Family education has risen from "family affairs" to "state affairs"


  Interpretation of the Family Education Promotion Law

  □ Our reporter Pu Xiaolei

  Family education is the beginning of education. It is related to the healthy growth of minors and the happiness and tranquility of the family. It is also related to national development, national progress, and social stability.

  On October 23, the 31st meeting of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress passed the Family Education Promotion Law through a vote.

The new law will come into effect on January 1, 2022.

  Guo Linmao, director of the Social Law Office of the Legal Work Committee of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, said in an interview with a reporter from the Rule of Law Daily that the formulation of the Family Education Promotion Law is the implementation of General Secretary Jinping’s important expositions and the party’s central decision-making and deployment of the rule of law. It is a vigorous promotion. The rule of law embodiment of the family virtues of the Chinese nation is a guarantee of the rule of law to promote the healthy growth and all-round development of minors, and a carrier of the rule of law that comprehensively summarizes local legislation and practical experience.

  Guo Linmao said that the highlights of the Family Education Promotion Law can be summed up in two points: to implement General Secretary Jinping’s important exposition on the construction of family education, promote the Chinese nation’s fine tradition of attaching importance to family education, and adopt a series of measures through system design. , To realize the iterative upgrade of family education from a traditional model based on family rules, family instructions, and family letters to a new model that is guided and driven by the rule of law, with core socialist values ​​as the main content, and the fundamental task of establishing morality and morality. Education has risen from the traditional "housework" in the old period to an important "state affairs" in the new era; implement the spirit of the central government's document on reducing the burden of students' homework and extra-school training during the compulsory education stage, and changing the family is only an extension of the student's classroom, and the parents are just school teachers The status of assistants demonstrates the important position and role of family education, liberates family education from the vassal status of school education, and truly realizes the mutual cooperation between school education and family education.

  Parents or other guardians are responsible for implementing family education

  How to define family education is the first question to be answered when formulating the Family Education Promotion Law.

  “Family education can be divided into broad and narrow senses. The broad sense of family education is the mutual education between family members. The Family Education Promotion Law is precise in the healthy growth of minors. It adopts a narrow concept and refers to parents or other guardians’ The cultivation, guidance and influence of moral character, physical fitness, life skills, cultural accomplishment, behavior habits and other aspects implemented by adults." Guo Linmao said.

  The Family Education Promotion Law stipulates that parents or other guardians are responsible for the implementation of family education and bear the main responsibility for the implementation of family education for minors.

  Guo Linmao said that the responsibilities of parents or other guardians include: following the law of minors’ growth and establishing a correct concept of family education; they should cooperate closely with primary and secondary schools, kindergarten infant care service agencies, and communities, and actively participate in family education guidance and practical activities. ; Parents separated or divorced should cooperate with each other in fulfilling their family education responsibilities, and neither party should refuse or slack in fulfilling them; entrusting others to take care of minors in accordance with the law should regularly understand the minor’s study, living conditions and psychological conditions, and share with the entrusted person Perform family education responsibilities; reasonably arrange time for study, rest, entertainment and physical exercise for minors.

  There are many kinds of content and methods of family education, which content and which method is correct?

In this regard, the Family Education Promotion Law has made several guiding provisions.

  The content of family education mainly includes: cultivating the sense of community of the Chinese nation and the feelings of family and country; cultivating good social ethics, family virtues and personal ethics; cultivating scientific exploration and innovation consciousness; cultivating good study habits and behavior habits; cultivating self-protection awareness And ability; cultivate the concept of loving labor, etc.

  The methods of family education mainly include: strengthening parent-child companionship, giving full play to the roles of both parents, precepts and deeds, respecting differences, and equal exchanges.

  The state does not intervene excessively but must have certain support measures

  Family education becomes a national matter through legislation, and a set of working mechanisms needs to be established to promote it.

  In this regard, the Family Education Promotion Law provides that: people’s governments at all levels guide family education work; women and children’s work agencies of people’s governments at or above the county level organize, coordinate, guide, and urge relevant departments to do a good job in family education; education administrative departments, women’s federations Undertake the daily affairs of family education according to the division of responsibilities; the spiritual civilization construction department, public security, civil affairs and other relevant departments do a good job in family education within their respective responsibilities.

Judicial organs, mass organizations, and grassroots self-government organizations support family education in conjunction with their own work.

  The main responsibility of family education lies in the family. The state does not interfere excessively, but certain support measures are needed.

In this regard, the Family Education Promotion Law provides for six aspects:

  People's governments at or above the county level formulate special plans for family education work, incorporate family education guidance services into the urban and rural public service system and the catalog of government purchased services, and include relevant funds in the fiscal budget.

  The State Council organizes relevant departments to formulate a national family education guidance program, and the provincial people’s government or city-level people’s government where conditions permit organizes relevant departments to compile family education guidance textbooks and formulate corresponding family education work norms.

  The people’s government at or above the provincial level shall coordinate the construction of a shared service platform for family education information, and the people’s government at or above the county level shall determine the family education guidance agency, organize the establishment of a professional team of family education guidance services, carry out family education services, and provide families with certain difficulties in family education , Especially for families with left-behind minors and minors in distress, providing targeted family education services.

  The marriage registration agencies, adoption registration agencies, child welfare agencies, and minor rescue and protection agencies of the civil affairs departments provide family education and guidance in conjunction with their own work.

  State agencies, enterprises and institutions, group organizations, and social organizations incorporate family style construction into unit cultural construction, and support employees to participate in family education activities.

  Encourage institutions of higher learning to set up family education courses, train family education professionals, support natural persons, legal persons, and unincorporated organizations to donate or provide voluntary services for family education. Non-profit family education service institutions may be established in accordance with the law to provide education for families Organizations and individuals that have made outstanding contributions in their work will be rewarded according to regulations.

  School and family cooperation is the key to good family education

  The cooperation between school and family is the key to good family education, and the assistance of other social forces is the guarantee for better results of family education.

  In this regard, the Family Education Promotion Law stipulates "school cooperation": primary and secondary schools and kindergartens should incorporate family education guidance services into their work plans and teacher professional training; primary and secondary schools and kindergartens can establish parent schools and organize non-profit family education guidance Services and practical activities: Elementary and middle schools should stop discipline in a timely manner if they find minor students in violation of school discipline and school rules, inform their parents or other guardians, and provide parents or other guardians with targeted family education and guidance services.

  At the same time, the Family Education Promotion Law also makes clear provisions on “social forces assistance”: Residents’ committees and villagers’ committees can set up community parent schools or family education guidance service sites; The work of publicizing family education knowledge, providing family education guidance services; public cultural service agencies such as libraries and cultural centers, and news media such as radio and television, disseminating scientific family education concepts, and promoting family education services and practical activities.

  It is worth noting that, in order to give play to the role models of state agencies and state employees, the Family Education Promotion Law stipulates that state agencies and state employees take the lead in doing family education work.

  "The Family Education Promotion Law specifically stipulates that state personnel should take the lead in establishing a good family style and fulfill their responsibility for family education. State agencies, enterprises and institutions, group organizations, and social organizations should incorporate family style construction into the unit’s cultural construction and support employees’ participation Related family education service activities." Guo Linmao said.

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