovation, strive to make new breakthroughs in original innovation, achieve leapfrog development in important scientific and technological fields, promote the independent control of key core technologies, and strengthen the integration of innovation and industrial chains.

We have comprehensively deployed the reform of the scientific and technological innovation system, and introduced a series of major reform measures to improve the overall efficiency of the national innovation system.

We strive to implement the strategy of strengthening the country with talents, create a good ecological environment for talent innovation, gather talents from all over the world and use them, and fully stimulate the enthusiasm, initiative and creativity of the majority of scientific and technological personnel.

We expand open cooperation in the field of science and technology, actively integrate into the global science and technology innovation network, actively participate in solving major challenges facing mankind, and strive to promote scientific and technological innovation achievements to benefit more countries and people.

  In 2016, we held the National Science and Technology Innovation Conference, the Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Ninth National Congress of the China Association for Science and Technology. In 2018, we held the Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Over the past few years, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee and the joint efforts of the national scientific and technological community and all sectors of society, my country's scientific and technological strength is moving from quantitative accumulation to qualitative leap, from point breakthrough to system capability improvement, and scientific and technological innovation has achieved new achievements. historic achievement.

- Important progress has been made in basic research and original innovation.

The overall strength of basic research has been significantly strengthened, and the overall level of chemistry, materials, physics, engineering and other disciplines has been significantly improved.

A number of major original achievements have been made in frontier directions such as quantum information, stem cells, and brain science.

A number of major basic research missions have been successfully organized. "Chang'e 5" has returned samples of extraterrestrial celestial bodies, "Tianwen 1" has launched Mars exploration, and "Huairou 1" has successfully completed the all-sky monitor satellite for the high-energy electromagnetic counterpart of gravitational wave bursts Launched, "Huiyan" directly measured the strongest magnetic field in the universe so far, a 500-meter-aperture spherical radio telescope discovered a millisecond pulsar for the first time, a new generation of "artificial sun" was discharged for the first time, "Xuelong 2" made its maiden voyage to the South Pole, and 76 photons The quantum computing prototype "Nine Chapters" and the 62-bit programmable superconducting quantum computing prototype "Zu Chongzhi" were successfully launched.

A batch of major scientific and technological infrastructures with world-class level, such as spallation neutron sources, passed the acceptance check.

——A new leap was made in the strategic high-tech field.

Actively seize the commanding heights of science and technology in the fields of deep sea, deep space, deep earth and deep blue.

"Haidou-1" completed the 10,000-meter sea trial, "Striver" successfully landed on the bottom, the Beidou satellite navigation system was fully opened, the Tianhe core module of China's space station was successfully launched, and the "Long March-5" Yaosan carrier rocket was successfully launched. The strongest current deep core astrophysics accelerator successfully launched, the "Sunway TaihuLight" supercomputer realized the first-principles calculation simulation of tens of millions of cores in parallel for the first time, and the "Mozi" realized a thousand-kilometer quantum key without relay distribution.

"Tian Kun" successfully launched its first test voyage.

"Guohe No. 1" and "Hualong No. 1" made new breakthroughs in the third-generation nuclear power technology.

——New breakthroughs have been made in high-end industries.

The C919 large aircraft is ready for operation, the high-speed maglev test sample vehicle with a speed of 600 kilometers per hour has successfully run the test, and the largest diameter shield machine has successfully started.

Beijing Daxing International Airport was officially put into operation, and the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge was put into operation.

Smart manufacturing has made great progress, artificial intelligence and the digital economy are booming, image recognition and speech recognition are at the forefront of the world, and 5G mobile communication technology is the first to achieve large-scale application.

The development of new energy vehicles is accelerated.

Consumer drones account for more than half of the global market.

The continuous innovation of methanol-to-olefin technology has driven the rapid development of my country's coal-to-olefin industry.

——Science and technology have played an important role in the prevention and control of the new crown pneumonia epidemic.

The scientific and technological community has provided scientific and technological support for the party and the government to respond to the epidemic.

The world's first new coronavirus strain has been successfully isolated, the virus genome has been sequenced, a batch of clinical treatment drugs, testing equipment and reagents have been developed, and a variety of vaccines have been developed and applied. , resumption of work and production, etc., provided strong support, and fought a successful scientific and technological anti-epidemic battle.

——Remarkable achievements have been made in the field of people's livelihood science and technology.

Significant progress has been made in the localization and replacement of high-end medical equipment such as medical heavy ion accelerators, magnetic resonance imaging, color Doppler ultrasound, and CT.

Using scientific and technological means to build a new model of targeted poverty alleviation, cultivate technology industries and cultivate scientific and technological talents for poverty-stricken areas, and technology has played an important role in winning the battle against poverty.

The promotion and application of a number of key technologies, such as clean and efficient combustion of coal and ultra-low emission control of multi-pollutants from steel, has contributed to the improvement of air quality.

—— Significant achievements have been made in national defense science and technology innovation.

National defense technology strongly supports the research and development of major weapons and equipment. The first domestic aircraft carrier was launched, and the fifth-generation fighter J-20 officially entered service.

The Dongfeng-17 ballistic missile has been successfully developed, and my country is at the forefront of hypersonic weapons.

From April 10 to 13, 2022, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping inspected Hainan.

This is the afternoon of the 10th, Xi Jinping inspected the Yazhou Bay Seed Laboratory located in Yazhou Bay Science and Technology City, Sanya City.

Xinhua News Agency reporter Xie Huanchi / photo

  Practice has proved that my country's independent innovation is promising!

The vast number of scientific and technological workers in our country have great achievements!

The vast number of scientific and technological workers in our country must, with the spirit of advancing with the times, the courage to innovate and the perseverance, to face the world's scientific and technological frontiers, the main economic battlefield, the country's major needs, and the people's lives and health, grasp the general trend and seize the lead. Machines, face problems, face difficulties, shoulder the heavy responsibilities entrusted by the times, and strive to achieve high-level scientific and technological self-reliance and self-improvement!

  Fellow academicians, comrades, friends!

  The world today is undergoing profound changes unseen in a century. The international environment is complex and the world economy is in a downturn. The global industrial and supply chains are facing reshaping, and instability and uncertainty have increased significantly.

The impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic is extensive and far-reaching, and undercurrents of anti-globalization, unilateralism, and protectionism are surging.

Technological innovation has become the main battlefield of the international strategic game, and the competition around the commanding heights of science and technology is unprecedentedly fierce.

We must maintain a strong sense of urgency and make full mental and work preparations.

On October 26, 2021, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, visited the National "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" Scientific and Technological Innovation Achievement Exhibition at the Beijing Exhibition Center.

Xinhua News Agency reporter Xie Huanchi / photo

  At present, a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation is advancing by leaps and bounds, the paradigm of scientific research is undergoing profound changes, the interdisciplinary integration is developing continuously, and the infiltration and integration of science and technology and economic and social development is accelerating.

The breadth of scientific and technological innovation has increased significantly. The macroscopic world is as large as the operation of celestial bodies, the evolution of galaxies, and the origin of the universe, and the microscopic world is as small as gene editing, particle structure, and quantum control.

The depth of scientific and technological innovation has been significantly deepened, deep space exploration has become the commanding heights of scientific and technological competition, and deep sea and deep exploration have continuously expanded new horizons for human understanding of nature.

The speed of scientific and technological innovation has been significantly accelerated. The rapid development of emerging technologies represented by information technology and artificial intelligence has greatly expanded the scope of time, space and people's cognition. Human beings are entering an era of intelligent interconnection of all things with the ternary integration of "human-machine-object".

Basic research and applied research in biological sciences are developing rapidly.

The precision of scientific and technological innovation has been significantly enhanced, and the research on biological macromolecules and genes has entered a stage of precise regulation. From understanding life and transforming life to synthesizing life and designing life, it brings benefits to mankind, but also brings bioethical challenges.

  After years of hard work, the overall level of my country's science and technology has been greatly improved. We have the foundation, confidence, confidence and ability to seize the opportunity of the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, and take advantage of the momentum to make great achievements.

At the same time, we should also see that my country's original innovation capability is not strong, the overall efficiency of the innovation system is not high enough, the integration of scientific and technological innovation resources is not enough, the layout of scientific and technological innovation forces needs to be optimized, the efficiency of scientific and technological input and output is low, and the structure of scientific and technological personnel needs to be Optimization, the science and technology evaluation system does not meet the requirements of science and technology development, and the science and technology ecology needs to be further improved.

Many of these problems are long-standing difficulties and need to continue to be solved with great efforts.

  The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China established the strategic goal of becoming the forefront of innovative countries by 2035, and the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China proposed to adhere to the core position of innovation in the overall situation of my country's modernization drive, and to take scientific and technological self-reliance and self-improvement as a national development strategy support.

Based on the new stage of development, implementing new development concepts, building a new development pattern, and promoting high-quality development, we must thoroughly implement the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education, the strategy of strengthening the country with talents, and the strategy of innovation-driven development, improve the national innovation system, accelerate the construction of a strong country in science and technology, and realize high-level science and technology. Self-reliance.

First, strengthen original and leading scientific and technological research, and resolutely win the battle of key core technologies.

If science and technology are established, the nation will be established, and if science and technology are strong, the country will be strong.

Strengthening basic research is an inevitable requirement for the self-reliance of science and technology, and it is our inevitable choice from the unknown to the known, from uncertainty to certainty.

It is necessary to speed up the formulation of a ten-year action plan for basic research.

Basic research must be brave in exploration, highlight originality, advance the exploration and discovery of the evolution of the universe, the nature of consciousness, the structure of matter, the origin of life, etc., expand the boundaries of understanding nature, and open up new cognitive frontiers.

In basic research, it is necessary to apply traction and break through bottlenecks, condense scientific problems from practical problems faced by economic and social development and national security, and understand the basic theory and technical principles of "stuck neck" technology.

It is necessary to increase financial investment in basic research, optimize the expenditure structure, implement tax incentives for enterprises' basic research investment, and encourage the society to invest through multiple channels such as donations and establishment of funds, so as to form a sustainable and stable investment mechanism.

  In scientific and technological research, we must adhere to the problem orientation and focus on the most urgent and urgent problems.

Starting from the urgent and long-term needs of the country, we must make every effort to tackle key core technologies in oil and natural gas, basic raw materials, high-end chips, industrial software, crop seeds, instruments and equipment for scientific experiments, chemical preparations, etc., and accelerate breakthroughs in a number of drugs, medical Key core technologies in the fields of equipment, medical equipment, vaccines, etc.

In the basic core areas that are related to the overall development and national security, we should aim at cutting-edge areas such as artificial intelligence, quantum information, integrated circuits, advanced manufacturing, life and health, brain science, biological breeding, aerospace technology, and deep-sea technology. Approval of strategic and reserve technology research and development projects, aiming at the commanding heights of future technology and industrial development.

It is necessary to optimize financial investment in science and technology, focusing on strategic and key areas.

  The key to the integration of the innovation chain and the industrial chain is to establish the main position of enterprise innovation.

It is necessary to enhance the innovation power of enterprises, positively encourage enterprises to innovate, and reversely force enterprises to innovate.

It is necessary to give full play to the role of enterprise questioners, promote the coordination of key projects and the integration of R&D activities, accelerate the construction of an innovation consortium led by leading enterprises, supported by colleges and universities, and coordinated by various innovation entities, develop an efficient and powerful general technology supply system, and improve science and technology. Achievement transfer transformation effect.

  Modern engineering and technical science are an indispensable bridge between scientific principles and industrial development and engineering research, and play a key role in the modern science and technology system.

It is necessary to vigorously strengthen the multidisciplinary integration of modern engineering and technological scientific research, drive the development of basic science and engineering technology, and form a complete modern science and technology system.

Second, strengthen the national strategic scientific and technological strength and improve the overall efficiency of the national innovation system.

The competition among the world's scientific and technological powers is the national strategic scientific and technological strength.

National laboratories, national scientific research institutions, high-level research universities, and leading scientific and technological enterprises are all important parts of the national strategic scientific and technological strength, and must consciously fulfill the mission of high-level scientific and technological self-reliance and self-improvement.

  National laboratories should follow the requirements of the "four aspects", closely follow the general trend of world science and technology development, adapt to the missions and tasks proposed by my country's development for science and technology development, and make more strategic and key major scientific and technological achievements, and combine them with national key laboratories. Form a national laboratory system with Chinese characteristics.

  National scientific research institutions should be guided by national strategic needs, focus on solving major scientific and technological problems that affect the overall development and long-term interests of the country, accelerate the construction of original innovation sources, and accelerate breakthroughs in key core technologies.

  High-level research universities should better combine the development of the primary productive force of science and technology, the cultivation of talents as the primary resource, and the enhancement of innovation as the primary driving force, and give full play to the advantages of profound basic research and interdisciplinary integration, and become the main force of basic research and major scientific and technological breakthroughs. 's living force.

It is necessary to strengthen the connection between the construction of a research university and the national strategic goals and strategic tasks, strengthen basic frontier exploration and key technological breakthroughs, and strive to build a discipline system, academic system, and discourse system with Chinese characteristics, Chinese style, and Chinese style, in order to cultivate more outstanding talent to contribute.

  Leading technology companies should take advantage of market demand, integrated innovation, and organizational platforms to open up a channel from strong technology to strong enterprises, strong industries, and strong economies.

It is necessary to take the lead of enterprises, integrate and gather innovation resources, form a cross-domain, large-scale collaboration, and high-intensity innovation base, carry out research and development of key industrial technologies, transformation and industrialization of scientific and technological achievements, and sharing services of scientific and technological resources, and promote projects, bases, and talents in key areas. , the integrated allocation of funds, and improve my country's industrial basic capabilities and industrial chain modernization level.

  Each region should base itself on its own advantages and combine the needs of industrial development to scientifically and rationally deploy scientific and technological innovation.

It is necessary to support qualified places to build comprehensive national science centers or regional science and technology innovation centers, making them a gathering place for technological innovation in the world's frontier fields of science, emerging industries, and global technological innovation elements.

Third, promote the reform of the scientific and technological system and form a basic system that supports comprehensive innovation.

It is necessary to improve the new national system under the conditions of the socialist market economy, give full play to the role of the state as a major organizer of scientific and technological innovation, support strategic scientific plans and scientific projects with long cycles, high risks, high difficulties and promising prospects, and pay attention to systematic layout and system development. Organization, cross-border integration, and twist the forces of the government, market, society and other aspects into a single rope to form an overall advantage in the future.

It is necessary to promote the better combination of effective market and promising government, give full play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, guide the effective allocation of innovation resources through market demand, and form a strong synergy to promote scientific and technological innovation.

On the afternoon of October 22, 2021, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, presided over a symposium on in-depth promotion of ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin in Jinan City, Shandong Province and delivered an important speech.

Before the symposium, Xi Jinping inspected the situation of independent innovation in the carbon dioxide gas drive laboratory of Dongying Shengli Oilfield Exploration and Development Research Institute on the afternoon of the 21st.

Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Xueren / photo

  It is necessary to focus on improving the basic reforms such as the evaluation system, adhere to the evaluation orientation of quality, performance, and contribution as the core, and comprehensively and accurately reflect the level of achievement innovation, transformation and application performance, and actual contribution to economic and social development.

In terms of project evaluation, it is necessary to establish and improve an evaluation system that conforms to the laws of scientific research activities, improve the classification evaluation system for free-exploration and task-oriented science and technology projects, and establish an evaluation mechanism for non-consensus science and technology projects.

In terms of talent evaluation, it is necessary to "break the four uniques" and "set new standards" at the same time, and accelerate the establishment of a scientific and technological talent evaluation system oriented by innovation value, ability and contribution.

It is necessary to support scientific research institutions to explore and try out a more flexible salary system, stabilize and strengthen the team of scientific researchers engaged in basic, cutting-edge, and public welfare research, and provide guarantees for their safe scientific research.

From October 12 to 13, 2020, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, state president, and chairman of the Central Military Commission, inspected Guangdong.

This is the afternoon of the 12th. Xi Jinping was in the laboratory of Chaozhou Sanhuan (Group) Co., Ltd. in Chaozhou City to learn about the independent innovation and industrial upgrading of enterprises.

Xinhua News Agency reporter Wang Ye / photo

  Science and technology management reform can not only do "addition", it must be good at "subtraction".

It is necessary to show greater courage to promote the transformation of scientific and technological management functions. In accordance with the positioning of strategy, reform, planning, and service, we should change our style of work, improve our capabilities, reduce direct interventions such as sharing money, materials, and setting projects, and strengthen planning policies. Guidance, giving more autonomy to scientific research units, giving scientists greater power to decide on technical routes and the right to use funds, so that scientific research units and researchers can be liberated from cumbersome and unnecessary institutional constraints!

  Innovation doesn't matter where you come from, and heroes don't matter where they come from.

It is necessary to reform the establishment and organization and management of major scientific and technological projects, and implement systems such as "revealing the list and taking command" and "horse racing".

It is necessary to study real problems and form real lists and real lists.

It is necessary to really study the problem, let those leading scientific and technological talents who want to do things, can do things, and do things successfully take command of the expedition, and implement the system of responsibility of the chief technical engineer, the system of fund contracting, and the system of credit commitment, so that there are no thresholds regardless of qualifications, so that there are real talents. Practical science and technology personnel heroes are useful!

Fourth, build an open innovation ecosystem and participate in global technology governance.

Science and technology are universal and epochal, and are the common wealth of mankind.

It is necessary to coordinate development and security, plan and promote innovation from a global perspective, actively integrate into the global innovation network, focus on issues such as climate change and human health, and strengthen joint research and development with researchers from various countries.

It is necessary to take the initiative to design and take the lead in launching international major scientific plans and major scientific projects, and establish a global-oriented scientific research fund.

  Technology is a weapon for development, and it may also become a source of risk.

It is necessary to forward-lookingly study and judge the rule conflicts, social risks, and ethical challenges brought about by the development of science and technology, and improve relevant laws and regulations, ethical review rules and regulatory frameworks.

It is necessary to deeply participate in global science and technology governance, contribute Chinese wisdom, shape the cultural concept of science and technology for good, let science and technology better enhance human well-being, and let Chinese science and technology make greater contributions to promoting the building of a community with a shared future for mankind!

Fifth, stimulate the innovative vitality of various talents and build a global talent highland.

The world's scientific and technological power must be able to attract talents, retain talents and make good use of talents on a global scale.

In order to achieve high-level scientific and technological self-reliance and self-improvement, my country must rely on high-level innovative talents in the final analysis.

  Cultivating innovative talents is a major plan for the long-term development of a country and a nation.

In the final analysis, the competition in today's world is the competition of talents and education.

It is necessary to pay more attention to the independent cultivation of talents, and to pay more attention to the cultivation and cultivation of scientific spirit, innovation ability and critical thinking.

It is necessary to pay more attention to the training of young talents, strive to cultivate a group of top scientific and technological talents with world influence, steadily support a group of innovative teams, and cultivate more high-quality technical talents, skilled craftsmen, and great country craftsmen.

Our country's education can cultivate masters, we must have this confidence!

It is necessary to create an environment that respects labor, knowledge, talents, and creation in the whole society, and forms a fashion of advocating science, so that more young people have scientific dreams and establish innovative aspirations.

"Plant the plane tree and attract the golden phoenix." It is necessary to build a scientific research and innovation highland that gathers outstanding talents from all over the world, and improve the policies for high-end talents and professionals to work, scientific research and exchanges in China.

  Scientific and technological innovation is inseparable from the long-term investment of scientific and technological personnel.

In order to ensure the time of scientific research personnel, the central government proposed in 1961 to "guarantee scientific and technological personnel to have 5 days a week to engage in scientific research work".

Guarantee time is to protect innovation ability!

It is necessary to establish a guarantee mechanism that allows scientific researchers to focus their main energy on scientific research, so that scientific and technological personnel can devote their main energy to scientific and technological innovation and research and development activities.

All kinds of occasional and entertainment activities will not bring any loss if less scientific and technological personnel participate!

The scientific and technical personnel must not be allowed to spend a lot of time on some unnecessary ushering and sending activities, on unnecessary evaluation and evaluation activities, and on various formalism and bureaucracy activities!

  Fellow academicians, comrades, friends!

  The Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering are the highest academic institutions in the national science and technology circles and engineering science and technology circles, and are national strategic scientific and technological forces.

It is necessary to give full play to the academic leading role of the two institutes as the national team, the role of key core technology research, and the role of innovative talent training, to solve major original scientific problems, to bravely innovate "no man's land", to break through the key core technologies that restrict development, to discover and cultivate , Gather a group of high-quality talents and high-level innovation teams.

It is necessary to strengthen the national high-end think tank functions of the two houses, play the role of strategic scientists, actively carry out consultation and review, and serve national decision-making.

From January 16 to 18, 2019, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping inspected Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, hosted the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Coordinated Development Symposium and delivered an important speech.

On the morning of January 17, Xi Jinping had cordial exchanges with teachers and students at the State Key Laboratory of Elemental Organic Chemistry at Nankai University in Tianjin.

Xinhua News Agency reporter Ding Lin / photo

  The China Association for Science and Technology should shoulder the responsibility of the bridge and link between the party and the government to connect with scientific and technological workers, and insist on serving scientific and technological workers, innovation-driven development, improving the scientific quality of the whole people, and serving the scientific decision-making of the party and the government. Unite the vast number of scientific and technological workers around the party, carry forward the spirit of scientists, and cultivate a good style of study.

We must continue to face the world and the future, increase openness, trust and cooperation with the international scientific and technological community, and make greater contributions to building a modern socialist country in an all-round way and promoting the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.

  Academician is the highest honorary title in my country's science and technology and engineering science and technology fields.

Academicians of the two academies are the wealth of the country, the pride of the people, and the glory of the nation.

Since the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, we have reformed the academician system and achieved positive results.

The Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China proposed to deepen the reform of the academician system, so that the title of academician should be further returned to honor and academic character.

In the selection of academicians, it is necessary to break the ranking of seniority, eliminate the influence of non-academic factors, strengthen social supervision, and maintain the purity of the title of academician.

  Here, I would like to give some hope to the academicians.

——I hope that the majority of academicians will set an example in minding the motherland and serving the people.

On the journey of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, generations of scientists have devoted their hearts to the motherland and the people.

In the new era, it is even more necessary to carry forward the spirit of patriotism with the destiny of the country as its own responsibility, and it is even more necessary to continue to carry forward the spirit of scientists with patriotism as its background.

The majority of academicians should not forget their original aspirations, keep their mission in mind, respond to the call of the party, obey the call of the motherland, maintain a deep sense of family and country and a strong sense of social responsibility, and do their best and make unremitting struggle for the party, the motherland, and the people!

——I hope that the majority of academicians will set an example for pursuing the truth and climbing the peak bravely.

The mission of science is to explore truth and discover new knowledge.

All truly original knowledge needs to break through the existing knowledge system.

"Good scholars do their best, and good deeds do their best." The majority of academicians should bravely climb the peak of science, dare to be the first, pursue excellence, strive to explore the frontiers of science, discover and solve new scientific problems, and propose new concepts, theories, and methods. , open up new fields and directions, and form new frontier schools.

It is necessary to overcome difficulties, gather intelligence to tackle key problems, aim at the key core technical problems of "stuck neck", and lead the team to make major breakthroughs.

——I hope that the majority of academicians will set an example of adhering to academic ethics and rigorous scholarship.

Integrity is an inevitable requirement of the scientific spirit.

The majority of academicians should be role models of academic ethics, adhere to academic ethics and scientific research ethics, practice academic norms, make academic ethics and scientific spirit internalized in their hearts and externalized in their actions, cultivate a clean and upright scientific research environment, and cultivate rigorous and truth-seeking scientific culture.

Human energy is limited. Academicians should focus more on scientific research, minimize part-time jobs, and focus more on their professional fields.

——I hope that the majority of academicians will set an example of being a ladder for people and rewarding future students.

"There are talented people in the country from generation to generation", "Heroes from ancient times have produced young people".

The majority of academicians should play the role of mentors in identifying, cultivating and using talents in the cultivation of innovative talents.

"Talents, talents are also valuable, and make them valuable." We must teach by words and deeds, carry forward academic democracy, be willing to be the paving stones and leaders of future studies, vigorously break the culture of seniority and circle culture, and encourage young people to be bold and innovative. Innovation makes young talents rush out like spring water.

  Party committees and governments at all levels must fully respect talents, care for academicians politically, support their work, and care for their lives, listen carefully to the opinions of the majority of scientific researchers including academicians, and strengthen scientific management and service guarantees for scientific research activities. personnel to create a good innovation environment.

  Fellow academicians, comrades, friends!

  The new journey of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way has begun, and the clarion call for marching towards the second centenary goal has been sounded.

Let us unite, be brave in innovation, work tenaciously, and make new and greater contributions to building a world power in science and technology and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation!

  ※This is a speech delivered by General Secretary Xi Jinping at the 20th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the 15th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and the 10th National Congress of the China Association for Science and Technology on May 28, 2021.

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