On October 14, residents practiced morning exercises in Chongqing Yunyang Moonlight Lawn Park.

Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Wang Quanchao

The evaluation of health facilities in major cities across the country has been released, which reminds all localities-  

Do a good job in urban planning, don't pull down the health facilities (big health observation)

  Our reporter Wang Meihua

  Do you know what health-related facilities are available in the city?

What are the differences in the planning, construction, and use of health facilities in various cities?

  Recently, the "Tsinghua City Health Facilities Index" research report was jointly released in Beijing by the China New Urbanization Research Institute of Tsinghua University, Vanke School of Public Health and Health of Tsinghua University, and Tsinghua University Health China Research Institute.

Through innovative use of multi-source big data and geographic information technology, the report conducted a comprehensive assessment of the health facility planning, construction level, and use of facilities in 80 major cities in China, and conducted a comprehensive assessment of the overall conditions of cities of different regions, types, and sizes. The key points are sorted out, the cause analysis of the problems found, and policy recommendations are put forward.

Urban health facilities do not only refer to medical and health institutions

  Speaking of urban health facilities, is the hospital the first thing you think of?

  "The'health facilities' that the report focuses on not only refer to medical and health facilities, but also involve all health elements such as elderly care, traditional Chinese medicine, psychology, sports, green travel, and emergency shelter," said Li Dong, senior research specialist at the China Institute of New Urbanization, Tsinghua University. The report puts more emphasis on the crossover and combination of public health and spatial planning.

  Li Dong introduced that in the construction of indicators, the "Tsinghua Urban Health Facility Index" relied on the theoretical framework of public health and spatial planning, reorganized the core content of "health + facilities", and established "core facilities", "support facilities" and "facility use". "The indicator system of 3 secondary indicators and 15 tertiary indicators carries out evaluation from different unit levels such as cities, urban areas, and communities, focusing on different evaluation dimensions such as quantity, accessibility, and density.

The index also pays special attention to indicators that reflect the actual use of facilities, such as the sharing rate of community medical facilities, the rate of harmless treatment of domestic waste, the rate of sewage treatment, and the city congestion index. The level of various health-related facilities.

  "In terms of data methods, in addition to regular government statistics and survey data, the focus is on integrating social big data, especially the application of Internet map POI (points of interest) data." Li Dong said, POI data means that the facility is more likely to be used by users The retrieval, access and use have realized the evaluation and analysis of a large sample of actual available facilities.

Significant differences in the level of urban health facilities in different regions

  The report shows that Shenzhen ranks first in terms of urban health facility index rankings.

Hangzhou, Jinhua, Ordos and Ningbo ranked 2nd to 5th, and Kunming, Zhuhai, Chengdu, Nanjing and Yinchuan ranked 6th to 10th.

  "The leading cities in the urban health facility index are mainly central cities and eastern coastal cities." Li Dong said that some prefecture-level cities, such as Jinhua, Ordos, and Zhuhai, ranked in the top ten.

  From an overall point of view, there are significant differences in the level of health facilities between different regions, different economic levels and cities of different sizes across the country.

Central cities and eastern coastal cities are relatively leading; the health facilities of each city are basically in line with the trend of economic development; urban health facilities of different population sizes are distributed in a "two-tier" distribution, and large cities with a population of more than 3 million have obvious advantages.

  From the perspective of secondary indicators, the characteristics of core facilities, supporting facilities, and facility use results are different.

Central cities dominate the supply of core facilities such as medical care, sports, and elderly care; the southeast coastal cities are leading the way in supporting facilities such as green travel, public toilets, and emergency shelters, while the northeast and central and western regions are relatively short; share in community medical use Most cities across the country are relatively good in terms of facility rates, garbage and sewage treatment facilities, but the northeast and western regions are relatively lagging behind.

  It is worth noting that some current health facilities are obviously insufficient.

For example, most cities across the country have insufficient supply of facilities such as elderly care, psychological counseling, and emergency refuge. There is a huge gap between the number of football fields and the national planning and construction goals, and the utilization rate of community medical care is low.

For the northeast and central and western regions, most cities have large gaps in indicators such as elderly care, physical fitness, psychological counseling, buses, and public toilets, and community medical service capabilities urgently need to be improved.

For cities in the Yangtze River Delta, attention should be paid to shortcomings in the number of medical and health facilities per capita and the accessibility of community health facilities.

  The task force calls on local governments to pay more attention to the actual availability of health facilities, and focus on improving elderly care, emergency refuge, public toilets, community medical facilities and their utilization rate in response to the current outstanding deficiencies, and respond to the public’s health concerns. Demands for the ever-increasing level of facilities and services.

Building a more livable, resilient and safer healthy urban space

  "As an'organic life body', the city has a direct impact on public health through planning, construction and management of land use, traffic guidance, facility layout and community shaping." Dean of Tsinghua University Health China Research Institute, Tsinghua University Vanke Public Liang Wannian, Executive Deputy Dean of the School of Health and Health, said that incorporating health elements into urban and regional planning, building a more livable, resilient, and safer healthy urban space, and realizing the healthy and coordinated development of people’s health and the economy and society, has become a must. The proposition of the times.

  Wang Yu, distinguished visiting professor of Vanke School of Public Health and Health at Tsinghua University and deputy director of the Healthy City Research Center, pointed out that entering a new stage of development, we must adhere to a new road of people-centered urbanization, and increase people’s well-being must be the foundation of urban governance. Goal, urban planning should shift from “seeing things but not people” to focusing on people’s living conditions, living conditions, and development status as the core, and to comprehensively improve people’s physical and mental quality and quality of life as the fundamental goal, “to achieve such high-quality development Status, scientific research and innovation is an indispensable supporting force."