Today, Saturday, the Supreme Council of State in Libya will hold a meeting to vote on the road map agreed upon with the House of Representatives.

This comes two days after the House of Representatives chose Fathi Bashagha as a new prime minister, in a step that portends a crisis in light of Abdel Hamid Dabaiba's adherence to the continuation of his government based on the outcomes of the political dialogue, while a demonstration took place in the center of the capital, Tripoli, to demand the overthrow of the House of Representatives.

Martyrs' Square in the center of the Libyan capital, Tripoli, witnessed a demonstration yesterday, Friday, to demand the overthrow of the House of Representatives.

The demonstrators expressed their refusal to extend the transitional period, and to disrupt the holding of parliamentary and presidential elections, stressing the need to organize them as soon as possible.

In banners they held, the demonstrators held the Supreme Judicial Council responsible for any collapse of the electoral process, due to what they described as insisting on closing the Constitutional Court.

These demonstrations come a day after the Libyan House of Representatives voted to make a constitutional amendment to include the road map agreed upon between the House of Representatives and the Supreme State Council, and to choose Fathi Bashagha as the new prime minister.

Guterres called on the Libyan parties to preserve the stability of their country (Reuters - Archive)

international invitation

Meanwhile, United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called on the Libyan parties to maintain the stability of their country, this came in a statement issued by his spokesman Stephane Dujarric, the day after the Tobruk House of Representatives (East) announced the selection of Bashagha as prime minister.

In the statement, Guterres reminded all Libyan institutions of the primary goal of organizing national elections as soon as possible, to ensure respect for the political will of the 2.8 million citizens registered on the electoral lists.

The UN Secretary-General called on all parties and institutions to ensure that these vital decisions are taken in a transparent and agreed upon form.

Guterres' statement did not mention the names of the transitional prime minister (Dabaiba) and the prime minister appointed on Thursday (Baghasha).

He also did not repeat what his spokesman said Thursday that the United Nations continues to support Dabaiba as a transitional prime minister charged with running the country's affairs.

As a result of differences between official institutions regarding the electoral laws and the role of the judiciary in the electoral process, it was not possible to hold presidential elections last December 24, according to a road map under the auspices of the United Nations.

So far, no new date has been agreed for holding presidential and parliamentary elections, which the Libyans hope will contribute to ending the conflict in their oil-rich country.

Dabaiba promised to draft a new election law to solve the political crisis in the country (Reuters)

hold the bear

For his part, the Prime Minister - in an interview with "Libya Al-Ahrar" TV, on Friday - likened the parliament's selection of a new government to another attempt to enter Tripoli by force.

Dabaiba added, "I was and still reject attempts to drag the Libyans into a new war. The people of Tripoli will defend themselves."

The prime minister promised to put in place a new election law to solve the political crisis in the country.

The interview came after an assassination attempt, from which Dabaiba escaped unharmed in the early hours of Thursday.

Dabaiba said that two "paid" people tried to kill him, without giving details of who was behind the alleged attack.

Reuters was not able to separately verify the details or speak to witnesses.

On the other hand, Bashagha expected the national unity government - headed by Dabaiba - to adhere to the principles of democracy and the peaceful transfer of power.

He said, "I thank the national unity government headed by Engineer Abdul Hamid al-Dabaiba, who assumed responsibility in a difficult period, and this is the democracy that guarantees and guarantees the peaceful transfer of power, and I am confident that the national unity government will be committed to these democratic principles."

complicated scene

The New York Times commented on Libya's return to its old status with two governments by saying: The rejection of the current Prime Minister, Abdel Hamid Dabaiba, the House of Representatives' decision in Tobruk to appoint a new prime minister raises fears that the country will return to the old division.

The article added that the parliament's decision to appoint a new transitional government, despite the current prime minister's refusal, comes after the oil-rich country failed to hold national elections, scheduled for last December, that would have ended a decade of civil war.

"We will see disagreement over who is the legitimate government, and we will see chaos in the institutions for a period of time," says Claudia Casini, an expert on Libya at the International Crisis Group.

In turn, Frederic Bobin, in his article in Le Monde newspaper, was concerned with the complexity of the political scene in Libya once again, and said that Libya finds itself facing a dilemma related to state institutions that may lead to more disintegration in the pillars of the system.

He added that when the national unity government was formed a year ago, an air of optimism spread in the country torn by war and competition for power between the poles of the East and West.

According to the author, the current situation in Libya will inevitably cast a shadow on the factor of stability, and will further marginalize the United Nations and its role in diplomatic mediation.