China News Service, Beijing, December 27
Author Ma Shuaisha
The second mission of the Shenzhou 13 flight crew came to a successful conclusion in the early morning of the 27th. This is the fourth mission of astronauts during the Chinese space station stage. At the end of the year, it will add another highlight to China's aerospace industry in 2021.
Looking back at 2021, from the start of construction of China’s “Space House”, “Tianwen” hit the fire, “Xihe” exploration to the Long March rocket broke through 400 launches, China’s aerospace continues to be exciting, and space exploration has achieved “acceleration”, just like China Wang Yaping, the first female astronaut to exit the capsule, wrote in a poem, "From the known world to the unknown, we are exploring. Come to space and fill the gap."
2021 is the first year of the construction mission of China's manned space station orbit.
On April 29, the Tianhe core module was successfully launched, and the construction of the China Space Station kicked off. Two batches of Shenzhou spacecraft crews "checked in" successively.
While six astronauts completed four exit missions, they also set multiple records.
Shenzhou 12 flight crew commander Nie Haisheng became the first Chinese astronaut to be in orbit for 100 days; Shenzhou 13 crew astronaut Wang Yaping took the first step of a Chinese female extravehicular spacewalk; Shenzhou 13 astronaut The crew completed the first space teaching of the Chinese space station...According to the mission schedule, China will implement 6 missions next year. The three-cabin assembly of the space station will be completed by the end of 2022. In the future, more Chinese astronauts will "come to space," Fill in the gaps".
While China's manned spaceflight project has made new progress, the boundaries of China's space exploration in 2021 will also continue to expand.
On May 15th, Tianwen-1 successfully landed on Mars; on May 22nd, the "Zhurong" rover began to patrol and explore.
As the first step in China’s independent interplanetary exploration, the Tianwen-1 mission has achieved the three major goals of “orbiting, orbiting, and patrolling” Mars for the first time in the world’s aerospace history, marking China’s entry into the field of planetary exploration. The world first ranks.
In terms of lunar exploration, the Chinese scientific research team released the research results of the Chang'e-5 lunar samples, which proved that magma activity still existed on the moon 1.96 billion years ago, which extended the previously known lunar geological life by about 1 billion years; in addition, China National Aerospace Science and Technology Co., Ltd. The deputy director of the bureau, Wu Yanhua, revealed in an interview with the media recently that the fourth phase of China's lunar exploration project has been approved.
It includes three major missions, Chang'e 6, Chang'e 7, and Chang'e 8, and will build the basic model of a lunar research station.
In addition to major achievements in the field of Mars and Moon exploration, China will also enter the era of "sun exploration" in 2021.
On October 14, the first solar exploration science and technology experimental satellite "Xihe" was successfully launched.
The name of the satellite is inspired by the sun goddess Xihe in ancient Chinese mythology. This move symbolizes the origin and expansion of China's exploration of the sun.
At the same time, these further and further explorations of the universe are inseparable from the assistance of launch vehicles.
Up to now, China's aerospace has launched more than 50 annual launches, a record high. The Long March series of carrier rockets ushered in the 400th flight on December 10.
Compared with the first three "100" rounds, the latest 100 rounds only took 33 months, and China's exploration of space is getting faster and faster.
From manned spaceflight to deep space exploration, China's spaceflight in 2021 will "flower in many points", stepping up to the world outside the "cradle" of the earth, and contributing to the enrichment of mankind's space knowledge map.