China News Service, Beijing, July 21 (Reporter Liang Xiaohui) On the 21st, many Chinese departments asked questions about the "Decision of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on Optimizing Fertility Policies to Promote Long-term and Balanced Population Development". They asked why and how to implement the three-child policy. The specific implementation, what impact will it have, and other issues respond to outside concerns.
——Why is the "three" child?
Yu Xuejun, deputy director of the National Health Commission of China, pointed out that the implementation of the three-child policy is a comprehensive consideration of the stage of China’s social development, the main contradictions of population development itself, and the urban and rural development and regional development that are closely related to population development. The achievements of development and poverty alleviation and the building of a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way take into account China’s public service capabilities at this stage.
After comprehensive consideration and comprehensive evaluation, such a decision was finally made.
——Does the three-child policy mean the cancellation of family planning?
Yang Wenzhuang, director of the Population and Family Department of the National Health Commission of China, said that the implementation of the three-child policy is also a family planning policy. Family planning, as a product of the progress of human civilization, must continue to be adhered to, and future family planning work must continue to strengthen services.
——After the three-child policy, will China's population fertility rate usher in a significant increase?
Yu Xuejun said that in the short term, he hopes to release the fertility potential and smooth the decline of the birth population.
From a long-term perspective, the key depends on whether the active reproductive support measures can be well connected and whether they can be truly implemented.
——Why abolish social support payments?
Yang Wenzhuang said that China is now promoting long-term balanced population development, which is different from the population development goals of controlling excessive population growth in the 1970s and 1980s and stabilizing the low birth rate since the beginning of the new century.
Restrictive measures such as social support payments are indeed out of date and need to be abolished in time.
——How to solve "cannot afford" and "cannot afford"?
Ou Xiaoli, Director of the Department of Social Development of the National Development and Reform Commission of China, pointed out that the "Decision" clarified that supporting measures and the three-child birth policy were proposed as a whole combination, requiring that marriage, childbirth, parenting, and education be considered as a whole. A package of support measures for the life cycle.
The next step will be to study and formulate implementation plans to further refine active reproductive support measures.
——How to solve the problem of who will "pick up the child from school"?
Lu Yugang, director of the Department of Basic Education of the Ministry of Education of China, said that the "one school, one case" is being implemented to formulate a specific implementation plan for after-school services. Every compulsory education school must do it, and each school will integrate its own characteristics and conditions of running a school. Formulate a specific implementation plan to ensure full school coverage after the start of this fall.
——What should I do if the sky-high price of gifts and vulgar marriages affect the marriage?
Zhang Zhende, the head of the Department of Social Affairs of the Ministry of Civil Affairs of China, said that the Ministry of Civil Affairs will actively promote the opposition to high-price beauties, vulgar marriages, resistance to extravagance and waste, as an important content of the village regulations and resident conventions, and give full play to urban and rural areas. The role of community red-and-white councils and other self-governing organizations is to strengthen the compliance and implementation of village regulations and folk conventions and residents’ conventions.
——Does China's population advantage still exist?
Xiaoli Ou said that, on the whole, China's population will maintain its scale advantage for a long time, and it is also under pressure from scale.
A large-scale population can effectively guarantee the ultra-large-scale domestic market, and labor resources are still abundant.
Not only will China's demographic dividend continue to exist, but also the talent dividend will become increasingly apparent.
Yu Xuejun pointed out that China is still in a demographic dividend period.
However, with the deepening of the aging of the population, the demographic dividend will definitely gradually weaken. This is the general law of population and economic development.