Winning the historical initiative in high-quality development: A review of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core leading the reshaping of the Chinese economy in the new era

  Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, December 8 -

Title: quality win in the history of the development of the initiative - with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core of the CPC Central Committee to lead a new era of China Reshaping Economic Review

  Xinhua News Agency reporter

  From 2012 to 2021, when the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics has gone through a nine-year journey, what new historical starting point is China's economy standing at?

  For many consecutive years, it has been the world's second largest economy, second largest consumer market, largest country in manufacturing, largest country in trade in goods, and largest country in foreign exchange reserves. It will become the largest foreign capital inflow country in 2020; build a well-off society in an all-round way, Solve the problem of absolute poverty historically, and move forward vigorously towards the second centenary goal of building a modern and powerful socialist country in an all-round way...

  Xinghe looks at Beidou brilliantly, standing bravely at the top of the tide and rising with the waves.

  Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has accurately grasped the new development stage, fully implemented the new development concept, and accelerated the construction of a new development pattern. The Chinese economy has moved forward along the new track of high-quality development in order to realize the Chinese nation. The great revival has laid a more solid material foundation.

Leading the way, China's economy is on the road of higher quality, more efficient, fairer, more sustainable and safer development

  In November 2021, the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Party was successfully held in Beijing.

  On the centenary of the founding of the party, the "Hundred Years Summary" of the Communist Party of China-the "Resolution of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on the Party's Major Achievements and Historical Experience in a Century of Struggle" attracted worldwide attention.

  "Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the balance, coordination, and sustainability of my country’s economic development have been significantly enhanced. The GDP has exceeded one hundred billion yuan, and the per capita GDP has exceeded 10,000 US dollars. Strength and comprehensive national strength have jumped to a new level, and my country's economy has embarked on a path of higher quality, more efficient, fairer, more sustainable, and safer development."

  The resolution summarizes the historic achievements and historic changes in economic construction in the new era.

  The development achievements that have attracted the attention of the world have more vivid footnotes: In 2020, under the impact of the global epidemic, China has become the world’s first major economy to achieve positive economic growth; in the Global Innovation Index (GII) report, China’s The 35th place jumped to the 12th place in 2021.

  The long river of history is still flowing deep, and only after the precipitation of time can it show a magnificent new voyage.

  Turning the hour hand back to 2012, China’s economic growth rate fell below 8% for the first time in the new century. Behind the rapid economic growth over the years, hidden worries have emerged:

  Some localities and departments have problems such as one-sided pursuit of speed and scale, and extensive development methods. In addition, after the international financial crisis, the world economy continues to be affected by the downturn. Economic structural and institutional contradictions continue to accumulate, and the problems of unbalanced, uncoordinated, and unsustainable development are very prominent. The traditional development model is unsustainable...

  The problem is the horn of the times.

  What kind of development does China want to achieve, and how to achieve it?

Regarding the eternal theme of development, Chinese navigators in the new era have explored ways to solve the problem in deep thinking and deep practice.

  In December 2012, the first Central Economic Work Conference after the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held, and General Secretary Xi Jinping delivered an important speech.

  "Development is the party's top priority in governing and rejuvenating the country. As the ruling party, we must effectively strengthen the party's leadership over economic work and do a solid job in economic work." General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized.

  At the helm of the tide, continue to strengthen the party's strategic planning and unified leadership of economic work.

Looking back on the 9-year history, this main line has become more vivid——

  The Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee and the Political Bureau of the Central Committee conduct regular surveys, research and analyze the economic situation, and make decisions on major economic issues; the Central Finance and Economics Commission (leading group) and the Central Comprehensive Deepening Reform Commission (leading group) conduct timely research on major issues and major reforms in economic and social development ; The Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, the 19th CPC National Congress, the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee and previous Central Economic Work Conferences have made arrangements for economic development...The Party’s institutional mechanisms for leading economic work have been continuously improved to escort the Chinese economy Face difficulties and move forward steadily.

  "We must strengthen the party's overall leadership, be good at observing and analyzing economic and social issues with a political vision, and really work hard to implement the Party Central Committee's decision-making and deployment to all aspects of economic work." The 2020 Central Economic Work Conference emphasized.

  The cross-flow of the sea is the mainstay.

In the face of major historical junctures and major tests, the judgment, decision-making power, and action power of the Party Central Committee play a decisive role.

  Faced with the Sino-US trade frictions unilaterally provoked and escalated by the U.S. government since 2018, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core takes over the overall situation and strategizes. Hundreds of millions of people have united and responded calmly, always standing on the right side of history. , Reshaping Sino-US economic and trade relations, the Chinese economy has become more vast and profound.

  In 2020, facing the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, General Secretary Xi Jinping responded calmly, made scientific decisions, coordinated epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, leading China in the world to "take the lead in controlling the epidemic", "the first to resume work and production", and the first to achieve economic growth. Turning from negative to positive" has given full play to the role of Dinghai Shenzhen and the core leadership.

  "The authority of the Party Central Committee is the fundamental support for the whole party and the people of all ethnic groups to face up to difficulties in times of crisis." The important thesis ranks first, condensing the profound consensus of the whole party and the people of the whole country.

  The way of all benefits keeps pace with the times.

  Observe the general trend of development, deeply grasp the laws, and lead the direction of China's economic development in the new era——

  "Successfully controlled the overall situation of my country's economic development, and in practice formed Xi Jinping's new era of socialist economic thoughts with Chinese characteristics with new development concepts as the main content." The Central Economic Work Conference held in December 2017 profoundly summarized.

  The era is the mother of thought, and practice is the source of theory.

  From judging that my country’s economic development is at a specific stage of "three-phase superposition" to proposing that economic development has entered a new normal, from proposing new development concepts to advancing supply-side structural reforms, and then clarifying that my country’s economy has shifted from a high-speed growth stage to high-quality progression stage……

  Adhere to the people-centered development thinking, adhere to the general keynote of the work of seeking progress while maintaining stability, adhere to the bottom line thinking and awareness of danger, face various risks and challenges, always maintain strategic determination, coordinate development and security, and achieve "stability" and "progress." The dialectical unity of...

  Starting from the changes in the main social contradictions and focusing on development as the first priority, General Secretary Xi Jinping’s series of new ideas, new thoughts and new strategies have scientifically and systematically answered the important issues of how China’s economy looks, how to do, how to do it, and for whom to do it. The problem has achieved new breakthroughs and new developments in the political economy of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

  Under the guidance of Xi Jinping’s economic thoughts, China’s economic development continues to play new festivities:

  Towards "beauty"——

  The structure of the three industries continued to be optimized, and the added value of the tertiary industry as a proportion of GDP continued to increase. It surpassed the secondary industry for the first time in 2012 and reached 54.5% in 2020; the power of the "troika" has accelerated, and the dependence on foreign trade has dropped from 67% in 2006 To nearly 32% in 2019, the contribution rate of domestic demand has exceeded 100% in 7 years; economic benefits have been continuously improved, and energy consumption per unit of GDP has been reduced by 24.4% since 2012. The proportion of high-tech manufacturing has increased from 9.4% in 2012 to 15.1% in 2020.

There are more blue skies. In 2020, the proportion of good days in prefecture-level and above cities nationwide will increase to 87%; rivers will be clearer, and the proportion of good surface water sections will increase to 83.4%; homes will be more beautiful, with nearly 10,000 natural reserves of all levels and types...

  Efforts to promote high-quality development and create a high-quality life, so that China can develop "beauty".

From the "beauty" of total quantity to the "beauty" of structure, from the "beauty" of ecology to the "beauty" of life, the "good life" with guaranteed people's livelihood and the "beautiful life" with full and joyful spirit complement each other.

  "Consolidate" the foundation——

  Resolutely resolutely curb the real economy and scientific and technological innovation and advancement, keep the agricultural "rice bowl" firmly in your own hands, consolidate and develop the world's most comprehensive industrial category, and build the world's largest highway Railway network, highway network, strengthen original and leading scientific and technological research, and deploy innovation chain around the industrial chain...

  Taking the real economy and technological innovation as the backbone of a strong economy, and creating value with tangible labor, laying a more solid material foundation for moving from an economic power to an economic power.

  Seeking "efficiency" to be successful——

  Deepen the reform in an all-round way with the reshaping of the relationship between the government and the market as the key, so that the market will play a decisive role in the allocation of resources, so that various market players have more vitality and space to develop the economy and create wealth; better use of the government is impossible The role of guidance and regulation is lacking, taking into account efficiency and fairness, resolutely preventing polarization, promoting common prosperity, and achieving social harmony and stability...

  Behind the "efficiency" of China's economic governance is the close integration of socialism and market economy, pioneering establishment and continuous enrichment of institutional mechanisms that are in line with China's national conditions, full of vitality and vitality, and China is increasingly showing strong vitality and institutional advantages. Wisdom and Chinese solutions.

  Good governance with "co-operation"——

  "Coordination is both a development tool and a development goal, as well as a standard and yardstick for evaluating development."

It is no longer simply to talk about heroes based on the growth rate of GDP. Improving the quality and efficiency of economic growth has become a common practice; coordinated regional development, coordinated development of urban and rural areas, coordinated development of material civilization and spiritual civilization are solid steps; practice "green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains" ", the path of development and protection of co-existence is clearer...

  While adhering to economic construction as the center, comprehensively promote the coordinated development of the "five in one", and the Chinese-style modernization path has entered a new stage of comprehensive advancement, comprehensive coordination, and more Chinese characteristics.

  "Total" wealth, "Total" win——

  From consolidating employment as the “foundation of the people’s livelihood” to insisting that houses are used for living and not for speculation, from rural “toilet revolution” to urban waste sorting, from reducing the burden of students’ homework and off-campus training to promoting centralized drug procurement and lightening The burden of medical care for the masses guarantees and improves people's livelihood in the course of high-quality development.

From winning the battle against poverty to building a well-off society in an all-round way, from making new substantive progress in promoting the common prosperity of all people, to building a community with a shared future for mankind, and continuing to take new steps, common prosperity is an essential requirement of socialism and an important feature of Chinese modernization. Highlight.

  The tide is surging, and the new era is full of weather.

  From the new historical starting point, to plan the big chess game with a big idea and respond to the big changes with a big pattern, General Secretary Xi Jinping leads the whole party and the people of the whole country to push the Chinese economic ship to cut through the waves and open up new vast seas and sky.

The concept is the key, and the profound changes related to the overall situation will be fully initiated, and the road of high-quality development will become wider and wider.

  At the beginning of 2021, General Secretary Xi Jinping gave the "first lesson of the year" for the main leading cadres at the provincial and ministerial level, which aroused high attention at home and abroad.

  "Accurately grasp the new development stage, thoroughly implement the new development concept, accelerate the construction of a new development pattern, promote high-quality development during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, and ensure that the comprehensive construction of a modern socialist country has a good start and a good start."

  On January 11th, General Secretary Xi Jinping delivered an important speech at the opening ceremony of the seminar on the study and implementation of the spirit of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Party for the main leading cadres at the provincial and ministerial level. Thinking and understanding.

  Whether the development concept is right or not, fundamentally determines the development effectiveness and even success or failure——

  On February 25, 2014, General Secretary Xi Jinping walked into Yu'er Hutong, Nanluoguxiang, visited the house and asked about the cold. In the afternoon, he came to the Ninth Water Plant of Beijing Water Supply Group to listen to the overall treatment of water resources, sewage, garbage, and smog. Introduction.

  "In a megacities like Beijing, environmental governance is a systematic project and must be firmly grasped as a major livelihood matter. The prevention and control of air pollution is one of the most prominent issues facing the development of Beijing." The general secretary's words are thought-provoking.

  At that time, the impact of the international financial crisis continued. While China's economic growth rate was slowing down, deep-seated structural problems such as extensive growth methods, serious environmental pollution, and lack of funds from real to virtual, became prominent.

  In May 2014, General Secretary Xi Jinping publicly proposed the concept of "new normal" for the first time during an inspection in Henan.

  Since then, on a series of important occasions, the general secretary has made a more in-depth explanation of this important judgment concerning the overall situation, and used "understand the new normal, adapt to the new normal, and lead the new normal" to clarify the logic of China's economic development in the era.

  To do economic work well is to grasp the laws, plan in accordance with the situation, and follow the trend.

  In October 2015, at the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping put forward the new development concept of innovation, coordination, greenness, openness, and sharing, which provided a fundamental basis for economic development and became the core of Xi Jinping's economic thinking.

  "These five development concepts are not derived out of thin air. They are formed on the basis of profoundly summing up domestic and foreign development experiences and lessons, and are also formed on the basis of in-depth analysis of the general development trend at home and abroad. They reflect our party’s economic and social development. The deepening of the understanding of the law is also raised in response to the prominent contradictions and problems in the development of our country." General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out the profound connotations.

  Guided by the new development concept, a profound change related to the overall development of development has been fully opened——

  Driven by innovation to reshape the driving force for development.

  "Grasp the innovation, you grasp the'null nose' that affects the overall economic and social development." General Secretary Xi Jinping repeatedly emphasized that we must concentrate our efforts on the key core technology of "stuck neck", just like the "two bombs and one star" in the past. .

  From China's high-speed rail Mercedes-Benz Shenzhou Dadi, the C919 large passenger plane flew into the sky, to the completion of the "China Sky Eye", the Beidou navigation system was officially opened, and breakthroughs were made in 5G, from quantum and stem cell research to "no man's land" to big data and artificial Intelligence empowers high-quality development...

  In the past 9 years, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has implemented an innovation-driven development strategy, made major decisions and deployments to build a world power in science and technology, and promoted the accumulation of my country's scientific and technological strength from a quantitative accumulation to a qualitative leap, and a breakthrough from a point to an improvement in system capability. , Let the fountain of innovation continue to flow.

  Build a beautiful China with green development.

  Qilian Mountain, the ecological barrier that stretches for thousands of miles in the Shouwang Hexi Corridor, was once caused by the "black growth history", which caused fragmentation of frozen soil, sparse vegetation, and severe local ecological damage.

  Since the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the care of General Secretary Xi Jinping, Qilian Mountain has undergone "the most stringent" rectification in history. It has cleared up years of ills and owed old accounts, and has ushered in a change of background from black to green.

Nowadays, the new energy industry along the route is "infinitely beautiful", and the "change of abundance" is gradually fulfilled.

  In August 2019, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized during an inspection in Gansu that as long as the new development concept is implemented, green water and green mountains can become a golden mountain and a silver mountain.

  The construction of ecological civilization is incorporated into the overall layout of the "five in one", proclaiming China's carbon peak and carbon neutral goals to the world, and the word "beauty" is written into the goal of a modern socialist country... A series of top-level designs reflect the concept of green development deeply rooted in the hearts of the people.

  Solve the problem of unbalanced development in coordinated development, solve the problem of internal and external linkages in development in open development, and solve the problem of social fairness and justice in shared development... The new development concept continues to answer questions about the purpose, motivation, method, and path of development, and guide my country's economic development continues to take new steps and show new vibes.

  The idea is the forerunner of action, managing the overall situation, the fundamental, the direction and the long-term.

  Embarking on a new journey, the new development concept is leading the Chinese economy onto a broad road of high-quality development——

  "The development of the new era and the new stage must implement the new development concept and must be high-quality development";

  "The new development concept and high-quality development are inherently unified, and high-quality development is the development that reflects the new development concept";

  "The whole party must fully, accurately and fully implement the new development concept"...

  The spirit of a series of important speeches delivered by General Secretary Xi Jinping conveys a clear direction: The "14th Five-Year Plan" will be a longer period from now on, guided by new development concepts, and the theme of high-quality development must be reflected in all fields and the entire process of national development.

  New ideas lead high-quality development, and comprehensive deepening of reforms fully releases market vitality.

  In 2013, the Third Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China passed the "Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Several Major Issues in Comprehensively Deepening Reform", drawing a grand blueprint for comprehensively deepening reform.

  "Make the market play a decisive role in the allocation of resources and give better play to the government's role."

This major change from "basic role" to "decisive role" demonstrates that the party has further enriched and developed its understanding of the laws of the socialist market economy with Chinese characteristics.

  System integration and overall advancement.

Adhere to the correct direction of comprehensively deepening reforms, and lose no time to advance reforms in key areas. General Secretary Xi Jinping's far-reaching planning and overall deployment of economic reforms fully demonstrate the superiority of the socialist system.

  Focus on building a high-level socialist market economic system, adhere to the "two unwavering", make arrangements to protect property rights in accordance with the law, promote entrepreneurship, implement a unified national market access negative list system; correctly handle the relationship between the government and the market, and promote Effective market and effective government are better integrated, deepen the reform of decentralization, regulation and service, and continue to optimize the business environment; reforms in key areas such as fiscal and taxation system reforms, state-owned enterprise reforms, and rural reforms are advanced to a deeper level;

  Focusing on shaping a new space for development, the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta, the ecological protection of the Yellow River Basin and the high-quality development of regional major strategic linkages, the development of the western region, and the comprehensive development of the Northeast Rejuvenation, the rise of the central region, and the coordinated advancement of the eastern region's development, further optimized the land and space layout, and accelerated the formation of a unified national market;

  Focusing on consolidating the foundation of development, coordinating development and security, focusing on public health, biology, food, energy, finance, networks, disaster prevention and preparedness, social governance and other fields, making up for shortcomings, plugging loopholes, strengths and weaknesses, and taking the initiative...

  "What the people care about and what they look forward to, what reforms must grasp and promote, through reforms, bring more sense of gain to the people."

  Focusing on the major and pressing issues facing China’s development and responding to the people’s yearning for a better life, General Secretary Xi Jinping followed the laws of economy, nature, and society, and made a series of theoretical summaries and strategic deployments of new practices in my country’s economic development, and continued to develop and develop New space.

  "It is necessary to achieve high-quality development in which innovation becomes the first driving force, coordination becomes an endogenous feature, green becomes a universal form, openness becomes the only way, and sharing becomes the fundamental goal, and promotes quality changes in economic development, efficiency changes, and power changes." The party's nineteenth The resolution of the Sixth Plenary Session of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China emphasized.

  This is a profound historical self-confidence as well as a profound development consciousness.

Changes in the pattern, to build a new development pattern, create new advantages in cooperation and competition, and play a new chapter of mutual benefit and win-win

  At Nanjing Road Pedestrian Street, Shanghai Jinbo Market, Afghan carpet dealer Ali is busy showing Afghan handmade carpets to consumers.

  "As long as you sell a large hand-made wool carpet, you can guarantee the life of an ordinary family in this war-torn country for nearly a year." At this year's CIIE, the carpet was exactly the exhibit brought by Ali.

  The world's first import-themed national-level exhibition, planned, deployed and promoted by General Secretary Xi Jinping himself, is internationally hailed as China's opening "golden gate".

The four consecutive years of hosting the CIIE have reflected China's profound transformation from a world factory to a world market, from relying on external demand to expanding domestic demand.

  China today is at the historical intersection of the "two centenary" goals, entering a new stage of development, and facing new challenges and opportunities.

  Looking at the world, the world has undergone major changes unseen in a century, with rising protectionism, a downturn in the world economy, and shrinking global markets. The impact of the epidemic has brought greater uncertainty to countries;

  Looking at the domestic market, China’s factor endowment and economic development model have quietly changed, the international cycle of markets and resources has been significantly weakened, the degree of dependence on foreign trade has fallen sharply, and domestic demand has increasingly become the main driving force of economic growth.

  Those who are aware change with time, and those who know are governed by events.

  On April 10, 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping proposed for the first time the establishment of a new development pattern at the seventh meeting of the Central Committee of Finance and Economics.

  Since then, the Fifth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Party made comprehensive arrangements for the establishment of a new development pattern.

In the "14th Five-Year Plan" and the 2035 long-term goal outline, a special article "form a strong domestic market and build a new development pattern" is elaborated.

  Focusing on the overall situation and following the general trend, General Secretary Xi Jinping has made strategic plans for the medium and long-term development of our country——

  "This is a strategic layout and first move to grasp the initiative of future development. It is a major historical task that must be promoted in the new development stage, and it is also a major measure to implement the new development concept";

  "We must firmly grasp the strategic basis of expanding domestic demand, and strive to explore effective ways to form a new development pattern";

  "We emphasize that building a new development pattern is not about building behind closed doors, but about continuing to expand and opening up"...

  Whether it is domestic inspections or seminars or attending international conferences, General Secretary Xi Jinping has repeatedly expounded and deployed on the construction of a new development pattern, and the new development picture is being drawn up quickly.

  Taking deepening reform as the starting point, to stimulate the potential of domestic demand in building a unified large market——

  On November 18, 2021, the State Anti-Monopoly Bureau was listed.

  On the third day after listing, this newly established institution initiated centralized penalties for market monopoly behavior. Within two weeks of listing, a total of 46 penalties were issued, referring to monopolistic violations in industries such as pharmaceuticals, gas, and the Internet.

  Strengthening anti-monopoly and anti-unfair competition, and creating a fairer competitive market environment for all kinds of subjects, is one of the means to improve the efficiency of the domestic big cycle and build a unified domestic market.

  A series of measures are aimed at smooth circulation and blockages: meeting domestic demand as the basic focus, strengthening the construction of a modern logistics system; accelerating scientific and technological self-reliance, promoting the optimization and upgrading of the industrial chain supply chain; launching several measures to boost key consumption of bulk consumption, and comprehensively Promote rural revitalization and continue to promote urbanization with people at the core...The potential for domestic demand is constantly being released.






















































  Looking forward to the doomed and extraordinary road ahead, the "14th Five-Year Plan" started steadily, and on the new journey of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way, various difficulties and challenges are still unabated. Each and every difficulty needs to be overcome urgently, but the times and trends are always on our side.

  "Taking history as a mirror, creating the future, not forgetting the original aspiration, and keeping in mind the mission."

The Communist Party of China, which has gone through a century, has led the hard-working and intelligent Chinese people, moved forward with incomparable courage and determination, embraced the world with a broad mind, and will surely win the initiative and win the future in the mighty process of continuously reaching a new realm of development.

(Reporters Zou Wei, Zhao Xiaohui, Han Jie, Yu Jiaxin, An Bei, Xu Yang)