He was praised by scholars and writers of his time such as Darwin, Hugo, Nietzsche and Pasteur

An Egyptian celebration of a Brazilian emperor who loved the Arabs and abolished the slave trade

  • Photograph taken by the Brazilian emperor.


  • Emperor Pedro II took the throne at the age of five and was the nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte.


  • Antonio de Aguiar: "Emperor Pedro II had a special affection for Egypt and the Arab world, which prompted him to make a second trip to the region in 1876, from which he boarded a ship on a Nile cruise to Sudan, which he recorded in his memoirs."


Cairo recently celebrated the 150th anniversary of the visit of the late Emperor Pedro II of Brazil to the Arab region, which included a special tour in Egypt. The slave trade, the establishment of a series of scientific institutes, the introduction of representative democracy in his country, and his person and his country receiving special appreciation from the scientific and literary elites in Europe, according to historians and observers.

The Center for Fine Arts in Zamalek in Cairo hosted an exhibition of photographs taken by Emperor Pedro II, who was known for his fondness for photography and took more than 20,000 photos, including 90 photos of Egyptian sites, after he visited Egypt twice and embarked on a Nile cruise to Sudan, as mentioned by guides accompanying the exhibition.

Pedro II, who was nominally the nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte, assumed the throne of his country at the age of five after appointing a council of guardians after his father abdicated the throne in emergency circumstances and traveled to Europe in 1831. In only two hours, he was able to establish an economic renaissance and stability, introduced railways, electricity and the telegraph, and established several scientific institutes. He was known for his wide interest in sciences from anthropology and history to law, medicine and religious studies. He was known for his interest in foreign languages ​​and the mastery of many of them such as English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Hebrew and Sanskrit. “If I were not an emperor, I would like to be a teacher.” He also established three major libraries and scientific institutes, and was a member of a number of international scientific academies, which made him friendly with scholars of his time who exchanged letters with him, such as Graham Bell, Louis Pasteur and Friedrich Nietzsche, Victor Hugo, CharlesDarwin, as documented by Broderick Barman in "The Citizen Emperor, Broderick Barman and the Industry of Brazil."

In an article he wrote in Al-Ahram Weekly, the Brazilian ambassador in Cairo, Antonio de Aguiar, said that “Emperor Pedro II had a special affection for Egypt and the Arab world, which prompted him to make a second trip to the region in 1876, from which he boarded a ship on a Nile cruise to Sudan. He recorded the facts in his diaries.

Pedro's second exhibition, entitled "Return to Egypt", included rare pictures of him in front of the Sphinx, the pyramids, and the Citadel area in eastern Cairo in 1871. It is reported that Pedro II was subjected to a coup that overthrew him despite his popularity and achievements, and refused to fight a war to regain his throne in defense of his homeland, but his opponents realized After his death, his body was brought to Brazil from exile, and re-accredited as one of the founding fathers of the Brazilian Renaissance.

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