By 2045, Sweden will have no net emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.

The overall goal was adopted in 2017, at the same time as the climate policy framework, and is a goal that all parliamentary parties except the Sweden Democrats have supported.

The first topic for Agenda's climate hearing was transport, a sector that accounts for 32 percent of Sweden's emissions.

The Riksdag has decided that emissions from domestic transport will have decreased by 70 percent by 2030. So far, they have decreased by 20 percent.

Fossil-free cars and charging infrastructure

The Sweden Democrats' climate policy spokesman Martin Kinnunen says that emissions in Sweden should be reduced and that electrification is the way forward - but that the 2030 goal is unrealistic.

- The climate goals should not be about picking as many medals of goodness as possible, it should be about solving the problem, says Kinnunen.

On the point of electrification, he agreed with Jessica Rosencrantz (M), Rickard Nordin (C), and Lorentz Tovatt (MP).

The Green Party wants all new cars sold to be fossil-free from 2025.

- We want to phase out those who are dependent on petrol and diesel and invest in electrification and biogas, says Lorentz Tovatt, climate policy spokesperson, the Green Party.

The Center Party wants all new cars sold to be fossil-free by 2030. The moderate Jessica Rosencrantz, for her part, emphasizes that the party proposes a record-breaking investment throughout the country in, for example, expanded charging infrastructure, so that more people will dare to buy an electric car.

"Not the raise we need"

When it comes to electrification, renewable fuels and reduced transport, Anders Roth, a mobility and transport expert, however, lacked political proposals in all areas.

- The level of ambition may not be the increase that we really need to make to get these 8.5 percent per year.

And when it comes to efficiency, there are a little too many subsidies for the polluter to pay, but things still happen.

The other topic for the evening was industry and the stuff we consume.

In Sunday's climate hearing in Agenda, the parties' climate policy spokespersons are interviewed: MEP Jytte Guteland (S), Jessica Rosencrantz (M), Martin Kinnunen (SD), Rickard Nordin (C), Jens Holm (V), Kjell-Arne Ottosson (KD), Lorentz Tovatt (MP) and Helena Gellerman (L).

The topics covered in the next hour of the hearing are electricity and food.

Javascript is disabled

Javascript must be turned on to play video

Read more about browser support

The browser is not supported

SVT does not support playback in your browser.

We therefore recommend that you switch to another browser.

Read more about browser support

Sweden will reduce its emissions by 85 percent by 2045, and on the way there are a number of intermediate targets.

Photo: SVT

See the entire Agenda Special: The Climate Challenge on SVT Play.