Fujian's ecological cloud platform, Chongqing's river sewage outfall remediation one map application platform, Shaanxi's digital rural ecological environment management platform... With the development of digital technology, the use of big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, Internet of Things, etc. technology, and the innovative practice of digitally empowering ecological environment governance is carried out all over the country.
"Clairvoyance" real-time monitoring data
In the smart environmental protection command center of Yangling District, Xianyang City, Shaanxi Province, the latest monitoring data of Yangling's air quality, water environment quality, enterprise electricity consumption, dust, motor vehicle exhaust, and straw burning are displayed on a large screen in real time.
It is reported that the intelligent environmental protection command center has set up 15 alarm mechanisms for abnormal data and 5 intelligent traceability models. Sitting in the command center, staff can rely on the "clairvoyance" of environmental monitoring to grasp the environmental quality of Yangling in real time. .
At present, ecological protection, environmental protection law enforcement and inspections have entered the era of intelligence, and intelligent monitoring equipment such as "intelligent sentinel systems", multi-functional water quality monitoring robots, and water facility inspection robots have been continuously put into use.
Pollution control, atmospheric environment control, water ecological environment system governance... With the application of digital technology in more and more ecological environment governance fields, informatization and intelligence have become the new development trend of China's ecological environment governance.
The Central Cyber Security and Informatization Commission issued the "14th Five-Year Plan for National Informatization", proposing to create a smart and efficient digital governance system for the ecological environment, improve the level of intelligent monitoring and supervision of the ecological environment, improve the information platform for comprehensive management of the ecological environment, and support accurate Pollution control, scientific pollution control, pollution control according to law.
"Informatization is a key means to promote high-level protection of the ecological environment and the basic support for building a modern ecological environment governance system," said Zhang Bo, chief engineer of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment.
Use AI to Guard "Lucid Waters and Lush Mountains"
In the integrated water quality automatic monitoring station of Guanyinyan in Bishan District, Chongqing, the environmental protection system automatically collects and analyzes water samples from the monitoring section every 4 hours, and uploads the real-time monitoring data to the "Eco-environmental Big Data Platform".
Liu Xiao, director of the Big Data Technology Office of the Chongqing Ecological Environment Big Data Center, said that the ecological environment big data platform has intelligent functions such as analysis of water environment problems, identification of pollution types, and dynamic estimation of emissions, shortening the traceability of water environment problems to a few hours. , greatly improve the traceability efficiency and accuracy, and can achieve traceability of river sections, townships, and pollution types.
It is reported that at the end of 2021, the Chongqing Eco-Environmental Big Data Center was selected into the "List of National Intelligent Social Governance Experimental Bases", becoming a typical example of information technology to improve the ability of ecological environment governance.
Industry insiders pointed out that building a digital governance system for the ecological environment requires not only strong core technical support, but also exploration of a comprehensive three-dimensional technology application model.
For example, the “Eco-environmental Monitoring AI Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Pilot” in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province has built a full-process automatic monitoring and analysis system to realize full-process and fully automatic monitoring. The laboratory also realizes automatic intelligent judgment and early warning of abnormal data to ensure the water environment. Provide powerful intelligent support.
Constructing the Ecology of Industrial Information Chain
At present, the supporting role of digital means for ecological environment governance still needs to be explored and deepened.
For example, the in-depth application level of monitoring data such as big data platform construction and pollution traceability analysis needs to be improved; regional and inter-basin ecological environment problems have governance difficulties such as large amount of data, independent information, and difficulty in coordination between upstream and downstream.
China is making continuous efforts to promote the digital governance of the ecological environment.
On February 18, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment issued the "Pilot Work Plan for the Innovative Application of Ecological Environment Smart Monitoring", which requires accelerating the modernization of the ecological environment monitoring system and monitoring capabilities, and building an ecological environment intelligent monitoring system.
The "14th Five-Year Plan for National Informatization" proposes that by 2023, the dynamic monitoring network and supervision system of natural resources, ecological environment, national parks, water conservancy and energy will be further improved; , National park construction, water resources protection and energy utilization and other digital, networked and intelligent levels have been greatly improved, which strongly supports the construction of a beautiful China.
Experts believe that in the future, environmental governance will pay more attention to source and process management, and digital, refined and systematic solutions to environmental problems will be an important development direction in the future.
It is necessary to rely on big data technology and digital integration platform to promote real-time dynamic monitoring of ecological environment indicators in air, water, soil and other aspects, and realize integrated dynamic monitoring and regulation.
At the same time, relying on blockchain and cloud computing technology, it will promote the development of tourism industry, environmental protection industry, health industry, health care and leisure industry, and build an industrial information chain ecology.
Our reporter Gao QiaoKeywords: