China News Service, Hefei, December 22 (Reporter Wu Lan) The reporter learned from the University of Science and Technology of China on the 22nd that the Physics website of the American Physical Society announced on December 21st the ten major developments in the field of international physics in 2021. University of Science and Technology of China Pan Jianwei, Zhu Xiaobo, Lu Chaoyang, etc. completed the "Zuchong No. 2" and "Nine Chapter 2" quantum computing superiority experiment and NASA's "Parker" solar probe flew over the sun's corona for the first time, and Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory discovered Ten research results including the behavior of the elementary particle Muzi did not match the predictions of the Standard Model theory were selected.

  On October 25, the well-known physics journal "Physics Review Letters" published two major achievements on quantum computing by the team of Academician Pan Jianwei of the University of Science and Technology of China.

Among them, they successfully constructed the 66-bit programmable superconducting quantum computing prototype "Zuchongzhi No. 2", which realized the rapid solution of the "random line sampling" problem, tens of thousands of times faster than the current fastest supercomputer, making my country the first time in The superconducting quantum system has reached the milestone of the "superiority of quantum computing".

In the photonic system, they developed 113 photon 144 modes on the basis of the world’s first "Nine Chapters" optical quantum computing prototype machine that achieved the "superiority of quantum computing", and realized the phase programmable function. , The speed of solving the "Gaussian Bose sampling" problem is billions of billions of times faster than the current fastest supercomputer, setting the world record again.

  This series of achievements makes my country the only country in the world that has reached the milestone of "superiority of quantum computing" in both physical systems at the same time.

  The American Physical Society evaluated that the research team of the University of Science and Technology of China stood out from the competition with Google, IBM, etc., provided convincing experimental evidence, and demonstrated superior quantum computing superiority in their superconducting and optical quantum computers.

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