China News Agency, United Nations, July 12th. In 2020, about 1 in 10 people in the world will face the predicament of undernourishment.
A report jointly issued by a number of United Nations agencies on the 12th showed that about 9.9% of the world's people are undernourished in 2020, an increase of 1.5% from 2019.
The report entitled "The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World in 2021" was jointly released by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the International Fund for Agricultural Development, the United Nations Children's Fund, the United Nations World Food Program and the World Health Organization. It is an outbreak of new crown pneumonia. The first such global assessment report released by the United Nations.
According to the report, in 2020, more than half of the undernourished people in the world will be concentrated in Asia, more than a third will be in Africa, and a small part will be in Latin America and the Caribbean.
The incidence of moderate or severe food insecurity has soared in the past year, which is equivalent to the total increase in the past five years.
Various forms of malnutrition are still widespread, and children and women are particularly affected.
In 2020, it is estimated that more than 149 million children under five years of age are stunted or under-standard; over 45 million children under five are thin or underweight; and nearly 39 million children under five are overweight.
In 2020, the global sex ratio of men and women suffering from food insecurity is 1:1.1, and nearly one-third of women of childbearing age suffer from anemia.
Compared with 2019, the number of hungry people in Asia will increase by 57 million in 2020; Africa has the largest increase in the number of hungry people, with undernourished people accounting for 21% of the total population, more than twice that of other regions.
More than 90% of stunted children, more than 90% of wasted children, and more than 70% of overweight children live in Africa and Asia.
Most children under five who suffer from malnutrition live in Africa and Asia.
The report estimates based on current trends and believes that to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 2: "Zero Hunger" by 2030, the hunger problem of nearly 660 million people needs to be solved.
About 30 million of them may be continuously affected by the epidemic.
The report pointed out that in order to deal with hunger and malnutrition, the international community must formulate a "coordinated policy and investment portfolio."
The report proposes six ways to solve the problem: combining humanitarian, development and peacebuilding policies in conflict-affected areas; strengthening the climate resilience of the food system; strengthening the resilience of the most vulnerable groups to the economic downturn; Intervene in the supply chain to reduce the cost of nutritious food; solve poverty and structural inequality; strengthen the food environment and change consumer behavior.
The report calls for the creation of a favorable governance mechanism and institutional environment. Policy makers should solicit opinions extensively, empower women and young people, and provide further data and new technologies.
The report emphasizes that all countries in the world must take immediate action.
Otherwise, the unfavorable factors that cause hunger and malnutrition will come back with greater momentum and continue to have long-term effects after the epidemic is over.