There is no doubt that the atmosphere of the Russian war on Ukraine has brought with it again the dangers of nuclear war, especially after Russian politicians, led by Russian President Vladimir Putin himself, threatened to use nuclear weapons if Russia or its interests were at risk.
The former Soviet Union conducted its first nuclear explosive test on August 29, 1949, 4 years after the US atomic bomb was detonated against Japan in World War II.
Since then, the Soviet stockpile of nuclear weapons has grown rapidly, peaking in 1986 with about 40,000 nuclear weapons, during which time the Soviet Union developed the largest bombs in history.
The former Soviet Union conducted its first nuclear explosive test on August 29, 1949 (French)
Tsar of the Soviet Union
There is no doubt that the most important and most famous of these bombs is the Tsar Bomba or Ivan the Great, as the Russians call it, and it is a hydrogen bomb with 3 stages, in the first of which an ordinary nuclear bomb was detonated to generate the enormous heat required to stimulate the nuclear fusion of hydrogen isotopes in the next two stages .
And this bomb led to a huge force estimated at more than 50 megatons.
In a nuclear weapon, the amount of energy released is the corresponding amount of TNT that will generate the same amount of energy when it explodes.
Hence, a one-kiloton nuclear weapon is the one that produces the same amount of energy in the explosion of a kiloton (thousand tons) of TNT.
Likewise, a megaton weapon would have the energy equivalent to detonating one million tons of TNT, meaning that the Tsar bomb gave more energy than detonating 50 million tons of TNT.
To understand the enormous impact of that bomb, it is enough for you to know that the famous grenade in wars, which appears in many films, contains only 50-60 grams of trinitrotoluene.
The results of this nuclear test, which was conducted on the morning of October 30, 1961 in the Novaya Zemlya region, an archipelago located in the Arctic Ocean in northern Russia, were amazing and very frightening at the same time, as the height of the cloud resulting from the explosion reached 64 kilometers in The sky was 40 km wide, and the explosion was seen at a distance of 1,000 km.
4 more disasters
As for the period between August 5 and September 27, 1962, the Soviet Union conducted a series of 3 nuclear weapons tests, in the same area in which the "Tsar" was launched. Tests No. 173, 174 and 147 were called, each of which produced: These three explosions have a force of 20 megatons.
On December 24, 1962, the Soviet Union conducted what was called “Test #219” in the same area, and the output of this bomb was slightly less than half the Tsar, about 24.2 megatons.
These are the five bombs;
Tsar and then Test No. 219 and then the three tests 173, 174 and 147, the most powerful nuclear explosions in human history, and it suffices you to know that the energy resulting from the Hiroshima and Nagasaki explosions was estimated at about 15 to 20 thousand tons only.
Castle Yankee and Castle Bravo were the two largest US nuclear tests conducted in 1954 (Getty Images)
America is in second place
As for the American experiment "Castle Bravo", it was conducted in the Bikini Ring, which is an annular reef in the Marshall Islands in the Pacific Ocean. The bomb was detonated on February 28, 1954, and was the largest American nuclear explosion ever.
This bomb produced a fission explosion with a force of 15 megatons, which is the largest nuclear bomb detonated in the history of the United States of America, followed by Castle Yankee, which was detonated on May 5, 1954 in the same place, and released energy Equivalent to 13.5 megatons.
Nuclear fusion and nuclear fission work on one principle, which is to convert a very small amount of matter into a very huge amount of energy, according to Einstein's famous theory of relativity, and approximately 85% of the energy of a nuclear weapon produces a shock explosion and thermal energy, and the 15% is released as radiation. A nuclear killer, its effect extends over the years after the explosion.
A nuclear bomb is an imminent danger to humanity, and no country in the whole world can bear the losses resulting from a single nuclear explosion, let alone an entire war!Keywords: