Recently, the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council issued the "Opinions on Further Reducing the Burden of Compulsory Education Students' Homework and Off-campus Training", and issued a notice requiring all regions and departments to conscientiously implement it in light of actual conditions.
The full text of the "Opinions on Further Reducing the Burden of Students' Homework and Off-campus Training in Compulsory Education" is as follows.
In order to thoroughly implement the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee, and effectively improve the level of school education, continue to standardize off-campus training (including online training and offline training), and effectively reduce the burden of excessive homework and off-campus students during compulsory education. The training burden (hereinafter referred to as "double reduction"), the following opinions are hereby put forward.
1. General requirements
1. Guiding ideology.
Adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for the New Era, fully implement the party’s educational policy, implement the fundamental task of Lide’s cultivation of people, focus on building a high-quality education system, strengthen the role of school education as the main position, deepen the governance of off-campus training institutions, and resolutely prevent Acts that violate the interests of the masses, build a good education ecology, effectively alleviate parents' anxiety, and promote students' all-round development and healthy growth.
2. Working principles.
Adhere to student-oriented, respond to concerns, follow the laws of education, focus on the healthy growth of students, protect students' right to rest, improve the overall quality of school education and teaching, actively respond to social concerns and expectations, and reduce the burden on parents; adhere to governance according to law, both symptoms and root causes, and strict Implement the compulsory education law, the minor protection law and other legal provisions, strengthen source governance, system governance, and comprehensive governance; adhere to government-led, multi-party linkage, strengthen government coordination, implement departmental responsibilities, give full play to the main role of the school, improve security policies, and clarify family School-community coordination responsibility; adhere to overall planning and steady implementation, fully implement the national regulations on reducing the excessive academic burden of students, conduct pilot projects on key and difficult issues, and actively promote typical experiences to ensure the smooth and orderly "double reduction" work.
3. Work goals.
School education and teaching quality and service levels are further improved, homework assignments are more scientific and reasonable, school after-school services basically meet the needs of students, student learning better returns to campus, and training behaviors of off-campus training institutions are fully standardized.
Students’ overwork burdens and off-campus training burdens, family education expenditures and parents’ corresponding energy burdens were effectively reduced within one year, and the results were significant within three years, and the people’s education satisfaction was significantly improved.
2. Reduce the total amount and duration of homework in an all-round way, and reduce the burden of heavy homework on students
4. Improve the operation management mechanism.
Schools should improve homework management methods, strengthen subject group and grade group homework coordination, rationally regulate and control homework structure, and ensure that the difficulty does not exceed the national curriculum standards.
Establish an internal publicity system for homework and strengthen quality supervision.
It is strictly forbidden to assign or disguise assignments to parents, and it is strictly forbidden to ask parents to check and correct the assignments.
5. Categorize the total amount of operations.
Schools should ensure that no homework is assigned to the first and second grades of elementary school, and consolidation exercises can be properly arranged in the school; the average completion time of written assignments for the third to sixth grades of elementary school does not exceed 60 minutes, and the average completion time of written assignments for junior high school does not exceed 90 minutes.
6. Improve the quality of job design.
Give full play to the functions of homework diagnosis, consolidation, and academic analysis, incorporate homework design into the teaching and research system, and systematically design basic homework that conforms to age characteristics and learning rules, and reflects the orientation of quality education.
Encourage the arrangement of layered, flexible and personalized operations, resolutely overcome mechanical and invalid operations, and eliminate repetitive and punitive operations.
7. Strengthen homework completion guidance.
Teachers should instruct elementary students to basically complete written assignments in school, and junior high school students to complete most of the written assignments in school.
Teachers should seriously correct homework, provide timely feedback, strengthen face-to-face commentary, carefully analyze academic conditions, and do a good job of answering questions.
Students are not allowed to self-approve and modify their homework.
8. Use spare time scientifically.
Schools and parents should guide students to complete the remaining written assignments after returning home from school, carry out necessary schoolwork, engage in housework within their capacity, carry out appropriate physical exercises, and carry out reading and literary activities.
Individual students who are unable to complete written assignments after hard work should also go to bed on time.
Guide students to use electronic products reasonably, control the duration of use, protect their eyesight, and prevent Internet addiction.
Parents should actively communicate with their children, pay attention to their children's psychological emotions, and help them develop good learning and living habits.
Boarding schools should make overall arrangements for their after-school study and life.
3. Improve the school's after-school service level to meet the diverse needs of students
9. Guarantee service time after class.
Schools should make full use of resource advantages, effectively implement various after-school education activities, and meet the diverse learning needs of students in the school.
Guide students to voluntarily participate in after-school services.
In principle, the end time of after-school services should not be earlier than the local normal off-duty time; for students with special needs, the school should provide extended custody services; junior high schools can open self-study classes in the evening on weekdays.
Schools can make overall arrangements for teachers to implement the "flexible commuting system".
10. Improve the quality of after-school service.
Schools should formulate after-school service implementation plans to enhance the attractiveness of after-school services.
Make full use of the after-school service time, guide students to complete their homework, provide tutoring and answer questions for students with learning difficulties, expand the learning space for students who have the ability to learn, and carry out a variety of science, culture, art, labor, reading, Interest groups and club activities.
Do not use after-school service hours to teach new classes.
11. Expand after-school service channels.
After-school services are generally undertaken by the teachers of the school, and retired teachers, qualified social professionals or volunteers can also be hired to provide them.
The education department can organize outstanding teachers in the region to provide after-school services to schools with weak teachers.
Strictly investigate and deal with teachers' paid supplementary lessons outside the school in accordance with laws and regulations, until the teacher’s qualification is revoked.
Make full use of social resources and give full play to the role of children’s palaces, youth activity centers and other off-campus activities in after-school services.
12. Free online learning services to be stronger and better.
The education department should collect and develop a wealth of high-quality online education and teaching resources, use national and local education and teaching resource platforms and high-quality school network platforms to provide students with high-quality thematic educational resources and learning resources covering all grades and subjects for free to promote education The balanced development of resources promotes educational equity.
All localities must actively create conditions and organize outstanding teachers to conduct free online interactive exchanges and answer questions.
Schools in all regions should increase their promotion and use, and guide students to make good use of free online high-quality educational resources.
4. Adhere to strict governance and comprehensively standardize off-campus training behavior
13. Adhere to strict examination and approval agencies.
All regions no longer approve new subject-based off-campus training institutions for students in the compulsory education stage, and existing subject-based training institutions are uniformly registered as non-profit institutions.
The online discipline training institutions that were originally filed are changed to an examination and approval system.
All provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government) shall conduct a comprehensive investigation on the online discipline training institutions that have been filed, and re-approve the approval procedures according to the standards.
If the approval is not passed, the original filing registration and Internet Information Service Business License (ICP) shall be cancelled.
For non-disciplinary training institutions, localities should distinguish sports, culture and art, science and technology, etc., clarify the corresponding competent departments, formulate standards by category, and strictly review and approve.
Strictly investigate and punish off-campus training institutions that do not have the corresponding qualifications and conduct training in multiple locations without approval in accordance with laws and regulations.
Disciplinary training institutions shall not be listed for financing, and capitalized operations are strictly prohibited; listed companies shall not invest in discipline training institutions through stock market financing, and shall not purchase the assets of discipline training institutions by issuing shares or paying cash; foreign capital shall not be acquired through mergers, acquisitions, and trustees Operating, franchising, and using variable interest entities to hold or participate in academic training institutions.
Those who have violated regulations shall be cleaned up and rectified.
14. Standardize training service behavior.
Establish training content filing and supervision systems, and formulate and promulgate training materials management methods for off-campus training institutions.
Exceeding standards and advance training are strictly prohibited, non-disciplinary training institutions are prohibited from engaging in subject training, and overseas education courses are strictly prohibited.
Resolutely investigate and deal with outstanding issues such as out-of-scope training, uneven training quality, vulgar content, illegal content, and piracy in accordance with laws and regulations.
Strictly implement the relevant provisions of the Juvenile Protection Law, and off-campus training institutions shall not occupy national statutory holidays, rest days, and winter and summer vacations to organize subject training.
Training institutions must not rob school teachers with high salaries; personnel engaged in subject training must have corresponding teacher qualifications, and the teacher qualification information must be announced in prominent locations on the training institution’s premises and websites; parents and students’ personal information must not be leaked.
Determine the charging items and standards of training institutions according to market demand, training costs and other factors, and publicize them to the public and accept supervision.
Full use of "Out-of-school Training Service Contract for Primary and Secondary School Students (Model Text)".
Further improve the normalized investigation mechanism, timely grasp the situation and information of off-campus training institutions, and improve the "black and white list" system.
15. Strengthen normal operation supervision.
Strictly control the excessive influx of capital into training institutions. The financing and fees of training institutions should be mainly used for training business operations. Unfair competition in the form of fictitious original prices, false discounts, and false publicity for the promotion of business is strictly prohibited, and industry monopolies shall be resolutely investigated and dealt with in accordance with laws and regulations. behavior.
Online training should pay attention to protecting the eyesight of students. Each lesson should be no more than 30 minutes, the interval between courses should be no less than 10 minutes, and the training end time should be no later than 21 o'clock.
Actively explore the use of artificial intelligence technology to reasonably control the continuous online training time of students.
Online training institutions must not provide and disseminate unhealthy learning methods such as "photographic search for questions" that inert students' thinking ability, affect students' independent thinking, and violate the laws of education and teaching.
The recruitment of foreign personnel in China must comply with relevant national regulations, and it is strictly forbidden to hire foreign personnel abroad to carry out training activities.
5. Vigorously improve the quality of education and teaching to ensure that students learn well in school
16. Promote the high-quality and balanced development of compulsory education.
All localities should consolidate the basic and balanced results of compulsory education, actively carry out the creation of high-quality and balanced compulsory education, promote the growth of new high-quality schools, and expand high-quality educational resources.
Actively promote group school running, school district governance and the construction of urban and rural school communities, fully stimulate school running vitality, improve the overall school running level, and accelerate the reduction of the education level gap between urban and rural areas, regions, and schools.
17. Improve the quality of classroom teaching.
The education department should guide schools to improve teaching management procedures, optimize teaching methods, strengthen teaching management, and improve students' learning efficiency at school.
Schools must fully open the nationally prescribed courses, actively promote the connection of young and elementary sciences, help students prepare for school, strictly follow the curriculum standards and start teaching, so as to teach everything that should be taught, and ensure that students meet the nationally prescribed academic quality standards.
Schools are not allowed to increase or decrease class hours at will, increase difficulty, and speed up progress; reduce test pressure, improve test methods, and must not end class preparations in advance, violation of unified examinations, excessive examination questions, examination rankings, etc.; examination results are presented in a hierarchical system and resolutely overcome only scores Propensity.
18. Deepen the reform of high school enrollment.
All localities should actively improve the enrollment mode of high school students based on the scores of junior high school level examinations combined with comprehensive quality evaluation, and improve the examination methods and performance presentation methods based on the characteristics of different subjects.
Adhere to the study-based examination, further improve the quality of the high school entrance examination questions, and prevent partial questions, strange questions, and problems that exceed the curriculum standards.
Gradually increase the proportion of high-quality ordinary high school enrollment indicators allocated to junior high schools in the region, standardize the order of ordinary high school enrollment, and eliminate illegal enrollment and vicious competition.
19. Incorporate into the quality evaluation system.
Local party committees and governments at all levels must establish a correct view of political performance, and strictly prohibit assigning indicators for entering higher education or evaluating schools and teachers unilaterally based on the rate of entering higher education.
Conscientiously implement the guidelines for the quality evaluation of compulsory education, incorporate the effectiveness of "double reduction" work into the quality evaluation of compulsory education in counties and schools, and consider students' participation in after-school services, off-campus training, and reduction in training expenses as important evaluation content.
6. Strengthen supporting governance and enhance support and guarantee capabilities
20. Guarantee the school's after-school service conditions.
All localities must make overall plans and approve the staff according to the size of students and the staffing standards of elementary and middle schools, and have enough teachers.
Provincial governments should formulate methods for guaranteeing school service funds after school, clarify relevant standards, and adopt methods such as financial subsidies, service charges or agency fees to ensure that funding is in place.
After-school service funds are mainly used to subsidize teachers and related personnel involved in after-school services. When determining the total performance salary, relevant departments should consider the factors of teachers’ participation in after-school services, and use the amount of funds used for teachers’ after-school service subsidies. Incorporating performance pay as an increment and setting up corresponding items, not as the base for the normal assessment of the total performance pay for the following year; for the after-school service provided by off-campus personnel, the after-school service subsidy can be managed according to labor fees.
The performance of teachers participating in after-school services should be used as an important reference for professional title evaluation, commendation and rewards and performance salary distribution.
21. Improve the coordination mechanism of home, school and society.
Further clarify the responsibilities of home-school education, close home-school communication, innovate collaborative methods, and promote the construction of a collaborative education community.
The education department should work with the Women’s Federation and other departments to set up parent schools or online family education guidance platforms, promote the construction of community family education guidance centers and service sites, guide parents to establish scientific parenting concepts, rationally determine their children’s growth expectations, and strive to form a consensus on reducing burdens.
22. Do a good job in the management and control of training advertisements.
Relevant central departments, local party committees and governments at all levels must strengthen the management of off-campus training advertisements to ensure that mainstream media, new media, public places, various billboards and online platforms in residential areas do not publish or broadcast off-campus training advertisements.
Commercial advertising activities shall not be carried out in primary and secondary schools and kindergartens, and advertisements shall not be published or disguised in disguised form using textbooks, auxiliary materials, exercise books, stationery, teaching aids, school uniforms, school buses, etc. of primary and secondary schools and kindergartens.
Strictly investigate and punish all kinds of illegal and illegal off-campus training advertisements that exaggerate the effectiveness of training, mislead the public's education concepts, and create anxiety for parents in accordance with laws and regulations.
7. Do a good job in pilot exploration to ensure the steady progress of governance
23. Clarify the requirements of the pilot work.
While carrying out comprehensive governance work, Beijing, Shanghai, Shenyang, Guangzhou, Chengdu, Zhengzhou, Changzhi, Weihai, and Nantong have been identified as national pilots, and at least one prefecture and city shall be selected for pilots in other provinces. The contents of the pilot program are those listed in Articles 24, 25, and 26.
24. Resolutely reduce subject-based off-campus training.
Re-examine the registration of existing training institutions for disciplines, and gradually reduce them to solve the problem of excessive and excessive use; serious problems such as non-qualification, chaotic management, taking advantage of opportunities to collect money, false propaganda, and collusion with schools for profit in accordance with laws and regulations Institutions.
25. Reasonable use of resources inside and outside the school.
Encourage qualified schools to provide students with interest-based after-school service activities in their spare time for students to choose to participate in.
If the after-school services cannot meet the special needs of some students, such as the development of interests and specialties, they can appropriately introduce non-disciplinary off-campus training institutions to participate in the after-school services. The education department is responsible for organizing selection for schools to choose and use, and establishing an evaluation exit mechanism to provide services for emergencies. Training institutions with low standards, malicious recruitment of students in schools, failure to provide services in accordance with regulations, disrupting school education and teaching and enrollment order, and other issues, resolutely cancel training qualifications.
26. Strengthen the supervision of training fees.
Adhere to the non-profit nature of off-campus training, fully consider its characteristics related to major people’s livelihoods, incorporate the fees for subject-based off-campus training in the compulsory education stage into government-guided price management, scientifically and rationally determine pricing methods, clarify fee standards, and resolutely curb excessively high fees and excessive profit-seeking behavior .
Through third-party custody, risk reserves, etc., risk management and control of the pre-charge of off-campus training institutions, strengthen the supervision of loans in the training field, and effectively prevent problems such as "difficulty in refunding fees" and "rolling out of money".
8. Carefully organize and implement to achieve practical results
27. Complete system deployment.
Strengthen the party’s leadership of the "double reduction" work. The party committees and governments of all provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government) should make the "double reduction" work a major livelihood project, put it on the agenda and include it in the provincial (autonomous region, municipality) party committee education work leading group Focus on key tasks and refine and improve measures based on local actual conditions to ensure the implementation of the "double reduction" work.
School party organizations must conscientiously do a good job in teachers' ideological work, and fully mobilize the enthusiasm and creativity of teachers.
Off-campus training institutions should strengthen their own party building work and give full play to the role of party organizations as a fighting fortress.
28. Clarify the responsibilities of the department.
The education department must do a good job in overall coordination, strengthen the daily supervision of off-campus training institutions in conjunction with relevant departments, and guide schools to do a good job in the "double reduction" work; the publicity and cybersecurity and informatization departments must strengthen public opinion and guidance, and the cybersecurity and informatization departments must cooperate with education, industry, and The information department should do a good job in the supervision of online and off-campus training; the organization establishment department should make up the teacher establishment for primary and secondary schools in a timely manner; the development and reform department should work with the finance and education departments to formulate school after-school service or charging standards, and education, etc. The department formulates the charging guidance policy for off-campus training institutions in the pilot area; the financial department must strengthen the guarantee of school service funds; the human resources and social security department must do a good job in the verification of teacher performance wages; the civil affairs department must do a good job in the registration of subject training institutions; the market Regulatory departments must do a good job in the registration of non-disciplinary training institutions and the supervision of fees, advertising, and anti-monopoly of off-campus training institutions, strengthen law enforcement inspections, and work with education departments to seriously investigate and deal with violations of laws and regulations in accordance with laws and regulations; political and legal departments must do so Properly maintain harmony and stability; public security departments should strengthen public security management in accordance with the law, jointly carry out intelligence and information collection, research and judgment, and early warning and prevention, and do a good job of emergency response to related stability-related incidents; the People’s Bank of China, China Banking Regulatory Commission, and China Securities Regulatory Commission are responsible for guiding banks and other institutions to do The pre-charging risk management and control work of off-campus training institutions shall be carried out, and the financing and listing of training institutions shall be cleaned up; other relevant departments shall take responsibility in accordance with their respective responsibilities and implement them well.
29. Jointly carry out special governance actions.
Establish a special coordination mechanism for "double reduction" work, and focus on organizing and carrying out special governance actions.
Set up a special work organization for the coordination mechanism in the Ministry of Education, do a good job in overall planning and coordination, and strengthen the work guidance for all localities.
All provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government) should improve their working mechanisms, establish special working institutions, and clarify the roadmap, timetable and responsible persons for special governance actions in accordance with the "double reduction" work objectives and tasks.
Highlight work priorities, key links, weak areas, key targets, etc., and carry out comprehensive investigations and remediation.
Violations of laws and regulations shall be severely punished and punished in accordance with laws and regulations to form a warning and deterrent.
30. Strengthen supervision and inspection and publicity and guidance.
The implementation of the "double reduction" work situation and actual results will be an important content of supervision and supervision, special rectification that ignores the interests of the masses, and the supervision and evaluation of the government's performance of education duties.
Establish a mechanism for accountability, and seriously hold accountable places, departments, schools, and relevant persons responsible for failing to implement responsibilities and inadequate measures.
All localities should set up supervision platforms and special reporting telephones to unblock the masses' supervision and reporting channels.
All provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government) should promptly summarize the good experiences and practices in the "double reduction" work, and do a good job in publicity and promotion.
News media must adhere to the correct guidance of public opinion and create a good social atmosphere.
While doing a good job of "double reduction" for students in compulsory education, all localities must also coordinate the management of off-campus training for 3 to 6-year-old preschool children and ordinary high school students. Online training for preschool children must not be carried out. It is strictly forbidden to carry out offline subject (including foreign language) training for preschool children in the name of preschool classes, preschool transition classes, thinking training classes, etc.
New off-campus training institutions for preschool children and subject-based off-campus training institutions for ordinary high school students will no longer be approved.
Regarding the management of subject training institutions for ordinary high school students, refer to the relevant provisions of this opinion.