Marriage registration pilot "cross-province operation" (listen to and solve the worries of the masses)
The “cross-provincial service” of marriage registration was implemented as a pilot program. As of July 31, the pilot areas had handled 5192 “cross-provincial service” marriage registrations and 698 “cross-provincial service” divorce registrations.
How is the "trans-provincial administration" convenient and beneficial to the people?
What management and technical difficulties need to be resolved?
Please see the reporter's investigation.
On April 30, the State Council issued the "Approval on the Approval of the Trial of "Inter-Provincial Access" for Marriage Registration for Mainland Residents in Certain Regions", agreeing to implement the "Inter-Provincial Access" for marriage registration and divorce registration in Liaoning, Shandong, Guangdong, Chongqing, and Sichuan. The pilot projects of “cross-provincial management” of marriage registration were implemented in Jiangsu, Henan, Wuhan, Hubei, and Xi’an, Shaanxi.
The trial period is two years, from June 1 this year to May 31, 2023.
The trial work of "cross-provincial administration" of marriage registration has been carried out for more than two months.
How is the current policy implementation?
How is the convenience for the people?
The reporter interviewed relevant departments.
Strengthen information sharing and improve the intelligent level of marriage registration
In the early morning of June 1, Mr. Liu, who lives in Tianjin with a registered permanent residence in Lixia District, Jinan City, Shandong Province, and Ms. Yang, with a registered permanent residence in Qinhuangdao City, Hebei Province, received a marriage certificate at the Marriage Registry of Lixia District—this is a marriage. After the registration of the "cross-provincial administration" pilot work was formally implemented, the first "inter-provincial administration" marriage certificate was issued nationwide.
"It only took less than 1 hour from leaving home to receiving the marriage certificate. It was really convenient." Ms. Yang said that she and her spouse planned to obtain the certificate last year, but due to work reasons and the impact of the epidemic, they have never returned to their household registration. Land permit.
At a time when they had to travel back and forth to get the certificate, the trial of "inter-provincial access to marriage registration" was launched in Shandong, which saved them a lot of trouble.
When receiving the marriage certificate, the marriage registry office also organized a certificate award ceremony. A 61-year-old diamond married couple issued a marriage registration certificate and blessed them.
According to the current "Regulations on Marriage Registration", the marriage or divorce of mainland residents should be handled jointly at the marriage registration office where one of the parties' permanent residence is registered.
But now in the pilot area, parties to marriage registration whose both parties are not registered in local households can apply for marriage registration at the marriage registration office where the residence permit is issued by presenting the residence permit of one party, the household register of both parties, and the ID card, or choose the place where the permanent residence of one party is registered. Marriage registration.
"In order to ensure the stable and effective development of the pilot work, the Ministry of Civil Affairs strengthened the information sharing between departments, strengthened the nationwide network review of marriage registration, promoted the supplementary recording of hundreds of millions of historical marriage registration data, and continuously improved the accuracy of marriage registration." Department of Social Affairs, Ministry of Civil Affairs The relevant person in charge said that in recent years, through the unremitting efforts of civil affairs departments and marriage registration agencies, the marriage registration information management system has now achieved a national network. The Ministry of Civil Affairs, the Ministry of Public Security, the Supreme People’s Court and other departments have achieved positive results in information sharing. The continuous improvement of the level of industrialization has provided the foundation for the construction of informatization for the “cross-provincial administration”.
According to reports, as of July 31, a total of 5,192 "cross-provincial" marriage registrations and 698 "cross-provincial" divorce registrations were handled in pilot areas.
The pilot work of "cross-provincial administration" of marriage registration in various regions was smooth and orderly, and the response from all parties was good.
Frequent population flow has given rise to the demand for "inter-provincial services"
Marriage registration is a livelihood matter of great concern to all sectors of society.
According to data from the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the country currently handles an average of about 10 million marriage registrations, nearly 4 million divorce registrations, and 4 million replacement marriage registration certificates each year, directly serving nearly 40 million people.
In contrast, the current situation of my country's population flow is becoming more frequent.
Data from the seventh national census shows that in 2020, there will be about 493 million people in my country in a state of "separation of households and households."
Most of these personnel are those who go out to work and find jobs, do business and run enterprises, and join the military. Among them, marriageable personnel account for a large proportion.
The migrants returning home to handle marriage registration will inevitably incur relatively large time, manpower, material resources, and economic costs, as well as many inconveniences, and there is a strong demand for "cross-provincial administration" of marriage registration.
In order to meet the needs of ordinary people for cross-regional marriage registration, in 2016, the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for the Development of Civil Affairs" proposed to explore and carry out marriage registration work in different places.
In the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for Promoting the Equalization of Basic Public Services" issued by the State Council in 2017, it was proposed to explore the work of handling marriage registration in different places.
Since then, the Ministry of Civil Affairs has successively guided Beijing, Tianjin, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Jinan, Qingdao, Shenyang, Nanjing, Chengdu, Wuhan and other places to successively carry out pilot projects for inter-city operations. With the authorization and approval of the State Council, Zhejiang Province has also begun to implement marriage registration. The pilot project of "cross-provincial administration" of marriage registration has accumulated effective and beneficial experience.
In September 2020, the "Guiding Opinions of the General Office of the State Council on Accelerating the Promotion of "Cross-provincial Administration" of Government Services" included the "cross-provincial administration" of marriage registration in the list of national high-frequency government services "inter-provincial administration", requiring Actively promote the "cross-provincial universal registration" of marriage registration.
At the same time, the conditions for the implementation of "cross-provincial administration" of marriage registration are also becoming more mature.
The Ministry of Civil Affairs, in conjunction with the National Development and Reform Commission, the People’s Bank of China and other 30 departments, jointly issued a document to fully implement the personal credit risk notification system during the marriage registration process, and increase the dishonesty of deliberate concealment, fabrication of facts, and fraud in marriage registration during marriage registration. The disciplinary strength of the behavior.
With the widespread promotion of high-speed cameras, ID card readers, portrait collection, face recognition and other equipment applications across the country, the level of intelligence in marriage registration has continued to increase, and the accuracy and convenience of marriage registration have been effectively improved.
Explore reforms and improve the management system of marriage registration services
There is a strong "rigid demand" of the masses. Why does the "cross-provincial operation" of marriage registration need to be piloted instead of being fully promoted?
"Marriage registration'cross-provincial connection' is a relatively complex systematic project, full of risks and challenges, and there are many difficult tasks that need to be solved through pilot projects." Wang Jinhua, director of the Department of Social Affairs of the Ministry of Civil Affairs, said that marriage registration "cross-provincial There are many factors behind the "General Administration", including the increase in the difficulty of party information verification, the reengineering of business processes, and the equalization of public services, making the reform more difficult.
For example, the personal information verification of the parties requires a complete information system, complete marriage data and intelligent technical equipment; inter-departmental information sharing must break the inter-departmental information barriers and share relevant government information in a timely and effective manner; registration business process reengineering requires In accordance with the requirements of "inter-provincial administration" and the structural changes and characteristics of the service population, the business process should be re-engineered and improved; inter-provincial cooperation requires a "national chess game", and the marriage registration agencies of civil affairs departments in various regions should support and cooperate with each other, especially In terms of information verification, one party needs to cooperate with all parties to provide warm and considerate services to marriage parties.
Wang Jinhua introduced that the "cross-provincial operation" of marriage registration still needs to be piloted in terms of how to replace "mass running" with "data running", how to adapt to changes in the structure of the service population, how to rationally and effectively allocate service resources, and effectively meet the needs of the people. Constantly explore paths and sum up experience.
The purpose of the State Council’s approval of launching the trial of "cross-provincial connection" of marriage registration for inland residents is to give full play to the pilot area’s pilot role, and form a batch of replicable and extendable policy measures and institutional mechanisms for the implementation of marriage registration nationwide. "Cross-province operation" accumulates practical experience and explores feasible paths for reforming and improving the marriage registration service management system.
"It is our goal to implement the'cross-provincial connection of marriage registration' across the country. When the conditions are ripe, we will promptly promote this work." Wang Jinhua said.
Ma Chunhua, a researcher at the Institute of Sociology of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that "inter-provincial communication" involves many links and complex practical issues. To realize "inter-provincial communication", not only the communication and cooperation of different departments such as the Ministry of Civil Affairs and the Supreme Law, but also The cooperation of local marriage registration agencies is required.
The relevant person in charge of the Department of Social Affairs of the Ministry of Civil Affairs stated that in order to realize the nationwide "cross-provincial communication", the current and next stage, the Ministry of Civil Affairs will actively summarize the experience and effectiveness of the trial work of the "cross-provincial communication" of marriage registration, and promote The amendment to the "Regulations on Marriage Registration" provides legal protection for the full implementation of the "cross-provincial administration" of marriage registration.
At the same time, continue to promote the construction of marriage registration information, continuously improve the efficiency of government services, guide all regions to strengthen the service functions of marriage registration agencies, optimize the allocation of service resources, improve service quality, and provide the people with more high-quality, convenient, efficient and warm services.
Our reporter Li ChangyuKeywords: