China News Service, March 24. According to the website of the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Natural Resources recently issued the "Key Points of National Geological Disaster Prevention and Control in 2022". The natural and periodic drought and flood disasters are obvious, and the situation of geological disaster prevention and control in my country is still grim.

During the flood season or the period affected by strong earthquakes in the Northeast, North China, South China, and Southwest China, geological disasters will show a high incidence.

Key points of national geological disaster prevention and control work in 2022

I. Resolutely implement the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on disaster prevention, mitigation and relief work

  1. The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the prevention and control of natural disasters.

In recent years, General Secretary Xi Jinping has made several important instructions on disaster prevention, mitigation and relief, requiring overall development and safety, improving risk prevention and response capabilities, speeding up the construction of a defense line against natural disasters, and quickly checking and filling gaps in the weak links exposed by flood control and disaster relief. , make up for the shortcomings of disaster early warning and monitoring, and make up for the shortcomings of disaster prevention infrastructure.

Attach great importance to the complex and profound impact of climate change, strictly adhere to the bottom line, pay close attention to the implementation of responsibilities, strengthen the construction of disaster prevention infrastructure and grass-roots capacity, accelerate the construction of a line of defense against disasters, and effectively prevent and resolve the risks of various geological disasters.

  2. Local natural resource departments at all levels should fully understand the extreme importance of geological disaster prevention and control, and in the spirit of being extremely responsible to the people, assist the party committees and governments at the same level to further implement the main responsibility, strengthen organizational guarantees, measures guarantees, institutional guarantees, Fund security, decompose and clarify the prevention and control responsibilities and tasks of various relevant departments, and exert the combined force to consolidate the responsibility for disaster prevention.

It is necessary to do a good job in preventing geological disasters as an important part of consolidating and expanding the study and education of party history and in-depth implementation of the practice activities of "I do practical things for the masses". Urge and guide relevant departments and units to implement various disaster prevention measures, establish a safety bottom line for protecting people's lives and property from the threat of geological disasters, and further enhance the people's sense of gain, happiness, and security.

2. Pay close attention to the key links and highlight the problems

  3. Intensify investigation and focus on solving the problems of "where are the hidden dangers" and "what is the structure".

The successful launch of the Land Exploration No. 1 double satellite and the successful comprehensive remote sensing experiment have provided advanced technologies and means for the further development of the national comprehensive remote sensing hidden danger identification work.

Relevant units directly under the Ministry and the China Geological Survey Bureau should promptly organize and carry out the application experiments of domestic land exploration satellites in the prevention and control of geological disasters, prepare satellite in-orbit tasks in a targeted manner, and form supporting capabilities as soon as possible.

Strengthen data management research, and establish a data distribution system as soon as possible to help build and improve the comprehensive remote sensing identification capability of geological disasters.

Provincial-level natural resource departments should organize technical teams and cooperate with relevant technical units to strengthen the identification of local geological hazards and ground inspection and verification, and provinces where conditions permit should actively form provincial-level comprehensive remote sensing identification core technical teams.

Strengthen the 1:50,000 geological disaster risk investigation and evaluation and the 1:10,000 investigation work in key areas, and the important hidden dangers found in the investigation and verified and confirmed should be incorporated into the prevention and control system in a timely manner.

For the project management measures to be taken into the project reserve, the feasibility demonstration and exploration must be completed before the storage.

  4. Strengthen the construction of monitoring and early warning system, and gradually improve the early warning and forecasting ability of "when the disaster will happen".

Deepen cooperation with meteorological departments, further improve the meteorological risk early warning system and early warning release and response mechanism, jointly carry out scientific and technological research and experimental demonstrations, and continue to improve early warning and forecasting capabilities.

Further improve the group test and group defense system, and strengthen the selection, replenishment, training and incentives of group test and group defense personnel.

Implement the professional team stationing system, incorporate the person in charge of the stationed professional team or the technical person in charge into the local geological disaster prevention and control responsibility system, clarify the division of responsibilities, and strive to improve the level of grass-roots disaster prevention technology.

Continue to carry out the construction of special groups combined with early warning systems, and the 17 key provinces of geological disaster prevention and control supported by the central government should fully complete the installation and grid-connected operation of universal monitoring and early warning equipment before the flood season.

Strengthen the research on threshold setting and early warning models, and establish a working mechanism that organically combines and effectively integrates universal monitoring and early warning with mass monitoring and mass defense systems.

Improve the early warning and response mechanism, strengthen training and summaries, implement specific response actions by the responsible units and responsible persons for disaster prevention, and improve the effectiveness of the combination of special groups and early warnings, so as to effectively achieve "there will be a response when there is an early warning".

  5. Strengthen the application of survey and evaluation results to improve risk prevention and control capabilities.

Accelerate the investigation and evaluation of geological disaster risks, and complete the tasks of quality inspection and results submission in strict accordance with the requirements of the State Council Leading Group Office of the First National Natural Disaster Comprehensive Risk Census.

Strengthen the application of investigation and evaluation results in the preparation of prevention and control plans, the formulation of annual prevention and control plans, the arrangement of monitoring and early warning measures, and risk management and control.

Zhejiang, Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou, Yunnan, Gansu and other 6 provinces (cities) should further deepen the dual-control pilot of "hidden spots + risk areas", and the China Geological Survey will organize relevant units to provide technical guidance in a timely manner.

  6. Strengthen the research on the prevention and control of geological disasters under the situation of climate change.

Relevant departments and bureaus of the Ministry should organize relevant technical units to seriously study the impact of climate change on the occurrence mechanism, development trend, and prevention priorities of geological disasters, and propose countermeasures.

Local natural resource departments at all levels should also pay close attention to the mountainous and hilly areas with mild historical disasters and low frequency of disasters in the region, guide locals to strengthen basic investigation work and the construction of disaster prevention and mitigation systems, and make preparations for various responses to sudden geological disasters .

3. Continue to improve the grass-roots geological disaster prevention and control capabilities

  7. Strengthen publicity, training and drills to effectively improve grassroots disaster prevention capabilities.

Make full use of the strength of the garrisoned professional technical team and expert team to organize various forms of publicity, education and training for the threatened people and those responsible for disaster prevention at all levels, so as to improve the people's awareness of disaster prevention and mitigation and self-prevention and protection capabilities.

It is necessary to keep abreast of changes in the personnel responsible for the prevention and control of geological disasters in city and county, township governments and natural resource authorities, strengthen education and training and exchange of experience, help grass-roots staff quickly enter their roles, clarify the boundaries of responsibilities, and strengthen risk awareness.

Further detailed and practical risk-avoidance drills should be carried out every year for all threatened persons, disaster prevention-related units and relevant technical support units around important hidden danger points.

  8. Strengthen the coordination and linkage of departments to form a joint disaster prevention force.

The competent departments of natural resources at all levels should make full use of the local natural disaster prevention and command and coordination mechanism to clarify the departments of education, housing and urban-rural development, transportation, water conservancy, agriculture and rural areas, culture and tourism, health, emergency, earthquake, meteorology, energy, railway and other departments The division of responsibilities in the prevention and control of geological disasters, strengthen coordination and cooperation with emergency management departments, and refine and clarify various measures and responsibilities from investigation and discovery to comprehensive prevention, from early warning response to emergency response.

Strengthen coordination and information sharing with relevant departments, jointly urge engineering construction units to strictly implement the geological disaster risk assessment system, and strengthen the source control of geological disasters caused by engineering construction activities.

Local natural resource authorities at all levels should strengthen inspections on the prevention and control of geological disasters in construction projects in accordance with the law, urge industry authorities and construction units to take effective preventive measures, and make every effort to avoid casualties caused by geological disasters caused by human disturbance.

Continue to pay attention to the hidden dangers of rural house construction and slope cutting, summarize and learn from the good experience and good practices of various places in recent years, and guide and help rural collective economic organizations and farmers to implement risk prevention and control measures.

  9. Solidly promote the implementation of the project and give full play to the maximum effect of funds.

Actively improve the project management and fund management system for geological disaster prevention and control, strengthen the construction of project reserves, carefully organize performance evaluation, and use the "natural resource fund monitoring and supervision system" and "geological disaster prevention project management system" to implement projects and funds. Supervision, supervision, and timely rectification should be strengthened for places and projects with slow implementation progress and low capital execution rate.

It is necessary to file and establish a card for all projects, refine the data archiving work, and objectively reflect the progress of the work and the benefits of disaster prevention and mitigation.

For projects that are difficult to implement as planned, the financial departments at the same level should be consulted to make adjustments in a timely manner in accordance with relevant procedures, and the adjusted project funds should be used for the prevention and control of geological disasters.

  10. Actively promote the standardization of informatization, and effectively improve the level of geological disaster management.

Provincial natural resource departments should strengthen the information construction of geological disaster prevention and control, and integrate information on core business work such as investigation and evaluation, monitoring and early warning, group measurement and group defense, consultation and judgment, command and dispatch, project management, on-duty duty, and information reporting. On the basis of , build a unified information platform for geological disaster prevention and control in the whole province, and realize the interconnection and dynamic update with the national information platform before the end of the year.

Learn from the practices of Zhejiang, Hubei, Chongqing, Sichuan and other places to improve the intelligent and intelligent service level of geological disasters.

The China Geological Survey Bureau should organize relevant units to strengthen the construction of the geological disaster prevention and control standard system, study and issue technical standards for comprehensive remote sensing identification, professional monitoring and early warning as soon as possible, and revise the relevant standards and specifications for geological disaster prevention and control projects in a timely manner.

Provincial-level natural resource departments shall, on the basis of national standards and industry standards, and in light of local conditions, research and issue local standards with good applicability and operability.

Fourth, make every effort to do a good job in the prevention of key areas during important periods

  11. It is predicted that in 2022, the precipitation in my country will be "more in the north and south, and less in the middle", and regional and periodic droughts and floods will be obvious. The situation of geological disaster prevention and control in my country is still severe.

During the flood season or the period affected by strong earthquakes in the Northeast, North China, South China, and Southwest China, geological disasters will show a high incidence.

The competent departments of natural resources at all levels in the above-mentioned areas should take the prevention and control of geological disasters during flood season as their annual key work, plan ahead, organize carefully, and make every effort to do a good job in the prevention and control of geological disasters during flood season, especially in the period of heavy rainfall and after the occurrence of strong earthquakes. Consultation and judgment, monitoring and early warning and emergency support work, assist local governments to strengthen the management and control of personnel transferred to avoid risks, and strictly prevent casualties caused by the return of personnel.

  12. Strengthen emergency duty and information reporting.

Provincial-level natural resource departments should establish and improve the on-duty system during flood season, urge cities and counties to strengthen on-duty and information reporting, ensure the timeliness, accuracy, and rigor of information reporting in case of disasters and dangers, and prevent late reporting and false reporting. , underreporting, and concealment.

Major geological disasters, dangerous situations, successful risk avoidance cases, and important trend analysis and prediction should be reported to the duty room of the Ministry in time.

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