Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, March 29th, title: Leave a beautiful home for future generations - General Secretary Xi Jinping is concerned about promoting the greening of the land.

  Xinhua News Agency reporter

  The vegetation is growing, and spring mountains are in sight.

In China in March, it is a good time to plant trees again.

  Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, every spring, General Secretary Xi Jinping has planted trees with all walks of life in the capital.

  Taking the lead in setting an example and planting trees, emphasizing strengthening ecological protection and adhering to green development, General Secretary Xi Jinping has always cared about the cause of land greening and led the promotion of ecological civilization construction.

Under the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Ecological Civilization, the whole party and the people of the whole country are striving for the beautiful dream of building a green home.

  Green Hope——General Secretary Xi Jinping stands at the height of the sustainable development of the Chinese nation, incorporates the construction of ecological civilization into the overall layout of "five in one", and points out the direction for the thick planting of forest and grass resources

  Yongding River, spring is getting stronger.

The white-bark pine planted by General Secretary Xi Jinping ten years ago has luxuriant branches and leaves.

  Haidian District, Chaoyang District, Daxing District, Tongzhou District... There are many tree planting sites in Beijing, and the saplings planted by General Secretary Xi Jinping have grown vigorously.

  "Planting afforestation is not only green saplings, but also the bright future of the motherland." General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out.

  General Secretary Xi Jinping has always attached great importance to ecological protection.

"We should put ecological protection in a more prominent position, protect the ecological environment like protecting eyes, and treat the ecological environment like life."

Taking "eyes" and "life" as metaphors, it demonstrates the general secretary's profound understanding of correctly handling the relationship between economic development and ecological and environmental protection in the new era.

  Taking the pulse of the relationship between ecology and civilization, General Secretary Xi Jinping thought deeply——

  For a long time, especially since the Industrial Revolution, human beings have carried out unprecedented transformations on nature. Along with the rapid development of productivity, the natural ecosystem has also undergone tremendous changes. Forests have disappeared, wetlands have been degraded, soil erosion has occurred, droughts and water shortages, and frequent floods have occurred. serious ecological crises such as development and global warming.

  my country is one of the countries with the most serious land ecological security problems in the world, such as soil erosion, land desertification, rocky desertification and salinization.

Monitoring shows that in 2009, the area of ​​desertified land in my country accounted for 18.03% of the national land area; the area of ​​soil erosion accounted for 30% of the national land area.

  General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out profoundly: "The prosperity of ecology leads to the prosperity of civilization, and the decline of ecology leads to the decline of civilization."

  Green is the basic color of a beautiful China in the mind of General Secretary Xi Jinping.

Coming from the Loess Plateau, he has a deep memory of the harm of soil erosion; during his work in Fujian, he went to Changting for research five times to promote the control of soil erosion in Changting.

He once said sadly that the Hexi Corridor and the Loess Plateau used to be rich in water and grass. Due to deforestation and indiscriminate logging, the ecological environment was severely damaged and the economic decline was exacerbated.

  "my country is still a country with a lack of forests and greenery, and a fragile ecology. Planting trees and improving the ecology is a long way to go." When he participated in the voluntary tree planting activities in the capital in 2013, General Secretary Xi Jinping's judgment profoundly affected our country. Ecological Civilization Practice.

  Forest is the main body of terrestrial ecology and the foundation of human existence.

  General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized: "We must look at this issue from the perspective of the historical development of the Chinese nation, leave a beautiful home for future generations, and let the history of the Spring and Autumn period leave a positive record for contemporary Chinese people."

  Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has regarded the construction of ecological civilization as an important part of promoting the overall layout of the "five-in-one" and the strategic layout of the "four comprehensives". Land greening is an important part of ecological civilization. aspects are highly valued.

  Every time he participates in voluntary tree planting, General Secretary Xi Jinping earnestly entrusts the cause of land greening:

  "The predecessors planted trees, and the later generations enjoyed the shade. Our generation is to use our own efforts to benefit future generations";

  "We must insist on nationwide mobilization, planting trees and afforestation by all people, and strive to turn the building of a beautiful China into people's conscious actions";

  "It is necessary to innovate the responsible form of voluntary tree planting, so that the people can better and more easily participate in land greening, provide the people with more high-quality ecological products, and let the people share the achievements of ecological civilization construction"...

  Under the leadership of General Secretary Xi Jinping, hundreds of millions of people have been unswerving in the pace of planting trees.

  Saihanba, the "green pearl" in northern Hebei, was a vast wasteland where birds did not live and the yellow sand covered the sky half a century ago.

The three generations of Saihanba Forest Farmers have insisted on planting trees for many years, watering millions of mu of artificial forest with sweat, which has played an important role in windbreak and sand fixation and water conservation in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region.

  In August 2017, General Secretary Xi Jinping made important instructions on the touching deeds of the builders of the Saihanba Forest Farm in Hebei, and praised the builders of the forest farm for "creating the miracle of the wasteland turning into the forest and sea, and using practical actions to explain that green water and green mountains are invaluable assets. The idea of ​​​​forged the Saihanba spirit of keeping in mind the mission, hard work, and green development."

  Four years later, the general secretary came to the Moon Mountain of Saihanba Mechanical Forest Farm, and went deep into the green and boundless forest to visit the forest rangers. "We built this forest, and its ecological barrier function must be played forever."

  More than 1,700 kilometers to the west from Saihanba, at the foot of Qilian Mountain, the story of three generations of people from the Babu Sand Forest Farm represented by the "six old men" has continued to control the sand.

  In August 2019, along the bumpy gravel road, General Secretary Xi Jinping came to Babu Sand Forest Farm for investigation and investigation.

  Several forest farm workers were carrying out the "grass grid pressing sand" operation. General Secretary Xi Jinping walked over and asked them about the operation method. He picked up a furrowing plow and worked with them. After a while, he drove a ditch on the sand. A straight ditch more than two meters long.

  "We must continue to carry forward the contemporary Yugong spirit of the 'six old men', carry forward their enterprising spirit of not bowing their heads in the face of difficulties and daring to turn the desert into an oasis, make persistent efforts, make new contributions, and make long-term contributions to make the green Great Wall indestructible." General Secretary Xi Jinping Say.

  A deep grasp of the laws of nature is an inevitable requirement for greening.

  In the view of General Secretary Xi Jinping, ecology is a unified natural system, an organic chain that is interdependent and closely linked.

In November 2013, he first proposed the concept of "landscapes, forests, fields and lakes are a community of life", and then included "grass" in it.

  General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that use control and ecological restoration must follow the laws of nature.

  Grassland is an important terrestrial ecosystem in my country.

80% of the water volume of the Yellow River and 30% of the water volume of the Yangtze River come from grassland areas.

For a long time, the grassland demanded more and less investment, and the phenomenon of overloading and overgrazing was prominent. Coupled with factors such as climate change, most grasslands in my country were degraded to varying degrees.

  In 2018, the party and state institutions were reformed to form the State Forestry and Grassland Bureau.

  In March 2021, the General Office of the State Council issued the "Several Opinions on Strengthening Grassland Protection and Restoration" to promote grassland ecological restoration.

  Through unremitting efforts, the continuous deterioration of grassland ecology in my country has been initially curbed. At the end of the "13th Five-Year Plan", the comprehensive vegetation coverage of grasslands reached 56.1%.

  "To coordinate the management of mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, grass and sand systems, the word 'sand' must be added here." General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out when participating in the deliberation of the Inner Mongolia delegation during the National Two Sessions in 2021.

  The scientific concept of continuous deepening and expansion has become an important guide for land greening and ecological civilization construction in the new era.

  The power of green - General Secretary Xi Jinping has a people-centered development concept, leads the construction of ecological security barriers, and makes a good ecological environment a growth point for people's quality of life

  In the warm spring sun, the Yani Wetland where the Yarlung Zangbo River and the Niyang River meet, the water is turbulent, and black-necked cranes and bar-headed geese are chirping and flying over from time to time.

  The hour hand is set back to July 2021——

  On the Niyang River Bridge, overlooking the Yanni Wetland with rippling water and lush vegetation, General Secretary Xi Jinping urged, "We must adhere to the priority of protection, adhere to the integrated protection and systematic management of mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, grass, sand and ice" and "protect the living creatures here." , Thousands of Waters and Thousands of Mountains".

  The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is known as the "third pole of the earth" and "Asia's water tower", and is an important ecological security barrier in China and even Asia.

General Secretary Xi Jinping's requirements for ecological protection of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau are clear and specific, emphasizing that the party's strategy for governing Tibet in the new era "must adhere to ecological protection first".

  Today, about 80% of Tibet's land area is prohibited and restricted development areas.

Farmers and herdsmen have become field guards, forest guards, and wetland guards, becoming the "ecological guardians" of the snow-covered plateau. The ecology of the snow-covered plateau is improving year by year.

  Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has adhered to the people-centered development philosophy, scientifically arranged production space, living space, and ecological space, and solidly promoted ecological environmental protection, making a good ecological environment a growth point for people's quality of life, leading the development of billions of people. Wan people started a magnificent green journey.

  To plant green is to plant happiness for people's livelihood——

  Beijing Tongzhou City Lvxin Forest Park, where new green is blooming and vitality is sprouting, and the Millennium Grand Canal is meandering.

  In the tree-planting area of ​​the park, a purple magnolia is about to bloom.

This was planted by General Secretary Xi Jinping when he participated in the voluntary tree planting in 2019.

  "The environment has changed a lot!" said Zhang Hongfeng, a citizen who lived nearby when he was a child. In the 1990s, there used to be three large villages here, next to the Dongfang Chemical Factory and some "scattered and polluted" enterprises.

The air was not good at that time, and the water in the canal was polluted for a time.

After 2018, the degraded factories and preparations for the construction of Green Heart Park began to be built, and everything gradually improved.

  General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that it is not only necessary to create more material wealth and spiritual wealth to meet the people's growing needs for a better life, but also to provide more high-quality ecological products to meet the people's growing needs for a beautiful ecological environment.

  Planting greenery first and then building the city is a new concept in the construction of Xiongan New Area.

On November 13, 2017, the first tree and the first forest of "Millennium Show Forest" took root in the No. 9 plot.

  In January 2019, when General Secretary Xi Jinping inspected the Xiongan New Area, he boarded the platform of the station for a distant view.

He looked at the swaying young tree seedlings and said with joy: "Lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets. Xiongan New Area relies on such an ecological environment to reflect its value and increase its attractiveness."

  Living up to the expectations of the General Secretary: With the appearance of the Xiong'an Country Park with a total area of ​​about 18 square kilometers, the forest coverage rate of the new district has exceeded 30%.

  Planting green for the people requires not only a magnificent freehand brushstroke, but also a meticulous embroidery effort.

  In recent years, exquisite street corner parks and patches of lush and fresh landscape forests have replaced the cluttered and illegal buildings of the past, and citizens of the capital feel more comfortable breathing in the "ecological blank".

  In Shanghai, small and micro green spaces and "pocket parks" appear around citizens.

Making good use of "leftovers" and inserting green in the seams, "doing a dojo in the shell of snails", is a perfect image to describe Shanghai's "Thousand Garden Project" that does everything possible to create green for the people.

  In the 1990s, the per capita public green space in Shanghai was only about 1.11 square meters, slightly larger than a newspaper.

The latest data shows that the city's per capita public green space has increased to 8.5 square meters of "one room".

  Planting green also breeds development opportunities——

  In January 2014, on the eve of the Spring Festival, General Secretary Xi Jinping braved the severe cold of minus 30 degrees Celsius and walked on the white snow to the border city of Arshan, Inner Mongolia.

  This is a forest area. Due to the ban on logging, it was in a difficult period of industrial transformation.

General Secretary Xi Jinping encouraged everyone that history has its stages. At that time, chopping wood was a contribution to the country, and now planting trees and watching forests is also a contribution to the country.

  Shortly thereafter, my country gradually expanded the scope of natural forest protection to the whole country, and completely stopped commercial logging of natural forests.

A group of former "tree-cutters" have become "tree-watchers", and Zhou Yizhe, a deputy to the National People's Congress from Inner Mongolia who has been a forestry worker for decades, is one of them.

  On March 5, 2021, General Secretary Xi Jinping participated in the deliberation of the Inner Mongolia delegation at the Fourth Session of the Thirteenth National People's Congress.

  "We used to be 'tree cutters'. At first, our labor team produced wood that could hold 400 pieces of train hides every winter. Now we have lost the axe and saw and become 'tree watchers', and we are also contributing to the country." Zhou Yizhe said.

With the implementation of the natural forest protection project, the forest area where he is located has been recuperated.

According to estimates, in 2018, the total value of forest and wetland ecosystem services in forest areas was 615.974 billion yuan.

  Hearing this, General Secretary Xi Jinping said with emotion: "The total ecological value you mentioned is the concept of green GDP, indicating that the ecology itself is the value. There is not only the value of the forest itself, but also the green lung effect, which can be more effective. Bringing tourism, under-forest economy, etc.”

  "Green GDP" is the direction pointed out by the general secretary for green development.

  Walking into Yu Village, Anji County, Zhejiang Province, the green trees are shaded, the houses are just like, the mountains are green and the bamboo sea is continuous in the distance...

  More than 30 years ago, relying on high-quality limestone resources, the "quarrying economy" was booming, but the environment suffered, with vegetation destroyed, dust in the sky, and turbid streams.

After the pain, the people of Yu Village decided to shut down the cement factory and the lime mine in order to return the clear waters and green mountains.

  In August 2005, Xi Jinping, then secretary of the Zhejiang Provincial Party Committee, visited Yucun and spoke highly of this practice, putting forward the scientific conclusion that "lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets".

  Nowadays, relying on the green water and green mountains to develop leisure tourism, it attracts tourists from all over the world every year, and the villagers live a prosperous life by "selling scenery".

  Plant green, but also define the bottom line and red line——

  The Qinling Mountains are an important source of water conservation in the Yellow River and Yangtze River basins, as well as the ancestors of the Chinese nation and an important symbol of Chinese culture.

However, a few years ago, villas built illegally and illegally eroded the greenery at the foot of the Qinling Mountains and seriously damaged the local ecological environment.

  In order to protect the ecological environment of the Qinling Mountains, General Secretary Xi Jinping has made important instructions six times.

The central government specially dispatched a special rectification working group to settle in Shaanxi.

With the launch of the special rectification action, 1,194 illegally built villas were completely rectified.

  In April 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping went to Shaanxi for inspection and personally inspected the Qinling ecological environment protection.

"Place the Qinling ecological environment protection and restoration work in an important position, perform your duties well, and be a good Qinling ecological guardian," he emphasized again.

  "When the ecology is polluted and damaged, it will be too late to build." General Secretary Xi Jinping said earnestly, "We must not be soft-hearted about those behaviors that damage the ecological environment, and we must not set an example. We must prevent the formation of a broken window effect."

  The ecological environment needs to be protected, and the ecological alarm bell needs to be ringing.

  "Protecting the ecological environment is to protect the productive forces, and improving the ecological environment is to develop the productive forces", General Secretary Xi Jinping's profound assertion, has continued to be transformed into a vivid practice in China in the new era.

  A Green Future - Adhering to the concept of a community with a shared future for mankind, General Secretary Xi Jinping led hundreds of millions of Chinese people to work hard, sow green, and move towards a better tomorrow

  In February this year, the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released a report showing that the impact and risks of climate change are increasing, and the warming situation will make the world face multiple climate hazards in the next 20 years.

  In the face of global crises and challenges such as climate change, General Secretary Xi Jinping proposed: "The earth is our common home. We must uphold the concept of a community with a shared future for mankind, work together to address challenges in the field of climate and environment, and protect this blue planet."

  There are China's propositions, and China's responsibility and China's actions.

  On September 22, 2020, at the general debate of the 75th United Nations General Assembly, General Secretary Xi Jinping solemnly announced to the world that China will increase its nationally determined contribution, adopt more powerful policies and measures, and strive to reduce carbon dioxide emissions within Peak by 2030 and strive to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.

  "China's commitment to achieve the time from carbon peak to carbon neutrality is much shorter than the time taken by developed countries, and China needs to make hard efforts." General Secretary Xi Jinping said.

  It is necessary to do a good job in the "subtraction" of carbon emissions and the addition of "green expansion".

  As an active practitioner of the "Paris Agreement", China has promised the world that by 2030, China's carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP will drop by more than 65% compared with 2005, and non-fossil energy will account for 25% of primary energy consumption Around, the forest volume will increase by 6 billion cubic meters compared with 2005, and the total installed capacity of wind power and solar power will reach more than 1.2 billion kilowatts.

  "We must firmly establish the concept that lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets, unswervingly take the road of ecological priority and green development, increase forest area, improve forest quality, and increase the increase in carbon sinks in the ecosystem, so as to achieve my country's carbon peak and carbon neutrality. and goals, and make greater contributions to maintaining global ecological security." General Secretary Xi Jinping's words were firm.

  This is the ever-expanding green territory—

  Guanjing Village, Dalat Banner, Inner Mongolia is located in the hinterland of the Kubuqi Desert. More than 30 years ago, there were bright sand dunes everywhere.

  Today, tall and straight poplars and willows guard the farmland of the house, and the endless sand willow forests and flower sticks in the wild surround the village, which contrasts with the rolling sand sea in the distance.

  The yellow sand retreats, and the green spreads.

  Thanks to the unremitting efforts of the people in the sandy areas, the area of ​​desertified land in my country has changed from an average annual expansion of 10,400 square kilometers at the end of the last century to an average annual reduction of 2,424 square kilometers, realizing a historic change from "sand advancing and people retreating" to "green advancing and sand retreating". .

  Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, my country has completed afforestation of 960 million mu.

The forest coverage rate increased by 2.68 percentage points to 23.04%; the total carbon storage of forest vegetation increased by 1.375 billion tons, reaching 9.2 billion tons.

  People live up to the green hills, and the green hills will certainly live up to people.

In October 2021, when General Secretary Xi Jinping attended the 15th Conference of the Parties Leaders' Summit of the Convention on Biological Diversity and delivered a keynote speech by video, he said that China officially established Sanjiangyuan, Giant Panda, Siberian Tiger and Leopard, Hainan The first batch of national parks, such as tropical rain forest and Wuyi Mountain, have a protected area of ​​230,000 square kilometers, covering nearly 30% of the terrestrial national key protected wildlife species.

  How to promote the future national land greening action?

How to better plant green for the people and benefit the people?

  General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out the direction——

  It is necessary to focus not only on quantity but also on quality, adhere to scientific greening, planning and guidance, and adapt to local conditions, take a scientific, ecological, and frugal greening development path, make good deeds for a long time, and continue to expand forest area, improve forest quality, and continuously improve Ecosystem quality and stability.

  In 2021, the "Opinions on Fully Implementing the Forest Chief System" announced that all forests and grasslands in my country will have exclusive guardians.

  In the same year, the "Guiding Opinions on Scientific Greening" was issued to provide guidance on "where to build", "what to build", "how to build" and "how to manage" in the next step.

  The just-concluded Beijing Winter Olympics was splendid and full of praise.

Low-light torches, hydrogen energy buses, and "green electricity" supply, green and low carbon have become a highlight.

  "Light up Beijing's lights with the wind of Zhangbei".

Much of Beijing's clean energy comes from Zhangjiakou, "the hometown of wind and the ocean of light".

In the future, the northern Hebei region will also transmit electricity to the capital Beijing every year, providing about 20% of Beijing's annual electricity load.

  "Ecological civilization is a cause shared by the people in joint construction, and the construction of a beautiful China must be transformed into the conscious action of all the people." General Secretary Xi Jinping demanded that the national awareness of conservation, environmental protection, and ecology should be enhanced, and ecological ethics and codes of conduct should be cultivated. , carry out the national green action, mobilize the whole society to take practical actions to reduce energy and resource consumption and pollution discharge, and make contributions to ecological and environmental protection.

  As an emerging "country on wheels", my country's new energy vehicle production and sales will exceed 3.5 million in 2021, a year-on-year increase of 1.6 times.

Not only in Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, but also in third- and fourth-tier cities and even villages, the classification of domestic waste is becoming a new trend in life.

  Use one less paper towel, less disposable chopsticks, take one more bus ride, one more bicycle trip, stop a "better left than light" dinner party, and practice a "CD action"... More green, light up the Chinese people's Life.

  People planted trees.

General Secretary Xi Jinping said the true meaning: "Participating in voluntary tree planting together is to advocate the civilized fashion of everyone loving green, planting green and protecting green, so that everyone can establish a sense of responsibility for planting trees and greening the motherland, and form a conscious action of the whole society. Build a beautiful home where people and nature coexist in harmony."

  Nowadays, people are actively participating in voluntary tree planting, and the forms of due diligence of voluntary tree planting have also expanded to more than 50 types in eight categories, including tending, management and protection.

  In the spring of Bu Deze, all things shine.

  Taking Xi Jinping's thought on ecological civilization as the fundamental principle, hundreds of millions of Chinese are taking a more profound historical initiative and striving for continuous struggle to nurture lucid waters and lush mountains and build a more beautiful green home!

(Reporters Hu Lu, Gao Jing, Wang Libin, Hou Xuejing, Zhao Xu)

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