China News Service, Beijing, September 16 (Reporter Yan Xiaohong) The reporter learned on the 16th that the Chinese ophthalmology institution Aier Ophthalmology has recently released a new technology for the treatment of glaucoma with "no knife, minimally invasive and precise blood pressure reduction". This move marks the beginning of no knife for glaucoma treatment. The minimally invasive stage also means that in the future, it will be able to provide diagnosis and treatment for more grassroots glaucoma patients, shortening the distance between the medical level of the higher-level hospitals and the grassroots patients.
Glaucoma is the second most common blind eye disease in the world, and it is also the first irreversible blindness disease. Its pathogenesis is complex and diverse. Due to the difficulty of glaucoma surgery and the uneven distribution of expert resources, glaucoma in remote areas and grassroots The patient is unable to receive effective treatment, leading to serious disease progression and even blindness.
According to the "Guidelines for Chinese Glaucoma (2020)" issued by the Ophthalmology Branch of the Chinese Medical Association, the number of patients with primary glaucoma in the world will exceed 76 million in 2020, and my country will reach 21 million, of which the prevalence rate for people over 40 years old is 3.05%. .
Many glaucoma patients develop to the middle and late stages before discovering their own problems. At this time, the optic nerve has been severely damaged and eventually missed the best period of treatment.
Therefore, early detection, timely treatment, regular check-ups, and lifelong follow-up are effective prevention and treatment strategies for glaucoma.
Professor Shen Jiaquan, a member of the Glaucoma Group of the Ophthalmology Branch of the Chinese Medical Association and a member of the Glaucoma Specialty Committee of the Chinese Ophthalmologists Association, said that the treatment principle of glaucoma is to reduce the intraocular pressure of patients. The main methods of treating glaucoma in my country include drugs, lasers and surgical treatment.
Glaucoma blindness is a chronic process. Early detection, active treatment and regular follow-up can effectively delay its development. Most patients can maintain a certain visual function for life.
Professor Duan Xuanchu, a member of the Blindness Prevention Group of the Ophthalmology Branch of the Chinese Medical Association, pointed out that currently in the treatment of glaucoma, a single operation has narrow indications and is difficult to apply to a wide range of patient populations.
Due to the large gap in domestic primary medical services, the difficulty of glaucoma surgery and the uneven distribution of expert resources, in order to alleviate this problem, the Chinese ophthalmology institution has introduced this "no knife, minimally invasive" glaucoma treatment new technology-ultrasound Compared with traditional treatment methods, intraocular pressure reduction surgery is considered to have less damage and higher safety while ensuring the efficacy. It has been widely used in Europe.