"Thirteenth Five-Year Plan", science and technology are strong, the country is strong!

  Tianhe Feitian, "Struggle" entering the sea, Beidou satellite network, 600 kilometers per hour maglev train successfully rolled off the line... Are you familiar with these major powers?

Do you remember the scenes that made people heart-pounding?

Facing the frontiers of world science and technology, facing the main economic battlefield, facing the major needs of the country, and facing the people’s lives and health, during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, China’s scientific and technological undertakings have accelerated development and innovation capabilities have been greatly improved. A number of major scientific and technological achievements have been achieved.

Recently, a week-long National "Thirteenth Five-Year" Science and Technology Innovation Achievement Exhibition was held in Beijing.

Readers who are unable to visit the site do not have to regret. In this issue, the reporter will take you to "see" the exhibition immersively.

  Nine Worlds, Five Oceans: National Heavy Equipment Showcased

  Statistics from the Ministry of Science and Technology show that during the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, China's social R&D expenditures increased from 1.42 trillion yuan to 2.44 trillion yuan, the intensity of R&D investment increased from 2.06% to 2.4%, and basic research R&D investment reached 6%.

A series of rising figures have boosted scientific and technological strength to a new level, and the country's heaviest weapons have emerged eagerly.

  What exactly is the sky and core module of the China Space Station?

On the South Square of the Beijing Exhibition Center, the space station’s sky and the core module’s large column model have become a “check-in” place for almost every visitor to take pictures.

Not long ago, the first section of China's space station and the core module were successfully launched.

According to the staff from the China Manned Space Engineering Office, the core module is mainly used for the control and management of the space station, supporting astronauts to stay in and conduct scientific experiments for a long time. , Will fully open a new era of space science research and application in China."

  "Struggle", "Deep Sea Warrior", "Jiaolong", on the side of the square, the famous Chinese manned submersible "family" lined up in the form of models, showing the hard power of China's deep diving.

The localization rate of the Struggle, which has set a new record of 10,909 meters for manned deep dives in China, exceeds 96.5%. At this exhibition, the R&D team from the 702 Research Institute of China Shipbuilding Corporation will use the inner operating cabin of the Struggle. The model was also moved to the scene, allowing many viewers to experience the addiction of deep divers.

  Although large domestic aircrafts such as C919, CR929 and ARJ21 can only be displayed on the booth in the form of large models, COMAC moved the man-machine co-driving intelligent flight research platform from the laboratory, which still aroused the excitement of the visitors.

Spectators ride in the platform cabin and can use touch, motion and sound to control the flight simulation of the big plane, feeling the swing back and forth, as if on the scene.

  Upon entering the basic research exhibition area, the "Nine Chapters" quantum computing prototype model caught people's attention and unveiled the mystery of quantum computing to the public.

Professor Yuming He of the University of Science and Technology of China introduced that "Nine Chapters" have realized the rapid solution of the "Gaussian Bose sampling" task with practical prospects.

According to the existing theory, it can deal with this problem one trillion times faster than the fastest supercomputer at present, and 10 billion times faster than the 53 superconducting bit quantum computing prototype "Plaanula" released by Google.

"This achievement has enabled China to successfully reach the first milestone in quantum computing research: the superiority of quantum computing." He Yuming said.

  From the dining table to the distance: Technology adds to a better life

  Technology is a weapon of the country, and the people rely on it.

Over the past five years, more and more high-tech achievements have enriched people's yearning for a better life.

  Under the soft light of colorful LED, rice seedlings with four layers of different heights thrive in the unmanned plant factory of soilless cultivation.

In the agricultural and rural exhibition area, the unmanned plant factory rice breeding accelerator tells the innovative story of "having food in technology".

Yang Qichang, a researcher at the Institute of Urban Agriculture of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, explained that through precise matching of light, nutrition, temperature, etc., the growth cycle of rice in unmanned plant farms can be shortened from 120 days to 60 days, realizing a disruptive experience in the history of rice cultivation. A breakthrough, in the future, rice can be bred for 5 to 6 generations per year, and it can also be used for the "rapid breeding" of wheat, corn, soybeans and other crops, providing a brand-new solution for accelerating the breeding speed and ensuring food security.

  Blue and gray body, bullet-shaped front, tough double-sided stacking ridges, special "holding rail" structure... On the side of the square in front of the exhibition hall, the 600 kilometers per hour maglev train appeared in a technological sense. Amazing everyone.

Walking into the carriage, the comfortable and bright wide car body design is refreshing and full of expectations for visitors.

  With a speed of 600 kilometers per hour, this is the "fastest on the surface" vehicle currently achievable.

Therefore, the high-speed maglev is also vividly referred to as "flight close to the ground."

The R&D team from CRRC told reporters that this maglev train is a speed level supplement between the 350km/h high-speed rail and 800~900km/h aircraft. It will become a higher-speed advanced land vehicle in China. Realize the commute of 500 kilometers in 1 hour and the intercity of 1500 kilometers in 3 hours. In this way, it only takes half an hour or 1 hour to travel within the city clusters, only 1 to 3 hours for the transportation between the core cities, and only 3 hours for the city clusters. It takes ~5 hours to arrive, which will greatly improve travel efficiency."

  In just 10 minutes, small lesions throughout the body can be imaged with high precision and speed.

In the social development exhibition area, the integrated whole body positron emission/magnetic resonance imaging equipment (PET/MR) independently developed by China made its debut. As the most cutting-edge technology representative in the field of medical imaging equipment, it attracted the attention of many audiences.

The on-site staff proudly introduced: "All the core parameters of this equipment have reached the international leading level, and the imaging time has been shortened by more than half compared with the traditional equipment. Once it comes out, it has shown strong market competitiveness and forced foreign brands that have long-term monopoly on the market. The price of the product has been significantly reduced, and it has been installed and used in dozens of public tertiary hospitals and private imaging centers in China, serving more than 10,000 patients."

  Going to a well-off city to build a highland: new momentum for high-quality development

  "I am a farmer's child. When I was a child, I dreamed of making farmers live a good life." At the exhibition site, Su Hailan, a senior agronomist from the Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, combined pictures and videos to tell the audience about the "Damei Science and Technology Commissioner". story.

  Su Hailan is a post-80s science and technology commissioner. Over the years, she has devoted herself to one thing: taking root in Guangze County in the mountainous area of ​​northern Fujian, leading farmers to plant scarce medicinal materials Aesculus and Aesculus.

Today, this "endangered flower" has gone from being nearly extinct to forming a new industry, which has driven the development of one party.

Li Yu, Zhao Yafu, Li Baoguo... Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, a total of 289,800 scientific and technological commissioners have been selected by the national science and technology system to promote the application of more than 50,000 advanced and practical technologies and new varieties in impoverished areas, and they have sprinkled their sweat on comprehensive construction. On the decisive journey of a well-off society.

  On the azure blue sea, a golden yellow oil storage platform stands steadily, and the underwater oil and gas production system and gathering pipeline network are clear at a glance.

In front of the "Deep Sea One" booth, academician Jia Chengzao of the Chinese Academy of Sciences couldn't hide his excitement.

He told reporters, “Through the implementation of major special projects, China has successfully built a deep-water operation fleet and achieved a leap from 500 meters to 3000 meters in operating water depths. The successful commissioning of the'Deep Sea No. 1'ultra-deep water large gas field represents China's 1,500 The independent development capability of the Mi ultra-deepwater oil and gas field will effectively help the construction of China's trillion-dollar gas area in the South China Sea."

  "We created the'China Speed' that launched 18 arrows and 30 stars in two and a half years and completed the Beidou-3 system half a year ahead of schedule!" Before the Beidou satellite navigation system booth, Yang Jun, deputy director of the China Satellite Navigation System Management Office, couldn't help but sigh.

The Beidou system has overcome more than 160 core key technologies and realized 100% independent controllability of core components. Now Beidou has been applied in more than 120 countries and regions, benefiting one billion users worldwide.

  Beili Air flexible explosion-proof barrels, high-precision inertial navigation systems for science and engineering navigation, molecular sponge blood purification materials for science and technology and Zero2IPO...In the regional innovation exhibition area, a series of achievements transformation products from Beijing Institute of Technology reflect the five years of Beijing’s accelerated construction international The pace of the Science and Technology Innovation Center.

"We have built a new type of specialized technology transfer organization to face the frontiers of world science and technology, the main economic battlefield, major national needs, and people’s lives and health. We have established a number of disciplinary companies that implement the transformation of major scientific and technological achievements with a new mechanism, and achieved significant economic growth. Social benefits." Chen Baiqiang, director of the Technology Transfer Center of Beijing Institute of Technology, said emotionally, "Promoting the transformation of scientific and technological achievements and innovation and entrepreneurship is an important way to promote the integration of technology and economy and cultivate new drivers of development. Regional innovation is an important pillar for the construction of an innovative country. . In the next five years, innovation, we are full of expectations."

  (Reporter Yang Shu)

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