Elderly people need to "receive everything" for vaccinating the new crown vaccine

  Pay attention to the new crown vaccination

  ◎Reporter Zhang Jiaxing

  65 times!

150 times!

370 times!

  These three figures come from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States, based on the analysis of the new crown pneumonia epidemic in the United States. Compared with the population of 18-29 years old, the risk of death for people aged 65-74, 75-84, and 85 years old is increased by multiples. .

  At the State Council’s joint prevention and control press conference on November 30, Zheng Zhongwei, director of the Science and Technology Development Center of the National Health Commission, said that according to the statistics of various countries, the current global death toll is mainly concentrated in the over 70 years old.

  How to greatly reduce the risk of severe illness and death of the elderly in the new crown pneumonia epidemic?

  "The risk of severe illness in the elderly after being vaccinated with the new crown pneumonia vaccine is significantly lower than that of the unvaccinated elderly. However, there are still about 50 million elderly people in my country who have not received the new crown virus vaccine." Zheng Zhongwei said, if the 50 million people are not quickly promoted Once the vaccination work is relaxed, severe illness and death will occur, causing major social problems.

  200 million elderly people have been vaccinated, and the vaccination rate in some areas is insufficient

  Statistics show that there are 264 million people over 60 years old in my country, and 20.6317,000 people have been vaccinated so far.

At present, there are still about 50 million elderly people (about 20%) who have not been vaccinated against the new coronavirus, which is equivalent to the population of medium-sized countries.

  According to data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the current COVID-19 vaccination rate among people 65 years of age and over in the United States has reached 86.1%.

Japanese official data show that the number of people aged 60-64, 65-69, 70-79, and 80 years old who completed the entire vaccination accounted for 86.5%, 87.83%, 92.62%, and 94.35%, respectively.

  "In comparison, the proportion of new crown vaccination among the elderly in my country is low." Zheng Zhongwei said that in some provinces and cities, the vaccination rate of the elderly over 80 is less than 30%, and the vaccination rate of the elderly over 70 is less than 50%, but due to the infection The risk of severe illness and death after the new crown virus is the highest, and the new crown vaccination of this population should be accelerated.

  "Many elderly people think that by staying at home or in remote rural areas, the risk of infection is reduced. This is a misunderstanding." Zheng Zhongwei reminded that as the proportion of young people vaccinated becomes higher and higher, they will become mildly or non-infected if they are infected. symptom.

When reuniting with the elderly during New Years and holidays, there may be a risk of bringing the virus home and infecting the elderly.

Therefore, we must make sure that all the elderly should take care of them.

  The mortality rate of the elderly is higher, and immunization should be strengthened

  "WHO reports that the new crown virus causes a case fatality rate of 2% for the entire population. The case fatality rate of the elderly has been reported to be 50% or even higher." Wang Huaqing, chief expert of the China Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's immunization program, explained, leading to severe illness and death. There are two important factors: one is age, and the other is underlying disease.

  In terms of age, with the increase of age, immune organs such as the thymus gland atrophy and the immune ability declines, making it difficult to resist the attack of the new coronavirus.

  In terms of basic diseases, most of the deaths from new coronary pneumonia died from organ failure. Due to the superposition with basic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes, it will greatly increase the risk of death caused by severe illness.

  Wang Huaqing said that many elderly people have one or several basic diseases, and the risk of severe illness and death is relatively high when several causes are superimposed.

Therefore, this part of the population needs to be vaccinated against the new crown vaccine.

For the elderly with basic diseases, vaccinations can be carried out in a stable period, or you can consult a vaccination doctor or clinician.

  "After the elderly are vaccinated with the new crown vaccine, the antibody level drops faster." Wang Huaqing said that compared with other adults, the protective effect of the new crown vaccine decreases over time, and the decline is greater for the elderly.

  Wang Huaqing said that countries all over the world that have carried out booster immunization have a common focus, that is, the elderly. They hope to increase the level of immunity of the elderly through booster immunization and improve the level of protection for the elderly.

  500 million elderly people have been vaccinated, proving safety

  The new coronavirus vaccine currently in use in my country has undergone phase I, II, and III clinical trials for the entire population, including the elderly, before it is approved by relevant agencies for conditional marketing or emergency use.

In addition, the number of new coronavirus vaccines in my country has exceeded 500 million doses among elderly people over 60 years old at home and abroad. The vaccine has shown good safety in more than 500 million doses and in the vaccination process of elderly people. Human adverse reactions are slightly lower than adults.

  Zheng Zhongwei introduced that there are 106-year-olds among the elderly people who have received the new coronavirus vaccine abroad, and there are also 106-year-old people with the highest age of my country's new coronavirus vaccine in China, both of which show good safety.

The data shows that the overall side effects of my country's main vaccines are relatively low, and the fever ratio after vaccination is about 17.61 per 1 million, which generally does not need to be dealt with.

Severe allergic reactions are less than one in ten million and can be recovered as long as they are treated in time.

  Zheng Zhongwei reminds: The elderly can be vaccinated against the new coronavirus except for those who have had anaphylactic shock or laryngeal edema after vaccination, are feverish or are in an acute attack of infectious diseases and neurological diseases.