When General Secretary Xi Jinping visited Shaanxi in April last year, he warned party committees and leading cadres at all levels: We must consciously talk about politics, and we must have a good idea of ​​the country's great leaders.

After more than a year, on the 13th of this month, the general secretary went to Shaanxi again for inspection.

Through the first day's itinerary, we can see his ardent concern and understand what is the "big man of the country".

△Schematic diagram of the inspection site on September 13

First stop to see coal chemical projects:

Clear direction for green development

  On the morning of the 13th, Xi Jinping came to the National Energy Group Yulin Chemical Co., Ltd. to learn about the construction of the circular economy coal comprehensive utilization project.

  This project is the largest single coal chemical project approved by the National Development and Reform Commission during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, with a total investment of more than 120 billion yuan.

△Overlooking Guoneng Yulin Chemical Co., Ltd., there are many pipe corridors and tower tanks.

(Photographed by Headquarters reporter Bai Longfei)

  What is coal chemical industry?

Simply put, it is a process in which coal is used as a raw material and chemically processed to convert coal into gas, liquid and solid fuels and chemicals.

  Project leader Zhang Xiansong said that Yulin Chemical has realized a complete industrial chain from coal to methanol, to polyolefin and various chemical products.

△Yulin Chemical's ethylene glycol project with an annual output of 400,000 tons.

(Photographed by CCTV reporter Xu Yongsong)

△ Zhang Xiansong, Yulin Chemical Industry.

(Photographed by CCTV reporter Xu Yongsong)

  The whole process, if described by color change, is "turning black into white"; if evaluated by the final result, it is "low carbon and environmental protection", because "degradable materials" were born in the industry chain.

  Zhang Xiansong showed Yulin Chemical's innovative transformation products to "Current Affairs News Eye": absorbable sutures and bone stents made of medical biodegradable materials, and biodegradable disposable plastic products that can reduce white pollution.······

△Absorbable sutures, bone stents, etc. displayed on site.

(Photographed by CCTV reporter Yao Yao)

  Behind the "turning black into white" is the green development and circular economy that the general secretary attaches great importance to.

  On April 30 this year, when he presided over the 29th collective study of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee, he said that it is necessary to seize the source of resource utilization, promote total resource management, scientific allocation, comprehensive conservation and recycling, and comprehensively improve resource utilization efficiency.

△Fully biodegradable plastic bag.

(Photo by CCTV reporter Li Hui)

  Why does the general secretary value green development and circular economy?

An important reason is that the current pressure for my country's production and living system to transition to a green and low-carbon system is very high. It is extremely difficult to achieve the peak of carbon emissions by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060.

  The promise has already been made.

On April 17 this year, Xi Jinping reiterated in a video summit with French and German leaders that Chinese dialects must be done, and actions must be fruitful. We will incorporate carbon peaking and carbon neutrality into the overall layout of ecological civilization construction, and fully implement a green and low-carbon cycle. economic development.

△Control room of Yulin Chemical Center.

(Photo by CCTV reporter Ma Chao)

  Five years ago, in July 2016, Xi Jinping inspected the coal-to-liquid project with the largest monomer scale in the world at the Ningdong Energy and Chemical Base.

He emphasized at the time, "Socialism is done!"

  In this trip to northern Shaanxi, the general secretary's first stop to see the comprehensive coal utilization project is also announcing that we must adhere to the concept of green development and build a beautiful China in which man and nature live in harmony.

△Yulin Chemical Industry.

(Photo by CCTV reporter Huang Jinghui)

Love the Loess Plateau:

Sustainable Development Plan

  The prosperity of ecology leads to the prosperity of civilization, and the decline of ecology leads to the decline of civilization.

  In May 2018, General Secretary Xi Jinping gave an example at the National Ecological Environment Protection Conference: “The Hexi Corridor and the Loess Plateau were once rich in water and grass. Due to the destruction of forests and land reclamation and deforestation, the ecological environment was severely damaged and aggravated. Economic decline."

  The supreme leader who came out of the Loess Plateau has always been concerned about the plan for sustainable development.

  On the 13th, Xi Jinping visited Gaoxigou Village, Yinzhou Street, Mizhi County, and paid attention to the promotion of soil erosion control.

△At sunrise, sky light illuminates Gaoxigou Village, and yellow and green are intertwined.

(Photographed by Li Jin, a reporter from China Broadcasting Corporation)

  Gaoxigou is located 20 kilometers north of Mizhi County and is a typical hilly and gully area on the Loess Plateau.

  Beginning in the 1950s, the villagers, after several generations of hard work, promoted the formation of a "three-two-one" model, that is, three forest land, two grassland, and one farmland.

Gaoxigou has been transformed from a bald mountain ditch with water and soil erosion into a "good south of the Yangtze River" with beautiful mountains and clear waters.

△The forest and grass coverage rate in Gaoxigou Village has reached 70%.

(Photographed by Li Jin, a reporter from China Broadcasting Corporation)

  Gaoxigou Village insists on returning farmland to forests and grasses, and has also developed industries such as millet, apples, and aquaculture.

  Millet is the millet after peeling.

The Mizhi County, where Gaoxigou Village is located, is named after "the land has rice-zhi water, fertile soil is suitable for millet, and the rice juice is as fat as fat". It is the hometown of green ecological millet in China.

Mizhi has the climatic characteristics of seasonal temperature difference and large temperature difference between day and night, so it is suitable for planting millet and other miscellaneous crops.

In more than a month, here will usher in the harvest season of millet.

△The ears before maturity are yellow-green in appearance.

(Photo by Duan Dewen, CCTV reporter)

  Xi Jinping is well versed in the governance of the Loess Plateau.

On September 18, 2019, he said at the symposium on ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin, “Soil and water conservation is not simply digging a few holes to plant a few trees. The rainfall in the Loess Plateau is low. Can you plant trees? Appropriate, you have to figure it out before doing it."

△Mountain apples are called "Golden Fruits" by local villagers to get rich.

(Photographed by Li Jin, a reporter from China Broadcasting Corporation)

  Xi Jinping also attaches great importance to the far-reaching impact of Shaanxi's ecology.

In April last year, his first stop in Shaanxi was to climb the Qinling Mountains.

The general secretary emphasized that the Qinling Mountains are the central water tower of our country, and they are the ancestral line of the Chinese nation and an important symbol of Chinese culture.

  It was above the Qinling Mountains that the General Secretary warned: To be a good Qinling ecological guardian, you must not repeat the same mistakes, and must not leave a reputation in history.

It is necessary to consciously talk about politics, and to be aware of the big ones in the country, "can't just stay on the slogan."

△ Jiang Liangbiao, secretary of the party branch of Gaoxigou Village, was named "National Excellent Party Worker" in June this year.

(Photo by CCTV reporter Peng Hanming)

  In response to the problem of restoration and improvement of the ecological environment, Xi Jinping pointed out when presiding over the 29th collective study of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee on April 30 this year that it is necessary to promote the integrated protection and restoration of mountains, waters, forests, fields, lakes, grasses and sand, and to establish and improve the value of ecological products. The mechanism is to scientifically advance the comprehensive management of desertification, rocky desertification, and soil erosion.

  The Gaoxigou Village visited by the General Secretary this time has embarked on a path of coordinated ecological and economic development, and also provided a mirror for the ecological protection of the Loess Plateau.

△Gaoxigou villagers are weeding in the millet field.

(Photographed by Li Jin, a reporter from China Broadcasting Corporation)

Yangjiagou Revolutionary Site:

Insight into the general trend of the times and grasp the historical initiative

  This year is the 100th anniversary of the founding of the party, and Shaanxi is an old revolutionary base.

Here and now, learning from the past and knowing the coming.

  On the first day of the Shaanxi inspection, Xi Jinping also came to the former revolutionary site of Yangjiagou, 23 kilometers southeast of Mizhi County.

This old site was once the foothold of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China when it moved to northern Shaanxi.

It has a typical cave dwelling style in northern Shaanxi and is located on the Loess Plateau.

△Overlooking Yangjiagou Village.

(Photographed by CCTV reporter Li Wei)

  On November 22, 1947, Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, and Ren Bishi led the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China to Yangjiagou Village, where they fought and lived for about 120 days.

On March 21, 1948, they left Yangjiagou and crossed the Yellow River east to Xibaipo, Hebei.

△The former site of the "December Meeting" of the CPC Central Committee.

(Photographed by CCTV reporter Xu Yongsong)

  Walking into the former revolutionary site, you can see the former residences of Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai, as well as the former site of the "December Conference" of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.

It was here that the Communist Party of China ushered in a historical turning point from moving to northern Shaanxi to seizing national victory.

  When a major historical turning point came, Mao Zedong predicted the revolutionary situation and formulated correct countermeasures. He wrote the famous "Current Situation and Our Tasks" in Yangjiagou, expounding the political, economic program and military principles of our party to win the country. .

△The scene of Comrade Mao Zedong's former residence is restored.

(Photo by CCTV reporter Lu Xinyu)

△The cultural relic "Current Situation and Our Tasks" displayed in the middle of the old house.

(Photo by Liu Huimin, a reporter from Central Broadcasting Corporation)

  The significance of history is that it tells us where we came from, where we are now, and where we should go.

History allows us to understand the inner logic of success through the experience of our predecessors, and obtain new thinking and progress.

  Thinking back more than seventy years ago, the older generation of proletarian revolutionaries in the ravines, holding up a telescope in the depths of history, looked at the "mast" of revolutionary victory, foreseeing that a historical turning point was about to come, and mastered the capture. The "weapon" of ultimate victory.

△The "December Meeting" scene is restored, and the pictures on the wall are reproduced from the oil painting "The December Meeting of the Party" created by the painter Jin Shangyi in 1977.

(Photo by Liu Huimin, CCTV reporter, Xu Yongsong, CCTV reporter)

  "To save the past, to test the past, to participate in the ordinary, but to decide." Today's Chinese Communists should also use history as a mirror, insight into the general trend of the times, grasp the historical initiative, carry out arduous exploration, and create a generation that belongs to ours. Human historical cause.

The dawn is ahead, we should work hard!

  Producer丨Shen Yong Gong Xuehui

  Chief Author丨Ruilin Liu and Zhenyi Yu

  Reporter丨 Zhang Xiaopeng Xu Yongsong Wang Pengfei Yao Yao Peng Hanming Duan Dewen Li Wei

  Vision丨Chen Kuo Zhang Jing Qi Huan

  Editor丨Wang Jiyang Yu Mingli