In the midst of the dispute over the results of the Iraqi parliamentary elections that were held on the tenth of October, there is talk about the names of the personalities offered to fill the three presidential positions in the country.

According to the political quota in the country adopted since 2005, the position of prime minister is for the Shiite component, the presidency for the Kurdish component, and the presidency for the parliament for the Sunni component.

Several Shiite lists are competing for the position of prime minister through an alliance with other lists to ensure the approval of 165 deputies in the new parliament to nominate their candidate for prime minister.

Although there are no clear candidates so far, there is a circulation of several names within the Shiite house of the prime minister, most notably the former Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, the current Governor of Basra Asaad al-Eidani, the former Minister Muhammad Shia al-Sudani, the former governor of Najaf, Adnan al-Zarfi, and Hassan al-Kaabi, the deputy speaker of the House of Representatives. The former Iraqi ambassador to London, Jaafar al-Sadr, and former minister Nassar al-Rubaie, along with the current Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kazemi.

As for the Kurdish House, the names were limited to the current President of the Republic, Barham Salih of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, the current Foreign Minister Fouad Hussein, and the former Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari, in addition to the current President of the Kurdistan Region, Nechirvan Barzani of the Kurdistan Democratic Party.

And by moving to the Sunni house, no competitor has been presented so far to the dissolved parliament speaker, Muhammad al-Halbousi, who is the most likely candidate to occupy the same position for a second term, given that his bloc ranked first in the number of seats among the Sunni blocs.

Al-Lami believes that the person most likely to occupy the prime ministership inside the Sadrist House is Jaafar al-Sadr (Al-Jazeera Net)

thoracic filter

The Sadrist movement led by Muqtada al-Sadr - which came first with 73 seats in parliament (according to preliminary results) out of 329 in the last elections - seeks to form the most numerous parliamentary bloc to form the new government, but no agreement has been reached so far on a specific figure to head the government because This needs consensus within the Shiite house.

However, the former representative of the Saeroon Alliance in the House of Representatives, Ali al-Lami, confirms that the best and most fortunate person in the current stage to fill the prime ministership within the Sadrist House is Jaafar al-Sadr in the event that there is consensus from the Shiite blocs.

Chihod indicated that the State of Law coalition seeks to form the most numerous parliamentary bloc that will choose the next prime minister (Al Jazeera Net)

Maliki's fortunes

The winning deputy in the recent elections, Muhammad al-Sihoud from the State of Law coalition (he won 34 seats), does not hide the great chances of former Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to be the candidate of the forces affiliated with the factions and the popular mobilization affiliated with what has come to be called the “coordinating framework” as he seeks to form the parliamentary bloc The most numerous and announced soon to form a new government.

However, Chihod believes - in his speech to Al-Jazeera Net - that it is too early to talk about the personality of the next prime minister.

He asserts that the most important thing at this stage is the formation of the most numerous parliamentary bloc, which Maliki's State of Law coalition seeks.

Surji: There was a previous agreement between the Kurdish Democratic Union Party and the Democratic Party on the presidency of the region and the presidency of Iraq (Al-Jazeera Net)

Kurdish-Kurdish conflict

Kurds, the struggle between the two major Kurdish parties in Iraq - the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and the Kurdistan Democratic Party - over the presidency.

Nasrallah Surji - a member of the leadership council of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (it was announced that it won 16 seats in the last elections) - praised his party's role in preserving the political process in Iraq through its presence in the presidency.

He says that the most prominent task of his party in Baghdad is to secure the rights of the people of Kurdistan from the budget and salaries of employees and the application of Article 140 of the disputed areas in the main.

As for the distribution of positions - especially the sovereign ones - it depends on the nature of the political consensus between the Kurdish parties in the region, especially the two major parties.

Surji adds - to Al Jazeera Net - that there has been a political agreement signed between his party and the Democratic Party since 2005 that includes the presidency of the region from the Democratic share, and the Presidency of the Republic from the share of the Union Party, explaining that if the Democratic Party wants to obtain the position of the Presidency of the Republic, it must give up the position Territory Presidency.

Salam considered that the Kurdistan Democratic Party won the highest votes among the Kurdish parties, which qualifies him to nominate a president for Iraq (Al-Jazeera Net)

As for the prominent member of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, Repin Salam, he believes that his party's obtaining the presidency of the republic is not followed by his relinquishing the presidency of the region, noting that his party won 33 seats in the recent elections.

Salam added to Al Jazeera Net that his party passed the presidency of the republic for the Patriotic Union in 2018 so that the Kurds would not lose this entitlement, but the equation will be different this time after relinquishing many positions and seats since Kurdistan enjoyed autonomy in 1991, and indicates that the distribution of positions will be according to grades. Each party obtains a number of parliamentary seats.

It is noteworthy that the National Union Party won the position of the Presidency of the Republic during 3 consecutive terms, but in the previous session the ranks split among the Kurds and they had two candidates;

They are Barham Salih of the Patriotic Kurdistan Region, and Fouad Hussein of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, but the Iraqi parliament chose Barham Salih and became President of the Republic of Iraq.

Qadir considered that the post of the presidency of Iraq must come out with an agreement between the Kurds (Al Jazeera Net)

Political analyst Goran Qader considered that Saleh's selection for a second term depends on two things, the first is the agreement of the Kurds among themselves, and the second is contingent on the work of his party, the National Union and an agreement with the Iraqi parties in Parliament to give their confidence in the party's candidate.

Qadir adds - in an interview with Al Jazeera Net - that if the position goes to the Democratic Party, expectations will in the first place go to choosing him from the Barzani family, and the closest to that is Nechirvan Barzani.

Al-Mashhadani considered that Al-Halbousi is the only candidate of the "Progress" coalition to occupy the position of parliament speaker (Al-Jazeera Net)

Al-Halbousi and the Presidency of Parliament

Dr. Saud al-Mashhadani - a prominent leader in the "Progress" coalition led by al-Halbousi - cuts off doubt by confirming that the latter is their only candidate to occupy one of the republican presidencies or parliament.

He acknowledges that his alliance will obtain one of them as an entitlement, despite the fact that there are some differences from political parties over the election results.

As for political analyst Ali Al-Baydar, he believes that Al-Halbousi can be reinstated to the presidency of the parliament, but this requires that the Taqaddam coalition (38 seats) he leads be kept coherent, thus ensuring greater representation within the Sunni component.

But Al-Baydar does not rule out - in his speech to Al-Jazeera Net - that there will be a "veto" on Al-Halbousi's assumption of the second term by his opponents who rejected the recent election law;

Especially the section on distributing the electoral districts, which weakened their fortunes and strengthened the fortunes of al-Halbousi.

Regarding the possibility that the positions of the Presidency of the Republic and the Presidency of Parliament will be exchanged between Sunnis and Kurds, Al-Baydar ruled out the Kurds' relinquishment of the Presidency of the Republic, noting that the Presidency of the Parliament is a joint responsibility and a collective decision.

Al-Faili tends to be the next president of Iraq from the Kurdistan Democratic Party (Al-Jazeera Net)

The luckiest

Dr. Essam Al-Faili, professor of political science at Al-Mustansiriya University, resolves the controversy over the presidency of Parliament and acknowledges that it is almost settled for Al-Halbousi.

As for the presidency, there is a path of controversy between the two major parties in Kurdistan, both of which seek to impose their candidate, but it indicates that the Kurdistan Democratic Party candidate is more fortunate, because the party obtained the most seats in parliament among the Kurdish parties in the recent elections, in addition to the existence of a wide space for exchanging positions within Kurdish house.

Al-Fili - in his speech to Al-Jazeera Net - believes that Hoshyar Zebari, Fouad Hussein and Nechirvan Barzani are the most likely candidates for the presidency of the republic for the Democrat.

As for the prime ministership, he refers to Al-Kazemi and Jaafar Al-Sadr, in addition to Nassar Al-Rubaie and the winning deputy, Hakim Al-Zamili, with the possibility that there will be a woman, the former MP Magda Al-Tamimi, to fill the position.

Keywords: elections, jaafar al-sadr, nuri al-maliki, bloc, personalities, talk, names, results, midst, tenth, dispute, presidency, nechirvan barzani, presidencies, basra asaad al-eidani