China News Service, Lanzhou, June 10 (Reporter Feng Zhijun) The reporter learned from the Dunhuang Academy on the 10th that in order to protect the lives and property of the general public and tourists, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the "Regulations on the Protection of Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang, Gansu," any unit, Enterprises and individuals enter the Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes Reserve to carry out activities such as hiking, camping, off-roading, quarrying, sandboarding, and activities that may damage or destroy cultural relics, buildings, structures, and the environment.

  The climate in Dunhuang, known as the "Arid Pole of China", is arid.

The Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes, located on the southeastern edge of the Kumtag Desert, one of the eight major deserts in China, and on the faulted rock at the eastern foot of the Mingsha Mountains, are surrounded by the desert Gobi, and the ecological environment is very fragile.

The picture shows the wind-sand control site on the top of Mogao Grottoes.

(Data map) Photo by Yang Yanmin

  According to reports, the scope of the legally designated protected area includes: east to the west foot of Sanwei Mountain; south to the entire Daquan river basin, including waters such as Daquan, Tiaohuzi, Dalapai, Xiaolapai, and Kugou Spring, and west to Ming The sandy mountain watershed is 2,000 meters west; north to the 1,000-meter milestone of Provincial Highway 217, and extends 3,500 meters to the east and west sides with the highway as the center.

  The Dunhuang Research Institute stated that any unit, enterprise or individual who illegally entered the reserve will be severely investigated and punished according to law once discovered.

  The "Regulations on the Protection of Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang, Gansu" was discussed and approved by the Standing Committee of the Ninth People's Congress of Gansu Province on December 7, 2002.

The "Regulations" divide the protection scope of Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes into key protection areas and general protection areas. The key protection areas must maintain the grottoes and their original environmental features, and no new permanent buildings or structures shall be built.