China News Service, Beijing, April 29 (Sweet) The 76th UN General Assembly passed a resolution on the 26th, stipulating that after the permanent members of the Security Council exercise their veto power, the UN General Assembly will automatically hold a formal meeting, and all UN members can exercise their veto power. Review and comment.

  Does this mean that the permanent members of the Security Council will be restricted from using the veto power in the future?

Why should the UN General Assembly restrict this?

When interviewed by Chinanews.com, experts on UN issues all believed that this new resolution does not constitute substantive legal effect, but more of a moral pressure.

On April 26, the UN General Assembly passed a new resolution concerning the veto power of permanent members of the Security Council.

Image source: Screenshot of video from the United Nations website.

Resolution passed: Will the veto power of the five permanent members be limited?

  The resolution passed without a vote on April 26 stipulates that when one or more permanent members of the Security Council exercise their veto power, the President of the General Assembly shall convene a formal meeting of the General Assembly within 10 working days to discuss the issues concerning the veto power. issue, unless the General Assembly is holding an emergency special session on the same issue.

  According to the Charter of the United Nations, the five permanent members of the Security Council (China, the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom and France) can exercise veto power when voting on non-procedural matters, and resolutions on non-procedural matters require no veto from the five permanent members before they can be passed. .

  In this regard, Richard Mills, the deputy permanent representative of the United States to the United Nations, said that the United States is deeply concerned about the abuse of the veto power granted to the members of the five permanent members.

"In particular, we are particularly disturbed by Russia's pattern of veto abuse over the past decade."

  Gennady Kuzmin, Russia's deputy permanent representative to the United Nations, responded, "Although (the resolution) is beautifully packaged, there is no doubt that it is an attempt to exert pressure on the permanent members of the Security Council."

  After the resolution was passed, Jiang Hua, Counselor of the Permanent Mission of China to the United Nations, made an explanatory statement, saying that based on China's consistent position on the role of the UN General Assembly, China can understand and agree with the starting point of the resolution.

  However, Jiang Hua also said that in actual work, there are various specific situations in which the Security Council cannot take action.

The resolution passed at this meeting gave the UN General Assembly a new mandate, which means the establishment of a mechanism that automatically triggers the meeting of the UN General Assembly, which is likely to cause confusion and confusion in the process in practice.

It is difficult to determine whether such an arrangement will achieve the intended purpose of the resolution.

Expert analysis: difficult to have substantial effect

  Zheng Qirong, a professor at China Foreign Affairs University, pointed out in an interview with Chinanews.com that the new resolution of the UN General Assembly cannot prevent the five permanent members from exercising the veto power in practice, but it will create a kind of moral pressure on it.

Zheng Qirong believes that the permanent members of the Security Council will be more cautious when using the veto, because the subsequent international reaction will be taken into account.

  Jia Lieying, director of the Center for United Nations Studies at Beijing Language and Culture University, also believes that the new resolution of the United Nations General Assembly will not constitute a substantive impact.

Because the UN General Assembly is not like the Security Council, some resolutions passed in the past have no legal effect and are not enforceable.

However, it is understandable for the UNGA's approach, that is, to create an environment in which all countries, big and small, are equal and listen to everyone's voices.

  Since the establishment of the United Nations, the country with the most vetoes has been the former Soviet Union (Russia), followed by the United States.

Judging from the United States' public support for the new resolution of the UN General Assembly this time, Jia Lieying believes that the United States still wants to limit the veto power of others, thereby influencing its opponents to play a relevant role in the United Nations.

  Jia Lieying believes that major countries have special responsibilities for world peace and security.

And behind the new resolution passed by the UN General Assembly this time, it is obvious that there are big powers' motivations and ideas to promote it.

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