China News Service, Xi’an, October 28 (Yang Yingqi and Zhang Yichen) The reporter learned from the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University (hereinafter referred to as the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University) that the hospital’s cardiovascular surgery, thoracic surgery, plastic surgery, anesthesia The Surgery Department and the Ultrasound Department collaborated in multiple disciplines to successfully implement the "aortic valve replacement + right ventricular diverticulum repair + Peek material 3D printing total sternum reconstruction" for patients with congenital valvular heart disease and congenital sternal cleft.

  Half a year ago, Mr. Wang, a 49-year-old patient, began to have chest tightness, discomfort, shortness of breath and other symptoms without inducement. After examination by the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Mr. Wang was diagnosed with congenital sternal cleft, valvular heart disease, and congenital bicuspid aortic valve malformation. , Aortic insufficiency, dilation of the ascending aorta, right ventricular diverticulum and pulmonary hypertension.

The patient receives treatment.

Photo courtesy of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University

  It is understood that the sternum is an important part of the thorax. It not only maintains the stability of the thorax, but is also an important barrier to protect the heart and large blood vessels.

The chest wall is missing and the heart and lungs lose the "protective wall". Daily life and sports pose a major threat to the heart and great blood vessels, even life-threatening.

  For the life and health of patients, relying on the multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment (MDT) platform, the Medical Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University organizes experts in multiple disciplines of the hospital, including cardiology, thoracic surgery, plastic and maxillofacial surgery, anesthesiology, cardiology and ultrasound. , Conducted consultation on Mr. Wang’s condition and treatment plan.

After comprehensive and detailed evaluation and discussion by multidisciplinary experts, it is planned to implement the treatment plan of "heart valve replacement, and the application of polyetheretherketone resin (Peek) material and 3D printing technology to complete the reconstruction of the sternum".

  On the day of the operation, the various discipline teams of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University collaborated.

The cardiovascular surgery team successfully completed the aortic valve replacement + right ventricular diverticulum repair. Then, the thoracic surgery team relayed the effort to repair the absent chest wall with a fully prepared artificial sternal rib prosthesis, realizing the functional reconstruction of the bony thorax.

Finally, the team fully freed the pectoralis major muscle flap.

Correcting the heart, filling the missing sternum and suture the skin in one go. The operation lasted 4 hours and ended.

  It is reported that on the third day after the operation, the patient got off the ventilator and has now returned to the ward for rehabilitation.