UNEP = United Nations Environment Program announces that even if each country achieves its greenhouse gas reduction target for 2030, the average global temperature is expected to rise by at least 2.7 degrees by the end of this century, and measures are taken by each country. I want to strengthen.

UNEP has been compiling a report on greenhouse gases every year since 2010, and released this report on the 26th before the UN Conference on Climate Change Countermeasures "COP26".

According to this, in the last year when the infection of the new coronavirus spread, the world's carbon dioxide emissions decreased by 5.4% compared to the previous year, while greenhouse gases containing methane and nitrous oxide, etc. The reduction in overall emissions appears to have been limited.

On top of that, as economic activity resumes in each country, carbon dioxide emissions have increased by 4.8% compared to last year, and total greenhouse gas emissions have been higher than in 2019, the highest ever. It is expected to be at a slightly lower level.

The report states that even if countries meet their reduction targets for 2030 by last month, global average temperatures are expected to rise by at least 2.7 degrees Celsius by the end of this century, raising temperatures before the Industrial Revolution. It is far from achieving the goal of the "Paris Agreement," an international framework that limits the temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius, and we are requesting each country to strengthen its measures.

Experts Complete decarbonization needs to be considered for climate change measures in all policy areas

UNEP = One of the authors of the United Nations Environment Program report, a German think tank senior researcher, Takeshi Kuramochi, said in an interview with NHK that carbon dioxide emissions declined last year, but overall greenhouse gas declines are limited. Regarding what seems to have been the case, "It may be because the lifestyle that emits less carbon dioxide has become established due to the corona disaster, such as the decrease in business trips using airplanes. On the other hand, in addition to the greenhouses used in air conditioners and refrigerators, The large amount of methane emitted from agriculture and livestock was not easily affected by the corona. "

On top of that, Japan has set a goal of reducing domestic greenhouse gas emissions to virtually zero by 2050. There is no concrete action plan on how to actually transform the economic structure and provide financial support. To aim for complete decarbonization, climate change measures are considered in all policy areas. It must be done, "he emphasized that it is necessary to lead global global warming countermeasures based on a concrete implementation plan.