China News Agency, United Nations, April 26. The 76th United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution on the 26th, stipulating that after the permanent members of the Security Council exercise their veto power, the General Assembly will automatically convene a formal meeting, and all UN members can review and review the actions that exercise the veto power. Comment.
According to the principle of majority consensus, the resolution was adopted without a vote (adopted by consensus).
The resolution stipulates that when one or more permanent members of the Security Council exercise the veto, the President of the General Assembly shall convene a formal meeting of the General Assembly within 10 working days to debate the issues involved in the veto, unless the General Assembly is holding an emergency meeting on the same issue. special session.
The permanent members of the Security Council exercising the veto are given priority to speak at the meeting in order to explain the situation related to the exercise of the veto.
After the resolution was passed, Jiang Hua, Counselor of the Permanent Mission of China to the United Nations, made an explanatory statement, saying that Liechtenstein and other countries submitted the resolution under the agenda item "Strengthening the United Nations System", expressing that "the purpose is to enable the General Assembly to be authorized by the United Nations Charter to play a role in matters of international peace and security, and contribute to effective multilateralism.”
Based on our consistent position on the role of the UN General Assembly, we can understand and agree with the starting point of this resolution.
Jiang Hua said that the "United Nations Charter" delegates "main responsibility for maintaining international peace and security to the Security Council".
China has always participated in the work of the Security Council in a constructive and responsible manner, and advocates that the Security Council should be committed to peaceful settlement of disputes, promote dialogue and consultation to resolve differences, and work with the General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council, the International Court of Justice and relevant regional organizations in the performance of their respective powers and powers. strengthen coordination.
We have been actively promoting the Security Council to improve its working methods, enhance transparency, and expand the participation of Council members, especially small and medium-sized countries.
Jiang Hua said that the UN Charter defines the special responsibilities of the permanent members of the Security Council. The permanent members must show mutual respect, reflect the common security needs of the international community, and insist that all countries, regardless of size, are equal.
China actively advocates the concept of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, and has always fulfilled its international responsibilities and obligations with practical actions. We have always determined our position in the Security Council with an attitude of being responsible to the UN Charter and history.
Jiang Hua said that we are in favor of member states discussing on the platform of the UN General Assembly regarding the disagreement among the permanent members, which prevents the Security Council from taking action on major issues related to peace and security.
The "United for Peace" mechanism provides arrangements for the holding of an emergency special session of the General Assembly in this regard.
Practice over the years has shown that this arrangement allows Member States to play a role on major issues concerning international peace and security.
At the same time, in the actual work of the Security Council, there are various specific situations in which the Security Council cannot take action.
The resolution passed at this meeting gave the UN General Assembly a new mandate, which means the establishment of a mechanism that automatically triggers the meeting of the UN General Assembly, which is likely to cause confusion and confusion in the process in practice.
It is difficult to determine whether such an arrangement will achieve the intended purpose of the resolution.
According to the UN Charter, the five permanent members of the Security Council have a veto power when voting on non-procedural matters of the Security Council.