The Greens are satisfied with the agreements made by the future traffic light coalition on climate policy. The coalition agreement with the SPD and FDP should make it clear that climate protection will run through all areas as a cross-cutting issue - from traffic to industry, construction and housing to agriculture, the party said to the German press agency. After years of standstill, a “new dynamic” is being set in motion to bring Germany onto the 1.5-degree path. “That was indispensable for the Greens.” What is meant is the goal anchored in the Paris Climate Agreement of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees compared to the pre-industrial era.

The coalition negotiations meanwhile turn into the home straight.

Members of the Bundestag Kevin Kühnert (SPD) and Stefan Gelbhaar (Greens) said at an association meeting on Tuesday that the contract could "probably be presented tomorrow", ie on Wednesday.

Massive expansion of renewable energies

According to the green negotiating groups, the massive expansion of renewable energies from wind and sun is to be determined in this, in order to achieve a faster coal phase-out - de facto for the year 2030. So far, the climate-damaging coal-fired power generation in Germany is to be ended by 2038 at the latest.

Billions in aid were decided upon for structural change in the coal regions.

With the expansion of renewable energies, their share of electricity consumption should climb to 80 percent in 2030, according to the green negotiating circles.

This should succeed with faster planning and approval procedures and a solar obligation.

Two percent of the land area is to be available for the expansion of wind energy on land, the capacities for offshore wind energy are to be increased to at least 30 gigawatts by 2030.

In 2030, 50 percent of the heat is to be generated in a climate-neutral manner.

Increase green electricity to 65 percent by 2030

So far, the goal of politics has been to increase the share of green electricity in electricity consumption to 65 percent by 2030. Last year, according to industry information, renewable energies had a share of around 45 percent. In terms of capacities for offshore wind energy, an output of 20 gigawatts has so far been planned by 2030 - the new goal of the traffic light would be a significant increase.

So far, there have been many obstacles to expanding wind power. This includes too little space, long planning procedures, many lawsuits and conflicts with species and nature conservation. The goal of two percent of the country's area has not yet been achieved by a long way. As emerged from a report submitted in October by a federal-state cooperation committee, as of December 31, 2020, a legally valid area for onshore wind energy of 0.70 to 0.85 percent was available nationwide. According to some country reports, planning processes currently take at least five, but sometimes even twelve years.

In addition, according to information from green negotiating circles, a future traffic light government wants to bring at least 15 million fully electric cars onto German roads by 2030.

In around ten years there should be no more approvals for fossil combustion engines in Germany.

The corresponding passage literally says: "According to the proposals of the European Commission, only CO2-neutral vehicles will be permitted in the transport sector in Europe in 2035 - this will have an effect earlier in Germany." For Germany, this will have an effect at the beginning of the 2030s .

So far no targets for e-cars

So far, there are no political targets for the number of e-cars on German roads.

The Federal Environment Agency considers a stock of around 16 million electric vehicles to be necessary by 2030 in order to achieve the climate protection target in the Climate Protection Act, as stated in a recently presented concept.

This provides numerous suggestions so that climate goals can be achieved in transport.

"When it comes to climate protection, traffic is heading in the wrong direction," said the President of the Federal Environment Agency, Dirk Messner, of the dpa.

"Without massive efforts there, too, there will be no overall climate protection."