Chinanews, August 24. According to Australia.com, researchers from the University of Melbourne and the University of Queensland in Australia have recently analyzed the negative attitudes of the United States and Australia towards Asians.
This research report shows that Asian racial hatred in the United States may be related to political opinions. More Republican voters have expressed negative attitudes towards Asian people. In Australia, Asian bias is reflected to a greater extent by education and Income level.
At the beginning of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, after news reports claimed that the virus originated in Wuhan, China, anti-Asian hate crime cases in the United States and Australia surged.
Researchers from the University of Melbourne and the University of Queensland aim to use this study to understand the bias driving forces behind Asian discrimination and to clarify the factors that lead to social divisions.
Although anti-Asian sentiment has existed in previous disease outbreaks due to past colonial and racist policies, the authors of the survey report pointed out that what is lacking in understanding is how this sentiment is expressed in different social demographic groups , And whether these models differ between countries.
The study used direct and indirect questions to assess anti-Asian sentiment, including a YouGov survey that covered the responses of 1,375 Australians and 1,060 Americans between August 31 and September 9, 2020.
One of the authors, Dr. Monica Tan of the University of Melbourne, said that indirect questioning is very important because the interviewees are unlikely to express their discriminatory attitudes towards race because they are worried about the consequences.
She said: “We added a list of experimental analysis to the survey to look for unconscious bias. This task included asking respondents if they would be worried about going to certain restaurants and listing a range of cuisines, including Chinese cuisine.” Subsequently, the researchers linked these data with a series of socio-economic factors to prove the relationship between anti-Asian sentiment and political affiliation, age, gender, education, employment status, and income group.
The results show that compared with Australia, anti-Asian sentiment in the United States is not higher.
Associate Professor Leah Ruppanner, a sociologist and one of the authors of the research report, said that in terms of anti-Asian sentiment in Australia and the United States, the sentiments of the two countries are relatively similar.
However, the biggest difference is how to show discrimination.
Interestingly, in the United States, although Republicans are more likely than Democrats to show anti-Asian sentiment, they are less likely to say that they will avoid Chinese restaurants for health reasons.
This may be because although Trump has made very anti-China remarks, many Republicans doubt the possibility of the new crown virus as a real health problem.
In the United States, there is a strong relationship between political stance and anti-Asian sentiment. In Australia, these negative attitudes are more closely related to three factors, including women, individuals with lower education levels, and middle-income groups. Individuals are more likely to share anti-Asian bias.
Rupana said: "These results may reflect the greater economic difficulties faced by these groups during the COVID-19 restriction and lockdown. The results of the study show that anti-Asian bias is related to economic conditions, political speech and media background. This helps. We see that to create a more tolerant society, which areas need to be paid attention to. Our research shows that there is still a lot of work to be done in reducing anti-Asian discrimination. It is necessary to formulate anti-discrimination policies and train public security and bystanders. Provide more resources and take a community-centric approach to raise awareness. Eliminating false or misleading information is also important, especially on social media platforms, which may help curb misleading about Asians and the new coronavirus Sexual information." (End)Keywords: