Ramadan Zaman in Iran has a different flavor and a special flavor.
Because of its national and ethnic diversity, each region had unique customs in this holy month that were forgotten with the passage of time or continued until now, but in a limited way.
And before the holy month of Ramadan, the Iranians were preparing for this holy month. In addition to buying Ramadan necessities, they used to place food baskets for the needy in the neighborhood.
In addition to personal hygiene and cleaning the house, they cleaned the neighborhood's mosques with the participation of men and women, and they welcomed the advent of the Month of Mercy with poetic verses, "Hello, welcome, Ramadan."
The investigation of the crescent and reading Ramadan poems, as well as reconciliation between people, as well as giving gifts to children and visiting family and friends, are all the customs of the Iranian people that have continued until now, like other Islamic countries.
When Ramadan arrives, people at sunset would stand towards the direction of the Qiblah and chant, “Our Lord has forsaken our past sins and sins and broke their chains, and here we are fully prepared for fasting and worship.” (Communication sites)
One of the ancient customs that was common in some Iranian regions is the tradition of "Kalukh Andazan", meaning throwing blocks of dirt, which was also mentioned in the History of Al-Bayhaqi book.
On the last Friday of the month of Sha`ban, with families going out to nature and eating nutritious dishes in preparation for fasting, they used to throw dirt masses on the ground to erase sins and avoid sins, as people would stand at sunset towards the direction of the qiblah carrying earthen blocks chanting these phrases: “Our Lord forsake us our past sins and our sins and destroy us Their shackles, and now we are fully prepared for fasting and worship. ”Then they were throwing the dirt masses forcefully on the ground to vanish, believing that with the breaking of the blocks, their sins would be erased and shattered.
In Ramadan, every "Zourkhaneh" (a place where wrestlers train for the popular sport of wrestling) in Tehran had their programs until the pre-dawn meal (Getty Images)
Zorkhanh and see us
Saeed Roshan, director of the Tehran Studies Institute, says that in the month of Ramadan, all "Zourkhanah" (a place where wrestlers train for the popular sport of wrestling) in Tehran had their programs until the pre-dawn meal, and the peak of their activity was in this holy month, as it is currently continuing in some of them.
People would gather in cafes and play "turna" (from the Arabic word durra - fracturing the sign, a game in which a shawl is tied and intertwined), Roshen added.
People also read the Shahnameh (Persian epic), and due to the lack of staff at that time, people slept until noon in order to start their activities from noon onwards.
In Iran, every "illiterate" person tries to buy a Qur’an and present it to an educated person, so that he can participate in the reward for concluding the Qur’an (Reuters)
Ibn Maljam and the head of the sheep were killed
And because it is desirable to complete the Noble Qur’an in Ramadan, every “illiterate” person was trying to buy the Qur’an and present it to an educated person, so that he could participate in the reward for concluding the Qur’an, Roshan said in his interview with Al-Jazeera Net.
Likewise, the night of the 27th of Ramadan was an important night for the people of Tehran and the rest of the cities, because on the one hand the Shiites were celebrating eating "kul baja" (head of a lamb) due to the killing of Ibn Muljim (the murderer of our master Ali, may God be pleased with him) on this night, and on the other hand it was important for the Sunnis. Because they think it is the Night of Power.
Murad clothing and blessing bags
On the 27th of Ramadan and in some Iranian cities, women used to gather and still gather in the neighborhood's mosques until they started sewing a “wanted dress” or blessing bags between the noon and afternoon prayers.
They believe that if single girls wear this dress, their luck in marriage will increase, and if the patient wears it, he will be cured, and if the needy wears it, he will relieve his distress.
As for the others, they sew bags of blessing to put money in them, and they believed that any money entered into it would be doubled and blessed by Allah.
One of the old customs of Hamedan people is to collect the remaining bread on the breakfast table and keep it until Eid al-Adha to be used with the broth for blessing (Pixabay)
Work in Ramadan is an act of worship
In Ilam Governorate (West), people usually do not leave work during the month of Ramadan because of the harvest season, and they believe that working in the blessed month of Ramadan is worship.
And they were tying their stomachs with a stone wrapped in a ghutra (shemagh / hat) around the waist, because the pressure of the stone made them not feel hungry and thus they would not stop working.
Among the old customs of the people of Hamadan near Ilam, they collect all the remaining dry bread on the breakfast table and keep it until Eid al-Adha, and add it to the cooked broth of sacrificial meat, because of their belief in the blessing in it and that it fulfills the supplication and the needs of those who eat it.
At the time of the engagement, the groom's family used to give gifts to the bride's family, usually a tray consisting of a dress and a chador for prayer (prayer clothes) (communication sites)
In some cities such as Lar (south) and Hamadan, it was customary for the betrothed to send gifts to each other.
Samad Qurbani, director of Hamadan Museum of Anthropology (anthropology), says that at the time of the engagement, the groom's family used to give gifts to the bride's family, usually a tray consisting of a dress and chador for prayers (prayer clothes) and sweets.
But after the wedding, it is the bride's family who send gifts to the groom's family.
Qurbani told Al-Jazeera Net that the condolence ends with us on 3 holidays, which are: Eid Nowruz, Eid al-Fitr, and Eid al-Adha, even if the person lost his loved ones a short time ago.
People of Khuzestan, which has an Arab majority, play the mhaibis game during Ramadan (communication sites)
Al-Mhaibis and Al-Qarqiaan
As for the people of Khuzestan (southwest), which is predominantly Arab, they play the game of mhaibis during Ramadan (also famous in Iraq) and continue to perform the Gergean rituals as well.
The "blood of magic blood" in Khuzestan was more common in the past, like most Iranian regions.
Sunni Muslims in Iran also perform Tarawih prayers with the advent of the blessed month of Ramadan, and it is usually 20 or 8 rak'ahs in some areas, and they also pray the night prayers in the last ten days of Ramadan.