China News Service, Beijing, August 20 (Reporter Liang Xiaohui) After the comprehensive two-child policy was written into the Population and Family Planning Law in 2015, China is now amending the law again to implement "a couple can have three children." "Write into it.

This move means that China has officially entered the "three-child era."

  On the 20th, the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress voted to pass a decision on amending the Population and Family Planning Law, clarifying the three-child birth policy and its supporting measures in the law, and deleting the old law regarding the collection of support fees and family planning certificates. , Adopt long-term contraceptive measures and other regulations that are contrary to the three-child policy.

  In recent years, China's fertility level has declined year by year.

According to the seventh census data, China's total fertility rate in 2020 is 1.3, which is lower than the warning line of 1.5 generally considered by the international community, and is considered to be at risk of falling into a low fertility rate.

Related monitoring also shows that China's birth population and birth rate this year are still showing a downward trend.

  Officials believe that for a period of time, the continuous increase in the cost of childbirth, nurturing, and education has gradually become an important factor for "unwilling to give birth" and "dare to give birth".

In response to this, the official announced in July this year the "Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Optimizing the Fertility Policy to Promote the Long-term Balanced Development of the Population", proposing the implementation of the three-child policy and supporting measures.

  Related measures are reflected in the new law.

The new law clarifies that the state adopts financial, taxation, insurance, education, housing, employment and other supporting measures to reduce the burden of family birth, nurturing, and education.

  At the same time, a series of specific systems have also been written into the new law, and the relevant provisions cover the construction of the inclusive childcare service system, infant and child care services, parental leave, employment services for women of childbearing age, and all-round assistance guarantees for special family planning families.

  For example, the “parental parental leave” that has received much attention, the new law clarifies that the state supports the establishment of parental parental leave where conditions permit, and encourages couples to share parental responsibilities and enhance family parenting capabilities.

At present, some places in China have explored this. The practice includes those who give birth to three children, on the basis of national maternity leave, enjoy 30 days of maternity incentive leave, and their spouses enjoy 15 days of paternity leave.

  Zhang Guilong, the first-level inspector of the Administrative Law Office of the Legal Work Committee of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, believes that this amendment will create a positive, relaxed, and convenient reproductive environment for people who are willing to give birth. Promote an atmosphere of fertility, prenatal and postnatal care, and marriage and childbirth of the right age.

  Outsiders have noticed that this revision of the law once again reflects China's requirement that "all major reforms must be based on the law"-to transform major decisions of the Party Central Committee into the national legal system through legal procedures.

At the same time, amendments to the law are also considered to be an inevitable requirement to "solve the people's worries at the legal level"-the three-child policy involves comprehensive measures such as taxation, education, and employment, which must be adjusted and coordinated by legal means.

  The legislature stated that after the promulgation of the new law, supporting laws, regulations, and policies will also be established, revised, and abolished, and the effect of the new law will be evaluated in a timely manner.

  The new law shall come into force on the date of promulgation.

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