Current Affairs News Eyes丨Xi Jinping went to Shandong for inspection, why the first stop came to the mouth of the Yellow River

  On October 20th, General Secretary Xi Jinping opened the 11th domestic inspection this year.

On the same day, he came to Dongying City, Shandong Province to inspect the Yellow River estuary.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, from the upper reaches, middle reaches to the lower reaches of the Yellow River, the general secretary has frequently arrived, thinking from a historical perspective, and planning from the overall situation of the times.

Along the way, I care about the Yellow River, know the Yellow River, and manage the Yellow River.

  What did the general secretary see when I arrived at the mouth of the Yellow River this time?

What are you paying attention to?

What was declared?

△Schematic diagram of the inspection site on October 20

A visit to the Yellow River at the mouth of the sea

  In the daytime, the Yellow River flows into the sea.

  More than 1,200 years ago, Wang Zhihuan, a poet of the Tang Dynasty, boarded the Stork Tower in Yongji, Shanxi, and wrote an immortal poem.

The surging water of the Yellow River that he looked at back then now flows into the Bohai Sea in Dongying, Shandong.

△The mouth of the Yellow River is located at the confluence of Bohai Sea and Laizhou Bay.

(Photo by Pan Yi, reporter from Central Broadcasting Corporation, and Li Jin, reporter from Guoguang)

  On October 20 this year, General Secretary Xi Jinping came to the dock at the mouth of the Yellow River to observe the water conditions of the Yellow River.

  In the history of the Yellow River, two breaches in three years and one change in a hundred years.

According to statistics, during the 2500 years from the pre-Qin period to the liberation period, the lower Yellow River overflowed more than 1,500 times and changed its route 26 times.

  In 1855, the Yellow River broke near Dongbatou, Lankao County, Henan, and captured the Daqing River into the Bohai Sea.

Seven years ago, in March 2014, Xi Jinping visited the Lankao East Batou section of the Yellow River to learn about the flood control and the production and living conditions of the people in the floodplains of the Yellow River.

  In May 1976, the Yellow River was diverted to Qingshuigou, forming the current flow path into the sea.

△Overlooking the mouth of the sea, the majestic Yellow River merges with the blue sea.

(Photo by CCTV reporter Cheng Cheng)

  Less water and more sand and the uncoordinated relationship between water and sand are the crux of the Yellow River's complexity and treatment.

In September 2019, at a symposium on ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin, Xi Jinping once described the hidden dangers of the Yellow River as "like a sword hanging over his head."

  To make the Yellow River calm down, we must firmly grasp the relationship between water and sand to adjust this "niubi".

In recent years, Dongying City has implemented comprehensive improvement projects for river courses and beach areas to effectively slow down the siltation of the lower Yellow River and gradually build a solid line of defense.

  The Yellow River is peaceful, and the world is peaceful.

△The tugboat used for marine rescue drove into the "convergence of river and sea".

(Photographed by CCTV reporter Zhang Yu)

Ecological Monitoring Center: An important "sample" of biodiversity

  Thanks to the slowing of the river channel and sediment deposition at the mouth of the sea, the modern Yellow River Delta gradually formed.

This is called the youngest land in the Republic.

△In the figure, the light yellow area is the modern Yellow River Delta, with an area of ​​about 2,400 square kilometers; the green area is the Yellow River Delta National Nature Reserve, with an area of ​​1,530 square kilometers.

(Provided by Lu Xinyu, CCTV reporter, Central Station)

  "The lower Yellow River Delta is the most complete wetland ecosystem in China's warm temperate zone. It is necessary to do a good job of protection, promote the health of the river ecosystem, and increase biodiversity."

  At the symposium two years ago, the general secretary set clear goals for ecological protection in the Yellow River Delta.

△Yellow River Delta Ecological Monitoring Center Building.

(Photographed by CCTV reporter Wang Pengfei)

  On October 20 this year, Xi Jinping came to the Yellow River Delta Ecological Monitoring Center to learn about the situation on the spot.

  During an investigation at the Qinghai Provincial Ecological Environment Monitoring Center five years ago, the general secretary used remote video to observe the real-time monitoring situation at the source of the Yellow River, such as Eling Lake and Zhaling Lake.

At that time, he proposed that the protection of the ecological environment must first understand the status of the family, grasp the dynamics, and do a good job in the basic work of building an ecological environment monitoring network.

△The large screen of the monitoring center is showing the aquatic life sites in the Yellow River Delta, including spawning grounds, feeding grounds, and wintering grounds.

(Photo by CCTV reporter Peng Hanming)

  The Yellow River Delta is an important post for bird migration.

More than 6 million birds travel north and south every year, and it is vividly called the "Bird International Airport" by bird experts at home and abroad.

  It is understood that the number of bird species in the Yellow River Delta has increased from 187 in 1992 to 371 species, among which there are 25 and 65 species of national first-level and second-level protected birds, respectively.

Since March last year, flamingos, white pelicans, and spoon-billed sandpipers have been spotted here for the first time.

△The Yellow River Delta is the world's largest breeding ground for Oriental White Storks.

(Data map)

  In the Yellow River Delta Ecological Monitoring Center, rare and endangered birds have become the focus of monitoring.

  Liu Jing, director of the Ecological Monitoring Center, told "Current Affairs News Eye" that the center is cooperating to study the population size, distribution location, and activity behavior of national key protected species, such as red-crowned cranes and oriental white stork. Make a comprehensive observation.

△ Liu Jing, director of the Yellow River Delta Ecological Monitoring Center.

(Photo by CCTV reporter Peng Hanming)

  Just a few days before this visit to the Yellow River Delta, Xi Jinping had just delivered a keynote speech at the 15th Summit of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

This conference promoted the formulation of the "Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework" to set goals and clear paths for future global biodiversity conservation.

  To promote biodiversity conservation, China has always been an actionist.

△Li Jian is a bird trainer in the Yellow River Delta National Nature Reserve.

(Photo by CCTV reporter Cheng Cheng)

Protecting the "Kidney of the Earth" Let the wetland become a protected highland

  In the keynote speech a few days ago, Xi Jinping emphasized that in order to strengthen the protection of biodiversity, China is accelerating the construction of a natural reserve system with national parks as the main body. The areas with the best and richest biodiversity are included in the national park system.

△"Birds International Airport" is a vivid interpretation of the Yellow River Delta.

(Data map)

  On the 20th, Xi Jinping came to the Yellow River Delta National Nature Reserve to observe the wetland ecological environment here.

  The Yellow River Delta National Nature Reserve was established in October 1992, covering an area of ​​1,530 square kilometers.

Like rare and endangered birds, the Yellow River Estuary wetland ecosystem is also the main body of protection in this reserve.

△On the Yellow River Delta that day, reed flowers were swaying and migratory birds flocked.

(Photo by CCTV reporter Peng Hanming and Guoguang reporter Li Jin)

  The "Outline of the Yellow River Basin Ecological Protection and High-Quality Development Plan" issued recently has devoted a section to emphasize the protection and restoration of the Yellow River Delta wetlands.

It is clearly stated in the outline that the Yellow River Delta wetland protection and restoration plan shall be studied and compiled, and the construction of the Yellow River Mouth National Park shall be planned.

△The setting sun sprinkles on the reed flowers, soft and quiet.

(Photo by CCTV reporters Li Wei and Peng Hanming)

  At present, the Yellow River Delta has restored a total of 188 square kilometers of wetland, returning farmland to wetland, and returning farmland to beaches of 72,500 mu.

Since 2017, the local water quality has remained stable at Class II.

△ Comparison of ecological restoration of the Yellow River Mouth River Marsh Wetland (left) and Salt Marsh Wetland (right).

(Provided by Lu Xinyu, CCTV reporter, Central Station)

  In June of this year, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized during an inspection of Qinghai at the source of the Yellow River that it is necessary to implement the national ecological strategy, sum up the experience of piloting the Sanjiangyuan and other national park systems, and accelerate the establishment of various types of national parks based on national parks and nature reserves. Natural parks are a supplementary system of nature reserves.

  With the attention and promotion of the General Secretary, the ecological protection of the Yellow River Delta opened a new chapter.

The general secretary draws this major national strategy

  During this visit to the Yellow River Estuary, the General Secretary came with far-reaching thinking.

  The Yellow River is the mother river of the Chinese nation.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the general secretary has traveled to the 9 provinces and regions that the Yellow River flows through, and has repeatedly put forward requirements for the construction of ecological protection in key areas such as the source of the Three Rivers, Qilian Mountains, and Qinling Mountains.

In less than a year from August 2019 to June 2020, he surveyed the Yellow River 4 times.

  The chapter on Huang Zhizhi is constantly updated.

△The Yellow River enters the sea.

(Photo by CCTV reporter Ma Chao)

  The depth of love is far-reaching.

  Two years ago, in Zhengzhou, Henan, General Secretary Xi Jinping solemnly declared that ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin are major national strategies.

  Protection and development are the two key words of this major national strategy.

  The "Outline of the Yellow River Basin Ecological Protection and High-quality Development Plan" issued not long ago clearly pointed out that the biggest contradiction in the Yellow River Basin is the shortage of water resources, the biggest problem is ecological fragility, the biggest threat is floods, and the biggest shortcoming is high-quality development. Insufficiency, the biggest weakness is the insufficient development of people's livelihood.

△Pei Mingsheng, director of the Yellow River Estuary Administration Bureau, is introducing the construction of flood control facilities in the Yellow River Delta.

(Photo by CCTV reporter Han Rui)

  To manage the Yellow River, the emphasis is on protection and governance.

General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out the direction for ecological protection of the Yellow River.

He emphasized that the Yellow River ecosystem is an organic whole, and the differences between the upper, middle and lower reaches must be fully considered.

  Overall planning for the protection and management of the upper, middle and lower reaches has become a clear guide. The upstream strengthens the construction of water conservation capacity, the middle reaches strengthen soil and water conservation, and the downstream promotes wetland protection and ecological management.

The recently issued "Outline of the Yellow River Basin Ecological Protection and High-quality Development Plan" proposes to build a "one belt, five districts and multiple points" spatial layout for ecological protection in the Yellow River Basin.

△ Migratory birds swept across the surface of the Yellow River.

(Photographed by Li Jin, a reporter from China Broadcasting Corporation)

  Another strategic focus is to promote the high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin.

Xi Jinping’s advice for this: “All regions along the Yellow River must proceed from reality, where water is suitable for water, mountains are for mountains, grain is suitable for grain, agriculture is suitable for agriculture, industry is suitable for work, and business is suitable for business. Actively explore rich regional characteristics. The new way of high-quality development."

  The recently issued outline proposes to establish a development momentum pattern of "one axis, two regions and five poles" in the Yellow River Basin.

  In March of this year, when General Secretary Xi Jinping participated in the deliberation of the Qinghai delegation, he focused on explaining the dialectical relationship between protection and development: to promote the adherence to ecological priority, promote high-quality development, and create an organic combination of high-quality life that complements each other.

  Talking about protection and development at the source of the Yellow River is quite meaningful.

  This time I went to the Yellow River estuary for a field trip, always keeping my mind in mind.

  Producer丨Shen Yong Gong Xuehui

  Chief Author丨Yu Zhenyi

  Reporter丨Peng Hanming, Pan Yi, Zhang Yu, Yang Lifeng, Cheng Cheng, Lu Xinyu

  Vision丨Chen Kuo Zhang Jing Qi Huan

Keywords: xi jinping, yellow river, inspection, mouth, estuary, cctv, secretary, li jin, protection, cheng cheng, peng hanming, yellow river delta, stop, wang zhihuan, water