(Observation of the Two Sessions) "Minister's Channel" Responds to Concerns about the National Economy and People's Livelihood between Questions and Answers

  China News Agency, Beijing, March 8th: "Minister's Channel" Responds to Concerns about the National Economy and People's Livelihood Between Questions and Answers

  China News Agency reporter Song Jie

  On the morning of the 8th, the "Minister's Channel" of the Fifth Session of the 13th National People's Congress was opened again.

The research and development of broad-spectrum drugs for the new coronavirus, the progress of 5G and 6G, the flood situation in China this year... The reporters threw 12 questions to the three ministers from the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and the Ministry of Water Resources.

On March 8, the fifth session of the 13th National People's Congress held the second "Minister's Channel" interview activity.

The picture shows Wang Zhigang, Minister of Science and Technology, being interviewed.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Yang Kejia

Novel coronavirus broad-spectrum drug research and development, planning 6G development

  Since the outbreak of the new crown epidemic, the rapid research and development and application of anti-epidemic scientific research achievements have effectively helped China to control the epidemic, and the performance of science and technology in China's epidemic prevention and control has attracted attention from the outside world.

With the continuous emergence of mutants such as Omicron and Delta, how will China fight the next step in the battle for scientific research?

  1 recombinant protein vaccine is on the market with conditions, 1 neutralizing antibody drug is on the market with conditions, broad-spectrum drugs for coronavirus or new coronavirus are being actively developed, nasal spray and inhalation vaccines are progressing well, and sample testing time is greatly shortened... Wang Zhigang, Minister of Science and Technology, listed the latest developments one by one. He pointed out that when the epidemic is over, these achievements, technologies, platforms and international partners will "stay", enriching China's scientific and technological anti-epidemic toolbox.

  5G commercial use is a hot word in the business community recently. Regarding the future prospects of 5G, Xiao Yaqing, Minister of Industry and Information Technology, used three figures to intuitively express the status quo of China's leading 5G technology in the world: At present, the total number of base stations in China exceeds 1.425 million. The number of connected users exceeds 500 million, ranking first in the world; this year, the number of base stations will exceed 2 million.

"In the process of 5G development, all walks of life must form a joint force and integrate with each other, so that the development of 5G can maintain a leading position in technology and have more innovations," said the head of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

  "While developing 5G, consider the evolution direction and evolution technology route of the next-generation communication technology." He also showed the Chinese official's ambition in the development of communication technology: "Plan ahead for the development of the next-generation communication technology, 6G, and make arrangements in advance. This is also the result of the development of 5G, and it is also a continuation of the future development of 5G."

On March 8, the fifth session of the 13th National People's Congress held the second "Minister's Channel" interview activity.

The picture shows Xiao Yaqing, Minister of Industry and Information Technology, being interviewed.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Yang Kejia

Innovation regardless of origin

  Under the triple pressure of demand contraction, supply shock, and weakening expectations, how can small and medium-sized enterprises tide over the difficulties and save their momentum?

Behind these problems is the development quality of China's manufacturing industry.

  Faced with concerns, Xiao Yaqing pointed out that the development direction of "specialized, refined and innovative" SMEs is very correct.

He reminded that although the proportion of "specialized, special and new" small and medium-sized enterprises in small and medium-sized enterprises is not high at present, the growth rate of revenue, profit margin and the share of invention patent achievements have reached 2.2 times and 1.4 times that of industrial small and medium-sized enterprises above the designated size, respectively. times and 3.4 times.

  Wang Zhigang also said that for small and medium-sized enterprises, the key is to have their own expertise in technological innovation and specialized products, and through technological innovation, they can continue to progress and develop.

"Innovation doesn't matter where you come from, whether it's a large, medium or small company."

  According to Xiao Yaqing, many relevant policies have been introduced in various places, and they will be promoted one by one to support more enterprises to become "specialized, special and new" small and medium-sized enterprises.

On March 8, the fifth session of the 13th National People's Congress held the second "Minister's Channel" interview activity.

Pictured is the branch.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Yang Kejia

Flood control and water safety

  The spatial and temporal distribution of rainfall in China is extremely uneven, resulting in frequent floods and droughts, which have been the basic water regime in China since ancient times.

Last year, floods occurred successively in Zhangwei River, Nenjiang River, Songhua River, Heilongjiang River, Taihu Lake and other major rivers and lakes in the Yangtze River, Yellow River, and Haihe River Basin. What is the flood situation this year, and how should we respond?

  "We are working hard to move the barrier of 'defense' forward," said Li Guoying, Minister of Water Resources, who was on the "Minister's Channel" for the first time. This year, floods are more likely to occur in the northern and southern regions, and droughts in the central region are more likely.

He emphasized that it is necessary to carry out rolling analysis, research and prediction of the flood situation in this year's flood season, and timely connect the corresponding response preparations, insist on doing a good job in the "four predictions" of forecasting, early warning, rehearsal and pre-planning, and defend the safety line of water conservancy projects.

  In order to solve the problem of water security, China has formulated and implemented a five-year plan for water security at the national level for the first time.

It is the overall goal of the plan to comprehensively improve the national water security capability.

Li Guoying said that focusing on optimizing the water resources allocation system and improving the basin flood control and disaster reduction system, and implementing major national water network projects, the future national water network will be able to achieve "complete system, safe and reliable, intensive and efficient, green and intelligent, smooth circulation, regulation and control. orderly".

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