China News Service, Hohhot, September 1st, title: Inner Mongolia multi-departmental efforts to build an important ecological security barrier in northern China
China News Service reporter Li Aiping
At the level of building an important ecological security barrier in northern China, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Forestry and Grassland Bureau, Natural Resources Department, Ecological Environment Department, Water Resources Department, Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Department and other departments are working together to advance.
A day ago, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region officially released the relevant content of the "Plan for Building an Important Ecological Security Barrier in Northern my country (2020-2035)" (referred to as the "Barrier Plan").
Qiao Yun, the first-level inspector of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Forestry and Grassland Bureau, said that the construction goals of the "Barrier Plan" are divided into two phased goals, 2025 and 2035.
According to reports, the overall goal of the "Barrier Plan" is to build Inner Mongolia into a comprehensive experimental zone for ecological system protection and restoration, a zone for guaranteeing ecological services and product supply, a zone for industrial upgrading and green development and innovation, and "green water and green mountains are the golden mountains and silver "Mountain" theory practice area.
"The "Barrier Plan" has set a total of 17 indicators, including 11 binding indicators such as the amount of forest land, basic grassland area, wetland area, and ecological restoration area, all of which are closely related to ecological construction and reflect the content of ecological security barriers. ." said Zhao Hongfeng, the second-level inspector of the Natural Resources Department of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Inner Mongolia will strictly maintain the bottom line of natural ecological security.
Information from the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region government shows that Inner Mongolia will delineate an ecological protection red line of 596,900 square kilometers, accounting for 50.46% of the country's land area, including more than half of the forests, grasslands, and wetlands in Inner Mongolia.
At the same time, we will strictly observe the red line of permanent basic farmland protection and the boundaries of urban development, effectively guarantee food security, and promote concentrated urbanization and green development.
In constructing an important ecological safety barrier in northern China, Zhang Shuli, the second-level inspector of the Inner Mongolia Department of Ecology and Environment, said that local officials must further promote the prevention and control of air pollution.
It is reported that Inner Mongolia will adhere to source control and comprehensive policies, strengthen the coordinated control of PM2.5 and O? and regionally differentiated control, and continue to improve the environmental air quality of Hohhot, Baotou, Wuhai and surrounding areas as the key to air pollution prevention and control. Promote the ultra-low emission transformation of key industries such as steel, coking and electric power, promote the treatment of the three major pollution sources of industry, coal, and motor vehicles, consolidate and improve the environmental air quality, and basically eliminate severe and above polluted weather by 2025.
Li Bin, deputy director of the Inner Mongolia Water Conservancy Department, said that Inner Mongolia will also increase ecological water supply in important rivers and lakes and ecologically fragile areas.
According to reports, from 2007 to the present, Inner Mongolia officials have implemented ecological water replenishment of 3.648 billion cubic meters to Wuliangsuhai.
In 2020 and 2021, 1.81 cubic meters and 524 million cubic meters of ecological water will be implemented in ecologically fragile areas along the Yellow River, respectively.
At present, the ecological water storage capacity and water area of important lakes such as "One Lake, Two Seas" are maintained within a reasonable range.
It is worth mentioning that the water conservancy department of Inner Mongolia will continue to promote the Xiliao River to "measure water."
Prior to this, the Inner Mongolia Water Resources Department organized an analysis of groundwater resources carrying capacity and initially determined groundwater control indicators.
Through measures such as groundwater over-exploitation area management and water conservation, a total of 190 million cubic meters of over-exploited water will be reduced from 2015 to the end of 2020.
Through the implementation of water regulation, a total of 176 million cubic meters of ecological water will be discharged to the Xiliao River in 2020 and 2021. This year, the Molimiao Reservoir, which has been dry for many years, will enter the water for the first time.
Wang Yufeng, the second-level inspector of the Department of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry of Inner Mongolia, said that Inner Mongolia will vigorously promote the construction of high-standard farmland focusing on high-efficiency and water-saving, and strive to reach 55 million mu by the end of the "14th Five-Year Plan" period to provide more solid support for ensuring national food security.
News from the Inner Mongolia Forestry and Grassland Bureau shows that Inner Mongolia will strengthen the protection of forest and grass ecosystems.
Incorporate natural forests and public welfare forests into the unified management and protection system, protect all natural forests, and ensure steady growth in the quantity and quality of forest resources.
In addition, the Inner Mongolia Forestry and Grassland Bureau will also cooperate with the construction of national parks such as Hulunbuir and Helan Mountain to protect the integrity and authenticity of important natural ecosystems.
Maintain the biodiversity, geological heritage, and landscape diversity of natural parks, and explore the ecological, cultural, aesthetic, and scientific research values of important natural spaces.
According to reports, Inner Mongolia will take five years from now to complete 43 million mu of forestry ecological construction tasks, 65 million mu of grass planting tasks, and 26.5 million mu of sand prevention and control tasks.
By 2025, the forest coverage rate in Inner Mongolia will reach 23.5%, the forest stock will reach 1.55 billion cubic meters; the grassland vegetation coverage will reach 45%, and the grassland biomass and diversity will continue to increase; and a natural protection with national parks as the main body will be initially established地系。 The system.