第一观察 | 总书记三次考察能源企业释放明确信号

  1月27日下午,习近平总书记来到山西瑞光热电有限责任公司考察调研。这是近一段时间以来,总书记地方考察期间第三次调研能源企业。

  去年9月,习近平总书记在陕西省榆林市考察时来到国家能源集团榆林化工有限公司,了解循环经济煤炭综合利用项目规划建设运行情况;10月,在山东东营考察时来到胜利油田,登上钻井平台,察看作业情况,看望慰问石油工人。

  习近平总书记接连调研能源企业,折射出对能源问题的高度重视。这释放哪些重要信号?

  信号一:保供是硬杠杠

  春节将至,北方正处于寒冬,正是供暖保障的关键时期。习近平总书记强调,要“多措并举加强供需调节,提升能源供应保障能力,大企业特别是国有企业要带头保供稳价,强化民生用能供给保障责任,确保人民群众安全温暖过冬”。

新华社记者 谢环驰 摄

  供电供热事关经济发展全局和社会稳定大局,是关系民生的大事。去年三季度,我国煤炭和电力供需一度紧张,个别地区甚至短时间出现拉闸限电的情况。

  有关部门果断出手、密集部署,从煤炭供应、市场监管到推动电价市场化改革,出台一系列措施,促使煤炭价格回归合理区间,电力和煤炭供应趋于缓解,有力支撑了工业生产、确保民生需求。

  当前我国外部环境更趋复杂严峻和不确定,国内发展面临多年未见的需求收缩、供给冲击、预期转弱三重压力。今年一季度还要应对去年经济增速基数较高等复杂情况,经济发展面临压力,确保能源供应和价格平稳,尤为重要。

  值得注意的是,近期国际能源市场大幅震荡,国际天然气价格飙涨,原油价格持续攀升。受此影响,国内煤炭现货、期货价格也出现过快上涨。在这个时刻,确保我国能源供应平稳有序,对于守牢群众温暖过冬和民生用能底线,切实满足经济社会发展合理用能需求,意义十分重大。

  信号二:要掌握“等不得,也急不得”的辩证法

  During the inspection in Shanxi, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that to promote carbon neutralization, it is not someone who asks us to do it, but we must do it ourselves.

  Recently, General Secretary Xi Jinping delivered important speeches one after another on how to correctly understand and grasp the issue of carbon neutrality, which reflects his attention to this major issue related to China's long-term development.

  "Can't wait, and can't rush", full of dialectics, points out the methodology to be upheld in the carbon neutralization work.

  "Can't wait" highlights the urgency and importance of realizing the "dual carbon" goal.

  On September 22, 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping announced at the general debate of the 75th United Nations General Assembly that China's carbon dioxide emissions will peak by 2030, and strive to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.

  Achieving peak carbon neutrality is a major strategic decision made by the Party Central Committee after careful consideration, and is related to the sustainable development of the Chinese nation and the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.

It is something we must do based on our own development.

  Just like a traction, by promoting the "dual carbon" work, it can stimulate the vitality of scientific and technological innovation, accelerate the transformation and upgrading of the economic structure, solve the outstanding problems of resource and environmental constraints that have plagued my country's development for a long time, and meet the people's growing demand for a beautiful ecological environment. It is necessary to take the initiative to assume the responsibility of a major country and promote the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind.

Photovoltaic power generation panels of the Weining Longchang Agricultural Photovoltaic Power Station of Guizhou Jinyuan Group (photo taken on April 26, 2020).

Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Tao Liang

  "Don't be in a hurry" highlights the arduousness and complexity of promoting the "dual carbon" work.

  Achieving the "dual carbon" goal is by no means a simple one that can be accomplished overnight, but a broad and profound economic and social systemic change that will face unprecedented difficulties and challenges. labor pains.

  But reducing emissions is not about reducing productivity, nor about eliminating emissions.

To this, one must stay awake.

  my country is still a developing country, and development is the foundation and key to solving all problems.

Industrialization and urbanization are still advancing, and energy demand will inevitably continue to grow.

The key is to embark on a path of ecological priority, green and low-carbon development, promote green transformation in economic development, and achieve greater development in green transformation.

  Last year, "one-size-fits-all" electricity and production curtailment or campaign-style "carbon reduction" occurred in some places, which had a negative impact on local economic development.

The reason why General Secretary Xi Jinping has repeatedly emphasized this issue is that he hopes that all localities can establish a correct view of political achievements and development, and explore their own green transformation path based on objective reality.

  To promote carbon neutrality, "we can't wait, and we can't rush", which requires us to strengthen our confidence, be based on the present, and solve specific problems step by step; we must also take a long-term perspective, overcome the idea of ​​​​being eager for quick success and eager for success, and grasp the reduction The rhythm and strength of carbon, seek truth from facts, step by step, and continue to exert force.

  Signal 3: Reducing carbon is not about not using coal, but how to use it

  Rich coal, poor oil and little gas are my country's national conditions.

In the traditional impression, fossil energy represented by coal is an industry with high energy consumption and high pollution.

To achieve the "dual carbon" goal, should the coal industry develop?

How to develop?

How to ensure energy security based on yourself?

This is the issue that General Secretary Xi Jinping paid special attention to during these inspections.

  In Yulin, the general secretary emphasized that the energy industry must continue to develop, otherwise it will not be enough to support the country's modernization.

In Shengli Oilfield, he pointed out that China, as a major manufacturing country, must take the energy job in its own hands if it wants to develop the real economy.

During his visit to Shanxi this time, he once again emphasized that it is necessary to consolidate the foundation of domestic energy production and ensure the safety of coal supply.

  This points out the direction for my country's energy development under the background of "dual carbon": based on the coal-based energy resource endowment, adhere to the establishment of the first and then break, and make a comprehensive plan, and the gradual withdrawal of traditional energy must be based on a safe and reliable alternative to new energy.

In the promotion of clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient use of energy, the ability to guarantee energy security will be improved.

  Promoting the energy revolution fundamentally depends on technological innovation and the transformation and upgrading of the industrial structure.

  In the National Energy Group Yulin Chemical Co., Ltd., General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that the coal chemical industry has great potential and great prospects. It is necessary to improve the comprehensive utilization efficiency of coal as a chemical raw material, and promote the high-end, diversified and low-carbon development of the coal chemical industry. Strengthen scientific and technological innovation as the most urgent task, speed up the research on key core technologies, and actively develop coal-based special fuels and coal-based biodegradable materials.

  During the inspection and investigation of Shanxi Ruiguang Thermal Power Co., Ltd., General Secretary Xi Jinping once again talked about the clean utilization of coal.

He pointed out that it is necessary to make overall plans for the clean and low-carbon development of coal, diversified utilization, and comprehensive storage and transportation, speed up the research on green and low-carbon technologies, and continue to promote the optimization and upgrading of the industrial structure.

  Producer: Zhao Cheng

  Planning: Huo Xiaoguang

  Lead writer: Amber

  Coordination: Zhang Xiaosong, Lin Hongmei, Wang Xuan

  Vision | Editor: Zhang Aifang, Wang Qiuyun

  Produced by Xinhua News Agency

  Produced by the first studio of Xinhua News Agency

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